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Excise duty is a tax on alcohol, tobacco, fuel and petroleum products (including gaseous fuels) produced or manufactured in Australia. Collectively, these products are referred to as excisable goods.
Excisable alcohol includes beer, brandy, other spirits, liqueurs and other beverages such as ready-to-drink products, but not wine.
Home-brewed beer (that is, beer produced for non-commercial purposes using non-commercial facilities and equipment) is exempt from excise duty.
Wine is subject to wine equalisation tax (WET), not excise duty. For more information, refer to Wine equalisation tax essentials.
Excisable fuel and petroleum products mean goods such as:
From 1 July 2013, there are a number of changes to excise duty, including:
A carbon charge is an amount equal to the price of carbon emissions from the use of a fuel. This charge varies depending on the carbon emissions of each fuel. Carbon charge amounts will increase annually until 30 June 2015. The rates may then be adjusted every six months.
For more information on:
Excisable tobacco includes cigarettes, cigars, tobacco and snuff.
Customs duty is imposed on imported alcohol, tobacco, fuel and petroleum products (including LPG, LNG and CNG) at a rate equivalent to excise. This is to ensure that imported goods are treated consistently with local goods. These goods are referred to as excise equivalent goods (EEGs).
On 1 July 2010, the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (Customs and Border Protection) delegated responsibility for warehoused EEGs to us. We administer:
Customs and Border Protection is responsible for other aspects of EEGs. A quick reference guide is available to help you work out which agency to contact.
Excise rates for alcohol and tobacco may be increased in February and August each year in line with the consumer price index.
The excise rates for gaseous fuels are being phased in between 1 December 2011 and 1 July 2015.
Customs tariff rates for alcohol and tobacco are also aligned to the consumer price index.
Excise duty is generally paid by the manufacturer or distributor of the goods rather than the retailer.
You need a licence to undertake certain activities in relation to excisable goods and EEGs. Your licence imposes significant obligations for the control and documentation of excisable goods and EEGs in your custody.
You must get permission from the ATO to move excisable goods and EEGs before they are delivered for home consumption or export, though you can apply for a continuing movement permission.
You need to lodge a return and pay excise duty and customs duty before you deliver excisable goods and EEGs for home consumption unless you have a periodic settlement permission.
In certain circumstances you may be entitled to claim a refund (including drawback) of excise or customs duty already paid or remission of a liability for duty.
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