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  • Individuals statistics

    The Individuals section includes statistics on most labels and calculations from the Individuals tax return, as well as some superannuation account information.

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    Individuals summary tables and charts

    Table 3: Individuals – median and average key items, by sex, 2018–19 and 2019–20 income years

     

    2018–19

    2019–20

    Male

    Female

    Total

    Male

    Female

    Total

    Average taxable income
    ($)

    73,218

    51,382

    62,549

    74,559

    52,798

    63,882

    Median taxable income
    ($)

    55,829

    40,547

    47,492

    56,746

    41,724

    48,381

    Average net tax
    ($)

    23,365

    14,687

    19,344

    23,938

    15,079

    19,790

    Median net tax
    ($)

    13,801

    8,405

    11,024

    14,185

    8,697

    11,330

    Average superannuation account balance
    ($)

    162,275

    128,068

    143,910

    161,834

    129,506

    145,388

    Median superannuation account balance
    ($)

    57,883

    45,118

    49,413

    56,425

    44,634

    49,374

    Download data from the 2012–13 income year onward at Snapshot table 4External Link.

    Chart 4: Individuals – top 10 postcodes, by average taxable income

    Chart 4 shows top 10 postcodes in Australia, ranked by average taxable income of individuals, for the 2019–20 income year. The link below will take you to the data behind this chart as well as similar data back to the 2010–11 income year.

    Download data from the 2010–11 income year onward at Snapshot table 5External Link.

    Chart 5: Individuals – top 10 occupations, by average taxable income

    Chart 5 shows top 10 occupations in Australia, ranked by average taxable income of individuals, for the 2019–20 income year. The link below will take you to the data behind this chart as well as similar data back to the 2010–11 income year.

    Download data from the 2010–11 income year onward at Snapshot table 5External Link.

    Table 4a: Individuals – single people with private health insurance (PHI), by income tier and age, 2019–20 income year

    Single people

    Tier 0:
    $90,000 or less
    (no.)

    Tier 1:
    $90,001 to $105,000
    (no.)

    Tier 2:
    $105,001 to $140,000
    (no.)

    Tier 3:
    $140,001 or more
    (no.)

    Less than 65 years of age

    1,207,871

    164,220

    216,537

    176,445

    65 to 69 years

    99,478

    6,680

    8,356

    7,967

    70 years or more

    196,377

    6,612

    9,087

    15,441

    Unspecified

    283

    9

    2

    337

    Dependent child for PHI rebate purposes

    413,326

    3,775

    2,692

    4,074

    Table 4b: Individuals – members of a couple with PHI, by income tier and age, 2019–20 income year

    Members of a couple

    Tier 0:
    $180,000 or less
    (no.)

    Tier 1:
    $180,001 to $210,000
    (no.)

    Tier 2:
    $210,001 to $280,000
    (no.)

    Tier 3:
    $280,001 or more
    (no.)

    Less than 65 years of age

    2,952,108

    507,703

    642,143

    568,741

    65 to 69 years

    353,310

    19,574

    24,340

    26,125

    70 years or more

    510,310

    13,952

    18,862

    27,516

    Unspecified

    79,924

    12,233

    14,274

    9,308

    In these tables, Income tier is determined by income for surcharge purposes.

    Download data from the 2013–14 income year onward at Snapshot table 4External Link.

    Chart 6: Individuals – net tax, by tax bracket, 2019–20 income year

    Chart 6 shows the distribution of individuals and net tax, across the different tax brackets, for the 2019–20 income year. The link below will take you to the data behind this chart as well as similar data back to the 2010–11 income year.

    Download data from the 2010–11 income year at Snapshot table 5External Link.

    Table 5: Individuals – Selected income items, 2018–19 to 2019–20 income years

    Income item

    2018–19

    2019–20

    Individuals
    (no.)

    Average
    ($)

    Median
    ($)

    Individuals
    (no.)

    Average
    ($)

    Median
    ($)

    Salary or wages

    11,551,273

    63,085

    52,732

    11,779,081

    64,421

    53,627

    Gross interest

    8,215,961

    1,177

    64

    7,861,321

    998

    39

    Allowances, earnings, tips, director’s fees etc.

    2,666,000

    3,539

    417

    3,940,637

    3,605

    780

    Dividends – franked amount

    2,834,906

    9,656

    568

    2,674,671

    9,159

    480

    Dividends – franking credit

    2,827,899

    4,009

    245

    2,664,405

    3,782

    207

    Net rent

    2,244,857

    −1,352

    −1,238

    2,270,911

    −73

    −400

    Partnerships and trusts – net non-primary production amount

    1,831,599

    33,046

    5,577

    1,862,533

    32,578

    4,178

    Australian Government allowances and payments like Newstart, Youth Allowance and Austudy payment

    933,806

    6,451

    5,637

    1,674,555

    6,569

    5,374

    Net income or loss from business – non-primary production

    1,353,290

    26,874

    12,332

    1,394,718

    27,417

    12,227

    Dividends – unfranked amount

    966,323

    1,077

    78

    1,123,790

    1,156

    119

    Net capital gain

    744,478

    26,446

    1,689

    839,950

    24,039

    1,670

    Assessable foreign source income

    795,712

    8,582

    400

    828,520

    8,864

    384

    Other net foreign source income

    656,391

    4,216

    199

    689,443

    4,429

    194

    Australian Government pensions and allowances

    663,999

    12,019

    12,575

    683,443

    13,016

    13,737

    Total income or loss

    14,677,545

    65,148

    49,480

    14,958,590

    66,535

    50,425

    In this table:

    • Total income or loss components don't add to the total number of individuals because individuals may declare more than one type of income
    • some components of total income are not listed
    • the calculations for count, average and median for total income or loss include zeros.

    Download data from the 2007–08 income year onward at Snapshot table 4External Link.

    Table 6: Individuals – Selected deductions, 2018–19 to 2019–20 income years

    Deduction item

    2018–19

    2019–2020

    Individuals
    (no.)

    Average
    ($)

    Median
    ($)

    Individuals
    (no.)

    Average
    ($)

    Median
    ($)

    Work-related expenses

    8,888,020

    2,331

    1,045

    9,395,149

    2,303

    1,092

    Other expenses included in managing your tax affairs

    5,951,011

    332

    176

    5,911,137

    333

    180

    Gifts or donations

    4,210,270

    933

    120

    4,337,321

    887

    130

    Other deductions

    673,191

    3,109

    1,706

    681,164

    3,314

    1,731

    Personal superannuation contributions

    436,952

    13,395

    12,500

    480,735

    13,524

    12,000

    Dividend deductions

    298,450

    3,091

    404

    305,553

    2,678

    369

    Low value pool deduction

    274,055

    420

    172

    280,784

    396

    168

    Interest charged by ATO

    233,659

    1,464

    262

    193,745

    1,602

    372

    Interest deductions

    185,078

    3,404

    184

    163,919

    3,433

    200

    Total deductions

    14,677,545

    2,498

    600

    14,958,590

    2,548

    687

    In this table:

    • Other deductions is a label on the tax return and doesn't include all other deductions from the tax return not listed
    • Total deductions components don't add to the total number of individuals claiming deductions because individuals may claim more than one type of deduction
    • some components of total deductions are not listed
    • the calculations for count, average and medians for total deductions include zeros.

    Download data from the 2002–03 income year onward at Snapshot table 4External Link.

    Table 7: Individuals – Selected tax offsets and levies, 2018–19 to 2019–20 income years

    Offset/levy

    2018–19

    2019–20

    Individuals
    (no.)

    Average
    ($)

    Median
    ($)

    Individuals
    (no.)

    Average
    ($)

    Median
    ($)

    Medicare levy

    10,168,264

    1,622

    1,264

    10,417,278

    1,652

    1,287

    Low and middle income tax offset

    9,931,612

    747

    954

    10,117,963

    748

    951

    Low income tax offset

    6,768,009

    307

    347

    6,787,746

    306

    346

    Small business income tax offset

    998,974

    440

    295

    1,080,451

    427

    277

    Commonwealth of Australia benefits and payments tax offset

    430,560

    691

    688

    687,605

    775

    676

    Foreign income tax offset

    591,696

    1,868

    45

    654,222

    1,696

    31

    Seniors and pensioners tax offset

    624,458

    1,182

    1,167

    639,319

    1,193

    1,138

    Zone or overseas forces tax offset

    459,137

    315

    132

    442,988

    309

    132

    Medicare levy surcharge

    328,574

    1,264

    1,027

    411,624

    1,220

    1,026

    Employment termination payment tax offset

    340,523

    3,387

    261

    385,201

    2,764

    200

    Australian superannuation income stream tax offset

    181,999

    3,294

    2,794

    167,914

    3,497

    3,070

    Download data from the 2002–03 income year onward at Snapshot table 4External Link.

    Chart 7: Individuals – returns by lodgment type, 2019–20 income year

    Chart 7 shows lodgment channel of 2019–20 individual income tax returns. 64.8% by agent, 34.5% by myTax, 0.7% other self-preparer. The link below will take you to the data behind this chart as well as similar data going back to the 2009–10 income year.

    Download data from the 2009–10 income year onward at Snapshot table 5External Link.

    Chart 8: Individuals – returns by sex, 2015–16 to 2019–20 income years

    Chart 8 shows the sex of individuals lodging income tax returns for the last 5 income years. The link below will take you to the data behind this chart as well as similar data back to the 2009–10 income year.

    Download data from the 2009–10 income year onward at Snapshot table 5External Link.

    Chart 9: Individuals – returns by state/territory, 2019–20 income year

    Chart 9 shows individual returns lodged by state or territory for the 2019–20 income year. NSW 31.3%, VIC 25.6%, QLD 20.0%, WA 10.6%, SA 6.8%, TAS 2.1%, ACT 1.9%, NT 0.9%, Overseas 1.0% and Unknown <0.1%. The link below will take you to the data behind this chart as well as similar data back to the 2009–10 income year.

    Download data from the 2009–10 income year onward at Snapshot table 5External Link.

    Chart 10: Individuals – rental income and deductions, 2015–16 to 2019–20 income years

    Chart 10 shows rental income and deduction items, as well as net rental income, for individuals over the last 5 income years. The link below will take you to the data behind this chart as well as similar data back to the 2009–10 income year.

    Download data from the 2009–10 income year onward at Snapshot table 5External Link.

    Table 8: Individuals – interest in a rental property, by overall net rent outcome, 2018–19 to 2019–20 income years

    Property interests
    (no.)

    2018–19

    2019–20

    Net rent loss
    (no.)

    Net rent neutral/ profit
    (no.)

    Total individuals
    (no.)

    Net rent loss
    (no.)

    Net rent neutral/ profit
    (no.)

    Total individuals
    (no.)

    1

    931,132

    658,431

    1,589,563

    856,436

    736,447

    1,592,883

    2

    250,035

    170,494

    420,529

    227,742

    190,895

    418,637

    3

    74,955

    54,861

    129,816

    67,753

    61,637

    129,390

    4

    26,719

    20,600

    47,319

    23,709

    23,056

    46,765

    5

    10,935

    8,578

    19,513

    9,647

    9,624

    19,271

    6 or more

    11,226

    9,208

    20,434

    9,858

    10,037

    19,895

    Total

    1,305,002

    922,172

    2,227,174

    1,195,145

    1,031,696

    2,226,841

    In this table, Property interests implies solely or jointly owned properties, including those bought or sold during the year.

    Download data from the 1999–2000 income year onward at Snapshot table 4External Link.

    Table 9: Individuals – workplace giving programs, 2017–18 to 2019–20 income years

     

    2017–18

    2018–19

    2019–20

    Total employees employed by workplace giving employers
    (no.)

    3,825,871

    4,230,951

    4,144,719

    Employees using workplace giving
    (no.)

    181,456

    201,237

    211,541

    Total donations given using workplace giving
    ($m)

    38

    43

    53

    Average donation
    ($)

    210

    215

    248

    Median donation
    ($)

    75

    75

    100

    In this table, individuals may be counted more than once if they changed jobs during the same income year.

    Download data from the 2009–10 income year onward at Snapshot table 4External Link.

    Chart 11: Individuals – gifts or donations, by state/territory, 2019–20 income year

    Chart 11 shows the average and median deduction of individuals for gifts or donations, by state or territory, for the 2019–20 income year. The link below will take you to the data behind this chart as well as similar data back to the 2009–10 income year.

    Download data from the 2009–10 income year onward at Snapshot table 5External Link.

    Chart 12: Individuals – median super balance, by age and sex, 2019–20 financial year

    Chart 12 shows the median superannuation balance of individuals by age and sex, for the 2019–20 financial year. The link below will take you to the data behind this chart as well as similar data back to the 2013–14 financial year.

    In this chart, statistics include individuals with an account balance or current year contributions greater than zero.

    Download data from the 2013–14 financial year onward at Snapshot table 5External Link.

    Chart 13: Individuals – super balance, by state/territory and sex, 2019–20 financial years

    Chart 13 shows the average and median superannuation balance of individuals by state or territory and sex, for the 2019–20 financial year. The link below will take you to the data behind this chart as well as similar data back to the 2013–14 financial year.

    In this chart, statistics include individuals with an account balance or current year contributions greater than zero.

    Download data from the 2013–14 income year onward at Snapshot table 5External Link.

    Table 10: Individuals – super balance, by taxable income range, 2018–19 to 2019–20 financial years

    Taxable income

    2018–19

    2019–20

    Individuals
    (no.)

    Average account balance
    ($)

    Median account balance
    ($)

    Individuals
    (no.)

    Average account balance
    ($)

    Median account balance
    ($)

    Less than or equal to $18,200

    1,979,605

    131,629

    19,394

    1,938,107

    143,479

    19,188

    $18,201 to $37,000

    2,695,562

    93,957

    19,380

    2,726,195

    92,490

    15,188

    $37,001 to $90,000

    5,902,727

    121,119

    58,841

    6,015,386

    116,698

    54,365

    $90,001 to $180,000

    2,244,478

    257,695

    154,606

    2,421,962

    249,830

    150,297

    $180,001 or more

    487,380

    608,285

    313,803

    527,251

    575,470

    302,397

    No tax return

    3,670,006

    91,799

    15,464

    3,508,673

    99,468

    20,181

    Total

    16,979,758

    143,910

    49,413

    17,137,574

    145,388

    49,374

    In this table, only individuals with a superannuation account balance greater than zero are included. The average and median are calculated excluding zeros.

    Download data from the 2013–14 income year onward at Snapshot table 4External Link.

    See also

      Last modified: 08 Aug 2022QC 70151