• Work out if you need to lodge a company tax return

    Attention

    Warning:

    This information may not apply to the current year. Check the content carefully to ensure it is applicable to your circumstances.

    End of attention

    To work out whether your organisation needs to lodge a company tax return, you need to:

    Non-profit company or other taxable company

    For income tax purposes, taxable non-profit organisations are treated as either:

    • non-profit companies
    • other taxable companies.

    A non-profit organisation does not need to be incorporated to be treated as a company for income tax purposes.

    Non-profit companies that are Australian residents have a taxable threshold. If the taxable income of an Australian non-profit company in an income year is below the threshold, it is not required to lodge a tax return for that year.

    The taxable threshold for the 2012–13 income year is $416 of taxable income.

    However, we may notify a particular company that it is required to lodge a return.

    Other taxable companies are taxed on every dollar of taxable income. They must lodge a tax return each year.

    Non-profit companies and other taxable companies use the company tax return.

    Taxable threshold for lodgment

    If your organisation is a non-profit company that is an Australian resident and its taxable income is over $416 for the 2012–13 income year, it will need to lodge a company tax return.

    If your organisation is an ‘other taxable company’ and its taxable income is greater than $0 for the 2012–13 income year, it also needs to lodge a company tax return.

    Taxable income is rounded down to the nearest dollar.

    Calculate your organisation’s taxable income

    Taxable income is calculated as the difference between an organisation’s assessable income and allowable deductions.

    Taxable income = assessable income − allowable deductions

    The taxable income of a club, society or association is calculated in the same way as a company for tax purposes.

    Mutuality principle

    One particular issue that affects many clubs, societies and associations is the taxation treatment of mutual dealings with members.

    As a result of the mutuality principle:

    • receipts derived from mutual dealings with members are not assessable income (these are called mutual receipts)
    • expenses incurred to get mutual receipts are not deductible.

    Mutual receipts are not subject to income tax because they are not assessable income not because they are exempt income.

    Four steps to calculate taxable income

    Because of the mutuality principle, revenue and expenses of an organisation fall within one of three categories for income tax purposes.

    Revenue and expense categories

    Category

    Revenue

    Expenses

    1

    Non-assessable

    Non-deductible

    2

    Assessable

    Deductible

    3

    Apportionable

    Apportionable

    These categories are used in the following four steps to calculate an organisation’s taxable income:

    • Step 1: Classify revenue into non-assessable, assessable and apportionable.
    • Step 2: Classify expenses into non-deductible, deductible and apportionable.
    • Step 3: Separate the apportionable items by appropriate methods.
    • Step 4: Calculate the taxable income.
    Last modified: 10 Feb 2017QC 37432