• Valuation approaches

    The valuation methods that may be used to determine a market value for securities are based on established approaches that are market-based, income-based, cost-based or probabilistic.

    These methods include:

    • business valuations adjusted for the relevant security or ownership interest
    • trading benchmarks, for example, volume weighted average price (VWAP) or closing price
    • security-based discounted cash flow.
      Last modified: 01 Jul 2015QC 21245