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  • myTax 2020 Trusts

    This section relates to your distributions from trusts. Complete this section if:

    • you received, or were entitled to
      • income from a trust
      • a credit for amounts of tax paid on, or amounts withheld from, trust income
      • a share of the 'National Rental Affordability Scheme' tax offset, or
    • you had an interest in a trust that made a loss from primary production.

    If your trust income is from a managed fund, you should show this information at Managed funds.

    On this page:

    Things to know

    Attention

    Warning:

    This information may not apply to the current year. Check the content carefully to ensure it is applicable to your circumstances.

    End of attention

    A trust is not a separate taxable entity, but the trustee must lodge a tax return for the trust.

    Generally, the beneficiaries of the trust declare the amount of their entitlement to the trust income in their own tax return and pay tax on it – even if they didn’t actually receive the income.

    An exception to this is, you don’t need to declare a trust distribution if family trust distribution tax has already been paid.

    If you were entitled to an amount of trust income at 30 June 2020, you need to include your share of the net income of the trust in your 2019–20 tax return even if you did not receive an amount from the trust until after 30 June 2020.

    The amount of your share of the trust's net income (for tax purposes) may be different from the actual distribution which you receive or are entitled to receive from the trust.

    Your trustee should provide you with details about your share of the trust's net income or all of your trust entitlements.

    Remember, you can't claim a deduction for:

    • amounts already claimed by the trust, or
    • expenses incurred in deriving exempt income or non-assessable non-exempt income (for example, expenses incurred in deriving distributions on which family trust distribution tax or trustee beneficiary non-disclosure tax has been paid).

    If the trust made an overall loss for tax law purposes in 2019–20, the loss is retained in the trust. You will have no share of the net income of the trust. For more information, phone 13 28 61.

    If you are the principal beneficiary of a special disability trust you are considered to be entitled to all of the income of the trust.

    See also:

    Do not show at this section

    Don't show the following income or offsets at this section:

    • Income from a public trading trust or a corporate unit trust, go to Dividends.
    • A capital gain from a trust (unless instructed otherwise), go to Capital gains or losses.
      If the trust income you received, or are entitled to, includes an amount described as tax-free, tax deferred, tax exempted or as a capital gains tax (CGT) concession, you should read the information on non-assessable payments in Guide to capital gains tax.
      Such amounts may be relevant in determining the amount of a net capital gain you show at Capital gains or losses or may affect the cost base of your unit or trust interest.
    • Any distribution in relation to a foreign resident capital gains withholding credit, go to Capital gains or losses.
    • Attributed foreign income from a trust (unless instructed otherwise), go to Foreign entities.
    • Any Australian franking credits from a New Zealand franking company, go to Other foreign income. Note you can't claim New Zealand imputation credits.
    • Any other foreign source income from a trust (unless instructed otherwise), go to Other foreign income.
    • Your entitlement to an early stage venture capital limited partnership (ESVCLP) tax offset as a beneficiary of a trust, go to Early stage venture capital limited partnership.
    • Your entitlement to an early stage investor tax offset as a beneficiary of a trust, go to Early stage investor.
    • Part of a distribution which relates to an amount of trust income on which family trust distribution tax has been paid, go to Amount on which family trust distribution tax has been paid.
    • Share of credits for tax paid by the trustee if you are the principal beneficiary of a special disability trust, go to Other refundable tax offsets.

    Completing this section

    To complete this section you will need:

    To personalise your return to show trusts, at Personalise return select:

    • You were a sole trader or had business income or losses, partnership or trust distributions (not from a managed fund)
    • Trusts

    To show your trust details, at Prepare return select 'Add/Edit' at the Business/sole trader, partnership and trust income (including loss details) banner.

    At the Trusts banner:

    1. Select Net trust income to expand the section.
    2. Add up your share of trust Primary production income and deductions, and enter the total in the corresponding fields (myTax will automatically calculate the Net primary production amount).
      Ensure that your share of any primary production non-concessional managed investment trust income and primary production excluded from non-concessional managed investment trust income is included.

      Exception for primary producers
      You may still be eligible for income averaging where the trust reports a loss. While beneficiaries of fixed trusts that report a loss continue to be eligible for income averaging, beneficiaries of discretionary trusts are now required to meet some additional requirements.
      If you are an eligible beneficiary and you show nothing so far, enter 0 at Net income from trusts.
      The Depreciation and capital allowances tool can help you to work out any decline in value. It can also work out any deductible balancing adjustment when you stop holding a depreciating asset. Access this tool in the Deductions section on the Prepare return screen.
      Fields from this tool can't be adjusted in myTax. To make any adjustments, or to add new assets to the tool, select the 'Use the depreciation and capital allowances tool' link.
    3. Add up your share of trust Non-primary production income and deductions, and enter the total in the corresponding fields (myTax will automatically calculate the Net non-primary production amount).  
      Ensure that your share of any non-primary production non-concessional managed investment trust income and non-primary production excluded from non-concessional managed investment trust income is included.
      The Depreciation and capital allowances tool can help you to work out any decline in value. It can also work out any deductible balancing adjustment when you stop holding a depreciating asset. Access this tool in the Deductions section on the Prepare return screen.
      Fields from this tool can't be adjusted in myTax. To make any adjustments, or to add new assets to the tool, select the 'Use the depreciation and capital allowances tool' link.
    4. Add up your trust share of credits from income and tax offsets, and enter the total in the corresponding fields.
      • Franking credits from franked dividends – you can only claim a share of a franking credit which relates to the share of a franked dividend paid to a trust which is indirectly included in the amount of:
        • trust income you show at Net income from trusts, less capital gains, foreign income and franked distributions
        • franked distribution you show at Franked distributions from trusts.
      • If you enter an amount at Tax paid by trustee, you will need to:  
        • select the Situation
        • enter the Share of income and Tax credits.
        • For more information, see Tax paid by trustee.
      • Credit for foreign resident withholding amounts (excluding capital gains) – include income you:
        • received as an Australian resident where an amount of tax was withheld because of the imposition of non-resident withholding tax or managed investment trust withholding tax
        • derived as a foreign resident from which an amount of tax was withheld because of the operation of the foreign resident withholding rules.
    5. Select Save.
    6. Select Save and continue when you have completed the Business/sole trader, partnership and trust income (including loss details) section.

    Notes

    • If you received, or were entitled to trust income as a special professional you must also enter the amount of this taxable professional income in the Other income section. This includes income from activities as an author, an inventor, performing artist, production associate or active sportsperson.
    • You may be entitled to the small business income tax offset if either of the following apply:
      • your share of net income included a share of net small business income
      • you had a farm management repayment or other amount you received as a beneficiary in a small business entity.

    See also:

    Statement of distribution or advice from the trustee

    A statement of distribution or advice from the trustee may show the following details in relation to your share trust net income for tax purposes:  

    • the amount of any
      • primary production income or loss
      • non-primary production income or loss
    • the amount of any franked distribution from a trust
    • the amount of net small business income from a small business entity trust
    • the amount of capital gains, attributed foreign income and other foreign source income
    • the amount of any income on which family trust distribution tax or trustee beneficiary non-disclosure tax has been paid
    • that you are a chosen beneficiary if you are the beneficiary of a discretionary primary production trust that has made a loss
    • your entitlement to any of the following credits or tax offsets  
      • credit for amounts of tax withheld because the trust failed to quote its Australian business number
      • credit for amounts of tax withheld by the trustee of a closely held trust because you did not provide your TFN
      • credit for amounts of tax withheld due to the imposition of non-resident withholding tax or managed investment trust withholding tax from trust income you received when you were a resident
      • share of the 'national rental affordability scheme' tax offset
      • allowable franking credits from franked dividends
      • credit for tax file number amounts withheld
      • credit for tax paid by the trustee.

    Contact the trustee if you:

    • have not received a statement of distribution or advice
    • think that any details are wrong or are missing from the statement of distribution or advice you received from the trust.

    Your statement of distribution or advice may show that your share of the trust's net capital gain is more than the overall amount of your share of the trust's net income (for tax purposes), for example because it shows a share of primary production or non-primary production loss. In this situation, there may be a limit to the amount of the net capital gain component that you exclude from Net income from trusts, less capital gains, foreign income and franked distributions and show at Capital gains or losses. For more information, see the Guide to capital gains tax.

    Expense and tax credit information

    Find out about:

    Primary production

    Visit Primary production activities to learn more about who is a primary producer.

    Other deductions

    If a trustee incurred eligible expenditure on landcare operations, water facilities, fencing assets or fodder storage assets, then only the trustee, not a beneficiary of the trust, can claim deductions for that expenditure.

    Include at Other deductions your share of Enter the total of any other deductions that you can claim in relateion to your share of to primary production income of a trust that you can claim this year.

    If you are the beneficiary of a discretionary trust you would not normally be able to claim a deduction for expenses you incurred in relation to your share of any net income of the trust under the general deduction provisions. This is because at the time you incurred the expense, you were not entitled to any income of the trust.

    See also:

    Non-primary production

    Other deductions

    If a trustee incurred eligible expenditure on landcare operations, only the trustee, not a beneficiary of the trust, can claim deductions for that expenditure.

    If you are the beneficiary of a discretionary trust you would not normally be able to claim a deduction for expenses you incurred in relation to your share of any net income of the trust under the general deduction provisions. This is because at the time you incurred the expense, you would not have been entitled to any income of the trust.

    Include at Other deductions your share of any other deductions that relate to non-primary production income of a trust that you can claim this year, including deductions relating to franked distributions from trusts.

    See also:

    Franking credits

    Enter your share of any allowable franking credits which you are entitled to claim as a franking tax offset through a trust at Franking credit from franked dividends.

    You can only claim a share of a franking credit which relates to the share of a franked dividend paid to a trust which is indirectly included in the amount of:

    • trust income you show at Net income from trusts, less capital gains, foreign income and franked distributions
    • franked distribution you show at Franked distributions from trusts.

    Therefore, you can't claim a franking credit for a dividend paid to the trust which was exempt income or non-assessable non-exempt income (for example, a distribution on which family trust distribution tax or trustee beneficiary non-disclosure tax has been paid).

    You can't claim a share of a franking credit through a trust in the following circumstances:

    • the trust has an overall loss for tax purposes for 2019–20
    • you did not show an amount at Franked distributions from trusts, or
    • the amount of income from the trust you have shown at Net income from trusts, less capital gains, foreign income and franked distributions is not attributable to the franked dividend which has generated the franking credit.

    In addition, you may not be entitled to claim the franking credits if:

    • within 45 days of buying the shares (90 days for certain preference shares), you either sold them or entered into an arrangement to reduce the risk of making a loss on them
    • you were under an obligation to make, or were likely to make, a related payment, or
    • you received a dividend as a result of a dividend washing arrangement.

    These rules apply to your interests in the shares held by the trust (other than widely held trusts) in the same way that the rules apply to shares you own directly.

    For more information on these rules, see When you are not entitled to claim a franking tax offset.

    Tax paid by trustee

    Non-resident trust

    If you were an Australian resident, you may be able to claim a credit for Australian withholding tax you have borne on any Australian:

    • source dividend
    • interest
    • royalty, or
    • payment from an Australian managed investment trust included in the income of a non-resident trust to which you are entitled. A non-resident trust is a trust which, for all of 2019–20  
      • only had non-resident trustees, and
      • had its central management and control outside Australia.

    Legal disability

    If you were under a legal disability you may be able to claim a credit for the tax that the trustee has paid on your share of the trust's net income. You are considered to be under a legal disability if you:

    • were under 18 years old on 30 June 2020
    • were a person who is bankrupt, or
    • had been declared legally incapable because of a mental condition.

    Foreign resident

    If you were not an Australian resident you may be able to claim a credit for the tax that the trustee has paid on your share of income from a resident trust.

      Last modified: 01 Jun 2020QC 62486