• #### Choosing the indexation or discount method

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This information may not apply to the current year. Check the content carefully to ensure it is applicable to your circumstances.

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For assets you have held for 12 months or more, you may choose to use the indexation method or the discount method to calculate your capital gain. There is no one factor you can use as a basis to select the better option as it depends on the type of asset you own, how long you have owned it, the dates you owned it and the past rates of inflation. It is probably best to calculate your capital gain using both methods to find out which gives you the better result. This is shown below in the worked example for Val and her completed Capital gain or capital loss worksheetThis link will download a file.

Example: Choosing the indexation or discount method

Val bought a property for \$150,000 under a contract dated 24 June 1991. The contract provided for the payment of a deposit of \$15,000 on that date, with the balance of \$135,000 to be paid on settlement on 5 August 1991.

She paid stamp duty of \$5,000 on 20 July 1991. On 5 August 1991, she received an account for solicitors fees of \$2,000, which she paid as part of the settlement process.

She sold the property on 15 October 2001 (the day the contracts were exchanged) for \$215,000. She incurred costs of \$1,500 in solicitors fees and \$4,000 in agents commission.

 Deposit × indexation factor \$15,000 × (123.4 ÷ 106.0 = 1.164) \$17,460 Balance × indexation factor \$135,000 × (123.4 ÷ 106.6 = 1.158) \$156,330 Stamp duty × indexation factor \$5,000 × (123.4 ÷ 106.6 = 1.158) \$5,790 Solicitors fees for purchase of property × indexation factor \$2,000 × (123.4 ÷ 106.6 = 1.158) \$2,316 Solicitors fees for sale of property (indexation does not apply) \$1,500 Agents commission (indexation does not apply) \$4,000 Cost base (total) \$187,396
 Capital proceeds \$215,000 less cost base \$187,396 Capital gain \$27,604

(Val's total current year capital gain using this method)

Assuming Val has not made any other capital losses or capital gains in the 2001-02 income year and does not have any prior year net capital losses, her net capital gain using the indexation method is \$27,604.

 Deposit \$15,000 Balance \$135,000 Stamp duty \$5,000 Solicitors fees for purchase of property \$2,000 Solicitors fees for sale of property \$1,500 Agents commission \$4,000 Cost base (total) \$162,500
 Capital proceeds \$215,000 less cost base \$162,500 Discount capital gain (Val's total current year capital gain using this method) \$52,500 less 50% discount (as Val has no capital losses) \$26,250 Net capital gain \$26,250

As the discount method provides Val with the better result, she will show the amount worked out using the discount method on her tax return rather than the amount worked out using the indexation method.

The example shows how Val might complete the Capital gain or capital loss worksheetThis link will download a file using both methods.

End of example