Your home is generally exempt from tax. If you have an investment property, build or renovate for profit, or use a property in the running of a business, there may be implications for income tax, capital gains tax and goods and services tax (GST).
In most cases there are no tax implications for the home that you live in, and no tax implications when you sell it. This situation may change if you rent out part of your home or use it for work, or it's on more than 2 hectares of land. If you're saving for your first home, you may be eligible for government contributions to help you build your savings quickly.
Inheriting a dwelling
There are usually no capital gains tax implications at the time you inherit a dwelling. Capital gains tax may apply when you subsequently sell or otherwise dispose of the dwelling.
Residential rental properties
If you rent out property to others, you must declare the income in your tax return, and you can claim tax deductions for many of the related expenses. You may have to pay capital gains tax when you sell the property.
Vacant land is generally a capital asset that is subject to capital gains tax. However, if you purchase the land for resale to earn a profit, or use the land in a business-like way, it is considered trading stock. In this case you treat proceeds from the land as ordinary income, and you may need to register for GST.
If you subdivide land - including if you subdivide land adjacent to your home - the subdivided land will generally be subject to capital gains tax. However, if you purchase land to subdivide and resell for a profit, or use the subdivided land in a business-like way, the proceeds may be treated as ordinary income and you may need to register for GST.
Property development, building and renovating
If you build new residential premises for sale, you'll be liable for GST on the sale and entitled to claim GST credits for related purchases. If you renovate a property and sell it for a profit, there could be implications for income tax, capital gains tax and GST.
Property used in running a business
If your property is used to run a business - whether it's commercial premises like a shop or office, or even your own home - there will be income tax implications while you own it and capital gains tax implications when you sell. You may also be liable for GST, and entitled to claim GST credits, when you buy, sell, lease or rent commercial premises.End of further information
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