• TFN withholding for ESS

    When a tax file number (TFN) has been advised for ESS reporting and there is tax withheld at the employee's request, it can be offset against PAYG withholding for the employee and the PAYG withholding remitted to the ATO. The TFN withholding amount must not exceed 50% of the discount amount.

    If no TFN has been provided for ESS reporting, the employer is obliged to withhold tax at the highest marginal rate. The withholding tax can be recovered from the employee’s salary or wages.

    The due date for payment is 21 July after the end of the relevant financial year.

    Remitting TFN withholding for ESS to ATO

    If a TFN has been advised for ESS reporting and the employee has requested their employer withhold tax from the discount amount, then the withholding amount can be offset against PAYG withholding. The TFN withholding amount must not exceed 50% of the discount amount.

    This can be then be remitted to the ATO on the BAS and the amount needs to be recorded at label W2.

    If no TFN has been provided for ESS reporting, the withholding tax can be recovered from the employee’s salary or wages and remitted to the ATO.

    There are two options for remitting to the ATO. If you are:

    • a large withholder and paying electronically - use EFT code 70
    • a medium or small withholder - notify the amount on the relevant activity statement at W3.

    Withholding when a TFN has not been provided

    If an employee who has received an ESS discount has not provided you with their TFN, you must withhold tax at the highest marginal rate and remit it to the ATO by 21 July after the end of the relevant financial year.

    If you are:

    • a large withholder and paying electronically – use EFT code 70
    • a medium or small withholder - show the amount on the relevant activity statement at W3.

    As an employee share scheme benefit is a non-cash benefit, you may recover the amount of withholding tax paid from the employee. You can do this by deducting it from other amounts payable to them, such as salary or wages.

    Example: Employee has not provided their TFN

    Lynda’s salary is $20,000 per month in 2015–16. In that year, she gets an ESS discount worth $15,000. She has not quoted her TFN to her employer. The employer must remit $7,350 (49% of $15,000) to the ATO by 21 July 2016. The employer is a medium withholder so they show the amount at W3 on their activity statement. To recover this amount, the employer deducts $7,350 from Lynda’s salary during the year. (Note that Lynda is still taxable on the $7,350 – this amount still forms part of her salary and is included in gross salary on her PAYG payment summary.)

    End of example

    If the employee has provided you with their TFN, you do not have to withhold tax in respect of the ESS discount. If you and the employee agree, you can withhold extra tax from their salary or wages to offset their end of year tax liability. This is treated as ordinary PAYG withholding and forms part of the amount at W2 on your activity statement.

    No TFN withholding for transitioned interests

    You do not need to withhold tax for shares or rights that have been transitioned into the changed rules, even if the employee has not given you their TFN or ABN.

    Example 1: Shares eligible for the start-up concession

    On 1 September 2015 Sarah is provided with 2,500 shares by Ludo's Lounges Pty Ltd under an ESS. The market value of the shares at acquisition is $1.00 and Sarah pays $0.85 to acquire them. Sarah has acquired the shares at a 15% discount ($1.00 - $0.85 = $0.15 discount). All of the conditions have been met for Sarah to receive the start-up concession.

    Ludo's Lounges Pty Ltd provides Sarah with the following details, when she acquires the shares:

    • number of shares: 2,500
    • acquisition price of each share $0.85
    • market value of each share: $1.00
    • acquisition date of shares: 1 September 2015.

    On 11 August 2016, Ludo's Lounges Pty Ltd lodges a completed ESS annual report with us that provides the above details.

    Under the start-up concession, Sarah does not need to report the ESS discount in the year she acquires the shares. However, she will need to report an amount under the capital gains tax provisions when she sells the shares. She will use the information provided to her by Ludo's Lounges Pty Ltd in determining the cost base of the shares.

    Timeline of events

    Date

    Event

    1 September 2015

    Sarah acquires 2,500 shares with a market value of $1 per share.

    Sarah pays Ludo's Lounges Pty Ltd $0.85 per share.

    Ludo's Lounges Pty Ltd provides Sarah with details of the shares, to use in future CGT calculations.

    11 August 2016

    Ludo's Lounges Pty Ltd lodges a completed ESS annual report with us that provides information about the shares Sarah received.

     

    End of example

     

    Example 2: Taxed-upfront scheme - eligible for reduction

    Matt works for Apple Bank Ltd and acquires 600 shares in Apple Bank Ltd under an ESS on 4 August 2015.

    The total market value of the shares is $3,600. Matt is required to pay $1,200 to purchase the shares; therefore, he acquires the shares for a discount of $2,400 ($3,600 less $1,200).

    On 7 July 2016 Matt's employer, Apple Bank Ltd, gives Matt an ESS statement as follows:

    Matt's ESS statement, showing $2,400 at label D

    As Matt has provided his TFN to Apple Bank Ltd, there is no amount displayed in the 'TFN amounts withheld from discounts (total includes cents)' field on Matt's ESS statement.

    Matt is completing his 2016 tax return. He is eligible for the upfront concession of $1,000 because the scheme, Matt's personal circumstances and his taxable income after adjustments meet the conditions.

    He writes $2,400 at D item 12 'Discount from taxed-upfront schemes - eligible for reduction' on his tax return.

    As Matt has no other ESS interests, he writes $1,400 at B item 12 'Total assessable discount amount' in his tax return ($2,400 discount less $1,000 concession).

    Apple Bank Ltd lodges an ESS annual report showing all reportable ESS data for their employees with the ATO by 14 August 2016.

    Apple Bank Ltd includes the following information about Matt in the report:

    • the number of shares acquired, 600, at 'Number of ESS interests from taxed upfront schemes eligible for reduction'
    • $2,400 at 'Discount from taxed-upfront schemes - eligible for reduction'.

    Because Apple Bank Ltd will not know Matt's taxable income after adjustments, they report the discount as $2,400, ignoring the $1,000 concession.

    Timeline of events

    Date

    Event

    4 August 2015

    Matt acquires 600 shares with a total market value $3,600.

    Matt pays Apple Bank Ltd $1,200.

    Matt acquires the shares for a $2,400 discount.

    7 July 2016

    Apple Bank Ltd gives Matt his ESS statement.

    14 August 2016

    Apple Bank Ltd must lodge a completed ESS annual report by this date.

     

    End of example

     

    Example 3: Taxed-upfront scheme - not eligible for reduction

    Liam works for Starstruck Ltd and acquires 800 shares in Starstruck Ltd under an ESS on 23 September 2015.

    The total market value of the shares on that day is $4,800. Liam is required to pay $3,900 to purchase the shares; therefore, he acquires the shares for a discount of $900 ($4,800 less $3,900).

    On 9 July 2016 Starstruck Ltd gives Liam an ESS statement as follows:

    Liam's ESS statement, showing $900 at label E

    Liam is completing his 2016 tax return. He writes $900 at E item 12 'Discount from taxed-upfront schemes - not eligible for reduction' on his tax return.

    Because Liam has no other ESS interests, he also writes $900 at B item 12 'Total assessable discount amount' in his tax return.

    Starstruck Ltd will need to include the following information about Liam in the ESS annual report:

    • the number of shares acquired, 800, at 'Number of ESS interests from taxed-upfront schemes not eligible for reduction'
    • $900 at 'Discount from taxed-upfront schemes - not eligible for reduction'.
    Timeline of events

    Date

    Event

    23 September 2015

    Liam acquires 800 shares with a total market value of $4,800. He pays Starstruck Ltd $3,900.

    Liam acquires the shares for a discount of $900.

    9 July 2016

    Starstruck Ltd gives Liam his ESS statement.

    11 August 2016

    Starstruck Ltd lodges a completed ESS annual report.

     

    End of example

     

    Example 4: Tax-deferred scheme

    Casey works for Pace Walker Ltd and acquires 300 shares in Pace Walker Ltd for no consideration on 30 January 2016 under a tax-deferred ESS.

    Pace Walker Ltd does not need to provide an ESS statement to Casey or an ESS annual report to the ATO for the 2016 financial year as the deferred taxing point has not yet occurred.

    A deferred taxing point occurs on 14 February 2018.

    At the deferred taxing point, Casey's shares have a total market value of $2,000. This will also be the discount because the cost base for the shares is nil.

    On 10 July 2018 Pace Walker Ltd gives Casey an ESS statement as follows:

    Casey's ESS statement, showing $2,000 at label F

    Casey is completing his 2018 tax return. He writes $2,000 at F item 12 'Discount from deferral schemes' on his tax return.

    Because Casey has no other ESS interests, he also writes $2,000 at B item 12 'Total assessable discount amount' on his tax return.

    Pace Walker Ltd reports the following information on the ESS annual report that it gives to the ATO by 14 August 2018:

    • 300 at 'Number of ESS interests with a deferred taxing point during the year'
    • $2,000 at 'Discount from deferral schemes'.
    Timeline of events

    Date

    Event

    30 January 2016

    Casey acquires shares under a tax-deferred ESS.

    14 February 2018

    A deferred taxing point occurs in relation to Casey's shares.

    10 July 2018

    Pace Walker Ltd provides an ESS statement to Casey.

    14 August 2018

    Pace Walker Ltd provides an ESS annual report to the ATO by this date.

     

    End of example

     

    Example 5: Multiple schemes

    This example combines taxed-upfront schemes - one eligible for reduction and the other not eligible for reduction - and a tax-deferred scheme with a deferred taxing point.

    Joe works for East Ltd and acquires ESS interests under a number of Employee share schemes in the 2016 and 2018 financial years.

    During the 2016 financial year, Joe acquires 500 rights in East Ltd under a tax-deferred scheme for no consideration. East Ltd does not need to provide an ESS statement to Joe or an ESS annual report to the ATO for the 2016 financial year as the deferred taxing point has not yet occurred.

    On 10 February 2018, Joe acquires 800 shares in East Ltd under a taxed-upfront scheme eligible for reduction. The shares have a market value of $3,500 and Joe pays $1,500. The discount is $2,000 ($3,500 less $1,500).

    On 8 March 2018, Joe acquires 700 shares in East Ltd under a taxed-upfront scheme not eligible for reduction. The shares have a market value of $3,300 and Joe pays $1,100. The discount is $2,200 ($3,300 less $1,100).

    On 30 May 2018, Joe ceases employment. This is Joe's deferred taxing point for the rights he acquired under the tax-deferred scheme. The market value of the rights at the deferred taxing point is $3,100 and the cost base is nil. Therefore, the discount is $3,100.

    On 10 July 2018, East Ltd gives Joe an ESS statement as follows:

    Joe's ESS statement, showing $2,000 at label D, $2,200 at label E and $3,100 at label F

    Joe is eligible for the taxed-upfront scheme concession of $1,000.

    When completing his 2018 tax return, Joe writes:

    • $2,000 at D item 12 'Discount from taxed-upfront schemes - eligible for reduction'
    • $2,200 at E item 12 'Discount from taxed-upfront schemes - not eligible for reduction'
    • $3,100 at F item 12 'Discount from deferral schemes'
    • $6,300 at B item 12 'Total assessable discount amount' in his tax return ($2,000 plus $2,200 plus $3,100 less $1,000 concession).

    On 11 August 2018, East Ltd provides the following information about Joe in the ESS annual report:

    • 800 at 'Number of ESS interests from taxed-upfront schemes eligible for reduction'
    • $2,000 at 'Discount from taxed-upfront schemes - eligible for reduction'
    • 700 at 'Number of ESS interests from taxed-upfront schemes not eligible for reduction'
    • $2,200 at 'Discount from taxed-upfront schemes - not eligible for reduction'
    • 500 at 'Number of ESS interests with a deferred taxing point arising during the year'
    • $3,100 at 'Discount from deferral schemes'.
    Timeline of events

    Date

    Event

    2016 financial year

    Joe acquires 500 rights under a tax-deferred ESS.

    10 February 2018

    Joe acquires 800 shares under a taxed-upfront scheme eligible for reduction.

    The shares have a market value of $3,500 and Joe pays $1,500. Joe's discount is $2,000.

    8 March 2018

    Joe acquires 700 shares under a taxed-upfront scheme not eligible for reduction.

    The shares have a market value of $3,300 and Joe pays $1,100. Joe's discount is $2,200.

    30 May 2018

    Joe ceases employment. This is the deferred taxing point for Joe's rights acquired under the tax-deferred scheme.

    The market value of the 500 rights at this time is $3,100 and the cost base is nil. Joe's discount is $3,100.

    10 July 2018

    East Ltd gives Joe his ESS statement.

    11 August 2018

    East Ltd gives a completed ESS annual report to the ATO.

     

    End of example

     

    Example 6: Amendment to ESS statement, ESS annual report and tax return for a taxed-upfront scheme eligible for reduction

    Astrid is employed by Bubble Ltd, and acquires 200 shares in her employer's ESS during the 2016 financial year.

    On 10 July 2016 Astrid receives the following ESS statement from Bubble Ltd for the 2016 financial year:

    Astrid's ESS statement, showing $2,112 at label D.

    Astrid lodges her 2016 tax return using the ESS statement.

    She writes $2,112 at D item 12 'Discount from taxed-upfront schemes - eligible for reduction' on her tax return.

    Astrid is eligible for the upfront concession of $1,000 and writes $1,112 ($2,112 discount less $1,000 concession) at B item 12 'Total assessable discount amount' on her tax return.

    On 14 August 2016, Bubble Ltd includes the following information about Astrid in their ESS annual report:

    • 200 at 'Number of ESS interests from taxed-upfront schemes eligible for reduction'
    • $2,112 at 'Discount from taxed-upfront schemes - eligible for reduction'.

    On 4 September 2016, Bubble Ltd's accountant Mary is preparing the company's 2016 tax return. When she checks the company's records against the ESS annual report, Mary notices a discrepancy. The ESS annual report shows that the total discount given, in relation to ESS interests acquired by employees during the 2016 financial year, is $900 higher than the figure in the company's records.

    Mary discovers that the discrepancy relates to Astrid. Where Bubble Ltd had reported $2,112 at 'Discount from taxed-upfront schemes - eligible for reduction' in the ESS annual report, they should have reported $1,212. The error was also in the ESS statement the company gave to Astrid.

    Bubble Ltd must tell both Astrid and the ATO about the error within 30 days of becoming aware of it. Bubble Ltd gives Astrid an amended ESS statement for the 2016 financial year on 10 September 2016 as follows:

    Astrid's amended ESS statement, showing $1,212 at label D

    Bubble Ltd also lodges an amended ESS annual report for the 2016 financial year to the ATO on 10 September 2016, including the following information about Astrid's amended details:

    • 200 at 'Number of ESS interests from taxed-upfront schemes eligible for reduction'
    • $1,212 at 'Discount from taxed-upfront schemes - eligible for reduction'.

    On 30 September 2016, Astrid requests an amendment to her 2016 tax return. On her amendment she writes:

    • $1,212 at D item 12 'Discount from taxed-upfront schemes - eligible for reduction'
    • $212 at B item 12 'Total assessable discount amount' ($1,212 discount less $1,000 concession).

    Timeline of events

    Date

    Event

    10 July 2016

    Bubble Ltd gives Astrid her ESS statement.

    14 August 2016

    Bubble Ltd lodges an ESS annual report.

    4 September 2016

    Bubble Ltd's accountant, Mary, discovers the ESS annual report overstated Astrid's discount by $900.

    10 September 2016

    Bubble Ltd gives an amended ESS statement to Astrid and lodges an amended ESS annual report with the ATO within 30 days of becoming aware of the error.

    30 September 2016

    Astrid requests an amendment for her 2011 tax return.

     

    End of example

     

    Example 7: Amendment to ESS statement, ESS annual report and tax return as rights lapse after deferred taxing point in tax-deferred scheme

    Kathleen works for Snow Ltd and acquires 400 rights to acquire shares in Snow Ltd for no consideration on 7 February 2016 under a tax-deferred ESS.

    Snow Ltd does not need to provide an ESS statement to Kathleen or an ESS annual report to the ATO for the 2016 financial year because the deferred taxing point has not yet occurred.

    Kathleen ceases employment on 14 April 2017 and a deferred taxing point occurs. She is allowed to keep her rights.

    At the deferred taxing point, Kathleen's rights have a total market value of $2,000.

    On 10 July 2017, Snow Ltd gives Kathleen an ESS statement for the 2017 financial year as follows:

    Kathleen's ESS statement, showing $2,000 at label F

    Kathleen lodges a tax return using the ESS statement.

    Snow Ltd reports the following information on the ESS annual report and gives it to the ATO by 14 August 2017:

    • 400 at 'Number of ESS interests with a deferred taxing point arising during the year'
    • $2,000 at 'Discount from deferral schemes'.

    On 7 February 2019, Kathleen's rights lapse because specified performance hurdles have not been met. The performance hurdles did not protect Kathleen against market risk.

    The earlier deferred taxing point is now disregarded. Snow Ltd is required to provide an amended statement for the 2017 financial year to Kathleen and the ATO within 30 days of the rights lapsing.

    On 21 February 2019, Snow Ltd gives Kathleen an amended ESS statement for the 2017 financial year as follows:

    Kathleen's amended ESS statement, showing $0 at label F

    Snow Ltd lodges an amended ESS annual report for the 2017 financial year with the ATO, including the following amended information about Kathleen:

    • nil at 'Discount from deferral schemes'.

    Kathleen requests an amendment to her 2017 tax return to remove the discount.

    Snow Ltd is only required to provide an amended report to employees if they have already had a deferred taxing point when the rights lapse.

    Timeline of events

    Date

    Event

    7 February 2016

    Kathleen acquires rights under a tax-deferred ESS.

    14 April 2017

    A deferred taxing point occurs in relation to Kathleen's rights.

    10 July 2017

    Snow Ltd provides an ESS statement to Kathleen.

    8 August 2017

    Snow Ltd provides an ESS annual report to the ATO.

    7 February 2019

    Kathleen's rights subsequently lapse.

    21 February 2019

    Snow Ltd provides an amended statement to Kathleen and lodges an amended ESS annual report with the ATO.

    28 February 2019

    Kathleen requests an amendment for her 2017 tax return.

     

    End of example

     

    Example 8: Taxed-upfront scheme - not eligible for reduction with amendments to indeterminate rights

    This example follows on from example 2, where Matt received shares in a taxed-upfront scheme eligible for reduction with a discount of $2,400.

    On 14 April 2016, Matt is granted a right to an employment benefit by his employer Apple Bank Ltd. Matt pays no consideration for the right.

    The right is not subject to a real risk of forfeiture.

    The right will be satisfied on 14 April 2019. At that time, Apple Bank Ltd will determine whether to satisfy the right with cash or Apple Bank Ltd shares.

    On 14 April 2019, Apple Bank Ltd decides to give Matt 1,000 shares. The right that Matt acquired on 14 April 2016 is now treated as if it had always been rights to acquire 1,000 shares. Those rights were acquired under a taxed-upfront scheme not eligible for reduction.

    The market value of the rights on 14 April 2016 was $4,000. Because Matt paid no consideration for the rights, the discount on the rights is $4,000.

    Within 30 days of Apple Bank Ltd determining that Matt would receive 1,000 shares, they must give Matt an amended ESS statement for the 2016 financial year. On 10 May 2014, Apple Bank Ltd gives Matt an amended ESS statement as follows:

    Matt's ESS statement, showing $2,400 at label D and $4,000 at label E.

    Apple Bank Ltd also lodges an amended ESS annual report for the 2016 financial year with the ATO on 10 May 2019, including the following information about Matt's amended details:

    • 1,000 at 'Number of ESS interests from taxed-upfront schemes - not eligible for reduction'
    • $4,000 at 'Discount from taxed-upfront schemes - not eligible for reduction'
    • 600 at 'Number of ESS interests from taxed-upfront schemes - eligible for reduction'
    • $2,400 at 'Discount from taxed-upfront schemes - eligible for reduction'.

    Ordinarily, Matt's assessment could only be amended within a two-year period. Because Matt receives a discount on a right that became rights to acquire shares, he must amend his 2016 tax return to include the discount income, despite the period being greater than two years.

    Matt requests an amendment to his 2016 tax return on 6 June 2019. On his amendment he writes:

    • $4,000 at E 'Discount from taxed-upfront schemes - not eligible for reduction'
    • $5,400 at B item 12 'Total assessable discount amount' ($2,400 plus $4,000 less $1,000 concession).
    Timeline of events

    Date

    Event

    14 April 2016

    Apple Bank Ltd provides Matt with a right to an employment benefit for nil consideration. The right entitles Matt to acquire, at Apple Bank Ltd's discretion, either shares or cash at some time in the future.

    14 April 2019

    Apple Bank Ltd decides to give Matt 1,000 shares to satisfy his rights. The right that Matt acquired on 14 April 2016 is now treated as if it had always been rights to acquire 1,000 shares. The rights to 1,000 shares had a market value of $4,000 at acquisition on 14 April 2016.

    10 May 2019

    Within 30 days of deciding to give Matt shares to satisfy his rights, Apple Bank Ltd gives an amended ESS statement to Matt and gives an amended ESS annual report to the ATO, for the 2016 financial year.

    6 June 2019

    Matt requests an amendment for his 2016 tax return.

     

    End of example

     

    Example 9: Indeterminate rights and tax-deferred ESS

    On 10 February 2016, Lucy is granted a right to an employment benefit by her employer Pretty Posies Ltd. Lucy pays no consideration for the right.

    The right will be satisfied on 10 February 2019 and Pretty Posies Ltd will determine whether to satisfy the right with cash or shares.

    On 10 February 2019, Pretty Posies Ltd decides to give Lucy 1,000 shares. The right granted to Lucy on 10 February 2016 is now treated as if it had always been rights to acquire 1,000 shares. Lucy acquired those rights under a tax-deferred ESS because they were subject to a real risk of forfeiture.

    Pretty Posies Ltd does not need to provide an ESS statement to Lucy or an ESS annual report to the ATO for the 2016 financial year (the year of acquisition) because the deferred taxing point did not occur in that year.

    A deferred taxing point occurred for the rights on 23 January 2019 when Lucy ceased employment. The market value of the rights on 23 January 2019 is $3,300 and the cost base is nil. Therefore, the discount on her rights is $3,300.

    On 12 July 2019, Pretty Posies Ltd gives Lucy an ESS statement as follows:

    Lucy's ESS statement, showing $3,300 at label F

    When Lucy completes her 2019 tax return, she writes $3,300 at F item 12 'Discount from deferral schemes'. As Lucy has no other ESS interests, she also writes $3,300 at B item 12 'Total assessable discount amount'.

    On 14 August 2019 Pretty Posies Ltd include the following information about Lucy in their ESS annual report:

    • 1,000, at 'Number of ESS interests with a deferred taxing point arising during the year'
    • $3,300 at 'Discount from deferral schemes'.

    Timeline of events

    Date

    Event

    10 February 2016

    Pretty Posies Ltd provides Lucy with a right to an employment benefit for no consideration. The right entitles Lucy to acquire either shares or cash at some time in the future, at Pretty Posies Ltd's discretion.

    23 January 2019

    Lucy ceases employment at Pretty Posies Ltd.

    10 February 2019

    Pretty Posies Ltd provides Lucy with 1,000 shares to satisfy her right.

    Lucy's right to an employment benefit is treated as if it had always been rights to acquire 1,000 shares.

    Those rights were acquired under a tax-deferred scheme on 10 February 2016.

    The deferred taxing point for those rights occurred on 23 January 2019.

    The discount on Lucy's rights is $3,300, which is the market value of the rights at the deferred taxing point of 23 January 2019.

    12 July 2019

    Pretty Posies Ltd gives Lucy her ESS statement for the 2019 financial year.

    14 August 2019

    Pretty Posies Ltd lodges a completed ESS annual report with the ATO for the 2019 financial year.

     

    End of example

     

    Example 10: Indeterminate rights acquired before 1 July 2009 under an ESS

    On 18 May 2009, Hilda is granted a right to an employment benefit by her employer Puppy Ltd. Hilda pays no consideration for the right.

    The right will be satisfied on 1 January 2016 and Puppy Ltd will determine whether to satisfy the right with cash or shares.

    On 12 August 2015, Hilda ceases employment with Puppy Ltd.

    On 1 January 2016, Puppy Ltd decides to give Hilda 1,000 shares. The right that Hilda acquired on 18 May 2009 is now treated as if it had always been rights to acquire 1,000 shares. As Hilda acquired the rights before 1 July 2009, they were acquired under an ESS where the previous law applies.

    For the purpose of the example, the rights are qualifying rights. For reporting purposes, Puppy Ltd will report the discount on the rights for the income year in which the cessation time occurs, whether or not Hilda made an election to be taxed upfront. Puppy Ltd will report on the basis that the cessation time occurred when Hilda ceased employment on 12 August 2015.

    The market value of the rights on 12 August 2015 is $2,541 and the cost base is nil. Therefore, the discount is $2,541.

    Hilda has no other ESS events in the 2016 financial year.

    On 12 July 2016, Puppy Ltd gives Hilda an ESS statement as follows:

    Hilda's ESS statement, showing $2,541 at label G

    Puppy Ltd includes $2,541 at 'Discount on ESS interests acquired pre-1 July 2009 and 'cessation time' occurred during the financial year' when reporting Hilda's details to the ATO in the ESS annual report.

    Timeline of events

    Date

    Event

    18 May 2009

    Puppy Ltd provides Hilda with a right to an employment benefit for no consideration. The right entitles Hilda to acquire either shares or cash at some time in the future, at Puppy Ltd's discretion.

    12 August 2015

    Hilda ceases employment with Puppy Ltd.

    1 January 2016

    Puppy Ltd provides Hilda with 1,000 shares to satisfy her right.

    The right Hilda acquired on 18 May 2009 is treated as if it had always been rights to acquire 1,000 shares.

    Puppy Ltd reports on the basis that Hilda has a cessation time on 12 August 2016 when she ceased employment. Puppy Ltd reports on the basis that Hilda did not make an election.

    12 July 2016

    Puppy Ltd gives Hilda her ESS statement.

    14 August 2016

    Puppy Ltd lodges a completed ESS annual report with the ATO by this date.

     

    End of example

     

    Example 11: Shares acquired under a tax-deferred scheme and sold within 30 days of the deferred taxing point (the 30-day rule applies)

    On 23 June 2016, Wyatt acquires 400 shares in his employer Pepper Pines Ltd under an ESS. He pays no consideration for the shares.

    Wyatt cannot dispose of his shares for three years and the shares will be forfeited if he ceases employment within three years.

    Pepper Pines Ltd is not required to provide Wyatt with an ESS statement or the ATO with an ESS annual report for the 2016 financial year as both of the following apply:

    • the only ESS interests that Wyatt received from Pepper Pines Ltd in the 2016 financial year were acquired under a tax-deferred scheme
    • a deferred taxing point did not occur during the 2016 financial year.

    On 23 June 2019, Wyatt is still employed with Pepper Pines Ltd. At this time, his shares are no longer at risk of forfeiture and no longer subject to disposal restrictions. At this stage, the deferred taxing point is 23 June 2019.

    The market value of the shares on 23 June 2019 is $1,400 and the cost base of the shares is nil. Therefore, the discount on Wyatt's shares is $1,400.

    On 14 July 2019 Pepper Pines Ltd gives Wyatt an ESS statement as follows:

    Wyatt's ESS statement, showing $1,400 at label F

    On 20 July 2019, Wyatt sells the 400 shares he acquired under the tax-deferred scheme, for a total of $1,518. He sells his shares on market and Pepper Pines Ltd is aware of the sale. As the sale is within 30 days of the deferred taxing point, the taxing point now becomes 20 July 2019 in accordance with the 30-day rule.

    Pepper Pines Ltd must now give Wyatt an amended ESS statement within 30 days of becoming aware of the disposal, resulting in a change to the taxing point and discount.

    The market value of the shares on 20 July 2019 is the amount Wyatt received from selling the shares, $1,518. As Wyatt paid nothing for the shares and incurred no costs, the cost base of the shares is nil. Therefore, the discount on the shares is $1,518.

    Due to the 30-day rule, Wyatt must include his discount on his 2020 tax return, not his 2019 tax return.

    On 30 July 2019, Pepper Pines Ltd gives Wyatt an amended ESS statement, removing the discount from tax-deferred schemes, as follows:

    Wyatt's amended ESS statement, showing 0 at label F.

    On 12 July 2020, Pepper Pines Ltd, gives Wyatt an ESS statement, including the discount received from tax-deferred schemes, as follows:

    Wyatt's ESS statement, showing $1,518 at label F.

    Wyatt has no other ESS events in the 2020 financial year. When Wyatt completes his 2020 tax return, he writes $1,518 at F item 12 'Discount from deferral schemes'. As Wyatt has no other ESS interests, he also writes $1,518 at B item 12 'Total assessable discount amount'.

    Pepper Pines Ltd includes $1,518 at 'Discount from deferral schemes' when reporting Wyatt's details in their 2020 ESS annual report on 12 August 2020.

    Timeline of events

    Date

    Event

    23 June 2016

    Wyatt acquires 400 shares under a tax-deferred scheme.

    23 June 2019

    The deferred taxing point occurs.

    The market value of the shares is $1,400.

    Wyatt's discount is $1,400 (his cost base is nil).

    14 July 2019

    Pepper Pines Ltd gives Wyatt his ESS statement for the 2019 financial year.

    20 July 2019

    Wyatt sells the 400 shares for $1,518 (within in 30 days of the deferred taxing point).

    This is now the deferred taxing point.

    Wyatt's discount is now $1,518 (his cost base is nil).

    Pepper Pines Ltd is aware of the sale.

    30 July 2019

    Pepper Pines Ltd gives Wyatt an amended ESS statement for the 2019 financial year, within 30 days of becoming aware of the change to the taxing point and discount.

    12 July 2020

    Pepper Pines Ltd gives Wyatt his ESS statement for the 2020 financial year.

    12 August 2020

    Pepper Pines Ltd gives their 2020 ESS annual report to the ATO.

     

    End of example

     

    Example 12: Employer reporting where the company's insider trading policy requires board approval

    In April 2011, Boots Co provides its employees with rights to acquire shares under a tax-deferred scheme with a real risk of forfeiture for a three-year period.

    Under the conditions of the scheme, employees are required to comply with the share trading policy of Boots Co for shares acquired in satisfaction of the rights.

    Some employees are considered likely to be in possession of inside information (restricted employees) and are prohibited from dealing in the shares unless cleared by the board.

    For reporting purposes, Boots Co needs to take reasonable steps to accurately identify the financial year that the deferred taxing point arises.

    In April 2014, employees receive shares in satisfaction of rights. This is the deferred taxing point for the shares transferred to Boots Co employees, unless the employee is a restricted employee that either:

    • is in possession of inside information and has records that provide evidence of having that information
    • within 10 business days of receiving the shares in satisfaction of the rights, has made a request to trade and that request has been refused by the board.

    For 2013–14, Boots Co reports as follows:

    Boots Co provides an ESS statement and includes the discount at F item 12 'Discount from deferral schemes' for:

    • all employees that are not restricted employees
    • all restricted employees, unless the restricted employee either     
    • has advised the company that they have possession of inside information
    • has submitted a request to trade that was refused within 10 business days of receiving the shares.

    Boots Co provides an ESS annual report to the ATO for all employees receiving an ESS statement.

    For those restricted employees that Boots Co does not report in 2013–14:

    • Boots Co requires the restricted employees to advise when they are no longer in possession of inside information and Boots Co will record this date as the deferred taxing point
    • Boots Co advises the employees that it will report on the basis that a deferred taxing point has occurred at the beginning of the next financial quarter, unless the employee either     
    • advises them that they are still in possession of inside information
    • makes a request to trade and that request is refused within 10 business days of the beginning of the next financial quarter.

    Boots Co continues to report on this basis.

    See also:

    End of example
      Last modified: 12 Jul 2016QC 23058