GST and pizza rolls
Terms we use
When we say:
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- sale, we are referring to the GST term supply
- GST law we are referring to the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999.
Pizza rolls are savoury bread rolls similar to cheese-topped and cheese and bacon rolls. They are also called Italian rolls.
Pizza rolls are sold on the day they are baked.
Generally, pizza rolls:
- can be cut and filled
- have a traditional bread dough base
- have a topping or filling that is less than 30% of the roll's depth
- don't have any of the three characteristics of pizza, pizza subs or pizza pockets.
Characteristics of pizzas, pizza subs and pizza pockets
Pizzas, pizza subs and pizza pockets:
- cannot be cut and filled, do not need filling or topping added and are ready to eat
- are made with dough (sometimes called 'pizza dough') with more oil and less yeast than traditional bread dough
- have a topping or filling that is more than 30% of the product's depth.
Pizza rolls can be either taxable or GST-free.
When pizza rolls are GST-free
Schedule 1 in the GST law lists foods that are taxable.
A food is GST-free if it is:
- not listed in Schedule 1
- for human consumption.
Pizza rolls are:
- not listed in Schedule 1
- for human consumption
- GST-free if they are not
- similar to pizza, pizza subs, pizza pockets (see below)
- sold ready filled and ready to eat like a sandwich or roll.
When pizza rolls are taxable
Pizza rolls are taxable if the rolls are similar to pizza, pizza subs, pizza pockets (see below).
Similar food has:
- a general likeness to pizzas, pizza subs or pizza pockets
- all of the three common characteristics of pizzas, pizza subs and pizza pockets.
Example: GST-free rolls
Alex's Gourmet Foods sells pizza rolls which are baked fresh daily. Customers buy the rolls to take away.
The dough base is flour, salt, oil, yeast and water. The toppings are tomato, bacon, pineapple, herbs and cheese. The topping makes up 20% of the roll's depth. The customer can add more filling to the roll if they want to.
The rolls are GST-free because the:
- rolls can be cut and filled
- topping depth is less than 30% of the depth of the product.
Example: Taxable rolls
Leo's Universal Foods sells pizza rolls which are baked fresh daily. Customers buy the rolls to take away.
The dough base is flour, a lot of olive oil, a very small amount of yeast, water and salt. The toppings are tomato, bacon, pineapple, herbs and cheese. The topping makes up 35% of the roll's depth. The customer can't cut through the roll to add more filling.
The rolls are taxable because the:
- rolls don't need extra topping or filling
- topping makes up 30% of the product's depth
- rolls are similar to pizza, pizza subs and pizza pockets.
For more information:
- refer to the following publications
- visit our website at www.ato.gov.au
- phone us on 13 28 66, or
- write to us at
Australian Taxation Office
PO Box 3524
ALBURY NSW 2640
If you do not speak English well and want to talk to a tax officer, phone the Translating and Interpreting Service on 13 14 50 for help with your call.
If you have a hearing or speech impairment and have access to appropriate TTY or modem equipment, phone 13 36 77 if you do not have access to TTY or modem equipment.
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