• Taxi drivers and operators

    The main activities for businesses in this industry are providing road passenger transportation services, including hire car services with driver and taxi cab services.

    Input benchmarks

    You may find the input benchmarks useful in calculating the expected range of income for taxi operators and drivers based on kilometres travelled or fuel used.

    They have been developed in consultation with industry participants.

    They represent the industry norm. You should consider your own personal circumstances when using the input benchmarks to assess your situation.

    Input benchmark guide

    The table below sets out benchmarks for taxi operators.

    You can use this benchmark to compare and check your business performance to the taxi industry average.

    Benchmark guide – per taxi

    Fuel consumption (LPG) - litres per 100 kilometres

    18

    Total litres of fuel (LPG) consumed during year

    27,000

    Fuel consumption (ULP) - litres per 100 kilometres

    13.3

    Total litres of fuel (ULP) consumed during year

    20,000

    Fuel cost - percentage of gross taxi income

    8% – 16%

    Total kilometres travelled during year
    (from your records or calculated from fuel figures)

    150,000

    Total litres of fuel per shift (LPG)

    54

    Total litres of fuel per shift (ULP)

    40

    Notes:

    • Regional factors may affect total kilometres travelled, gross income and fuel consumption
    • Fuel consumption for LPG is the equivalent of 5.55 kilometres per litre
    • Fuel consumption for ULP is the equivalent of 7.5 kilometres per litre

    For more information on the cents per kilometre rate (CPK), including rates for previous years, refer to Taxi cents per kilometre rates.

    Input benchmark – sales turnover

    You can use this benchmark to:

    • calculate your income
    • compare your income against the taxi industry average
    • check that records accurately reflect your income.

    Income guide - taxi operator (per taxi)

    Total kilometres travelled during year

    150,000

    Cents per kilometre rate – 2013

    $1.30

    Total fares (kilometres x CPK rate)

    $195,000

    Total shifts worked during year

    500

    Bailment arrangement (average percentage of total fares)

    50%

    Income from bailment (at 50% of total fares)

    $97,500

    Income guide - taxi drivers

    Average shifts worked during year

    225

    Average kilometres per shift

    300

    Total kilometres travelled during year (average shifts x average kilometres travelled)

    67,500

    Cents per kilometre rate – 2013

    $1.30

    Total fares per shift (average km per shift x CPK rate )

    $390

    Total fares (total fares per shift x average shifts)

    $87,750

    Notes:

    • Regional factors may affect total kilometres travelled, gross income and fuel consumption
    • All dollar amounts are GST inclusive

    Follow the links below for information on:

    Input benchmark examples

    Example 1

    Norman is a taxi operator in a metropolitan area. He owns five taxis, each travelling an average of 160,000 kilometres per year. The total distance travelled for all five taxis is 800,000 kilometres.

    Norman is worried about his record keeping so he checks his estimated income against the benchmarks. Norman receives 50% of the fares for each taxi. His records show total fares of $780,000. His share of the fares is $390,000.

    Using the 2013 cents per kilometre rate of $1.30, he calculates the total fares for all five taxis should be $1,040,000. Norman calculates his share of the total should be $520,000 under his standard 50% bailment arrangement.

    Norman's recorded income doesn't match the benchmarks. He asks his bookkeeper for advice on keeping better records.

    Example 2

    George is a taxi driver. According to his log book for 2012–13, George worked 150 shifts and took total fares of $44,000 (including GST).

    George calculates that his total fares per shift are $293, which is below the benchmark of $390.

    George decides to seek advice on his record keeping.

    Example 3

    Jeff, a Sydney taxi driver, has purchased 12,000 litres of LPG.

    According to the fuel usage benchmarks, of 18 litres per hundred kilometres, Jeff's taxi should have travelled about 66,670 kilometres. Using the benchmark cents per kilometre rate Jeff should have taken total fares of $86,671. His records show total fares of only $85,337.

    As this is close to the benchmark, Jeff is reasonably confident that he has correctly recorded all his fares.

    End of example

    See also:

    Small business benchmarks

      Last modified: 25 Feb 2016QC 43674