Coasting trade licences and permits
Ships may only engage in the coasting trade if they are licensed or have been granted a temporary licence (Division 1 and 2 of the Coastal Trading Act).
Ships do not need to be entered as imported if they are:
- operating under either a licence or temporary licence issued under the Coastal Trading Act
- otherwise exempt under the Coastal Trading Act.
However, there are other Australian Customs and Border Protection Service requirements, such as reporting and paying duty and GST on bunkers and other ship's stores.
There is no direct correlation between coasting trade licenses or permits and the voyage types used for the purposes of establishing liability for duty and tax. This is due to differences in definitions and the underlying concepts.
The coasting trade is generally defined as the carriage of cargo or passengers in the interstate coastal trades. In 2012 the Coastal Trading (Revitalisation Australian Shipping) Act 2012 (Coastal Trading Act) was introduced and replaced the part of the Navigation Act 1912 that dealt with the licence/permit system which exists for ships engaged in the coasting trade.