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  • What is the reduced cost base?



    This information may not apply to the current year. Check the content carefully to ensure it is applicable to your circumstances.

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    When a CGT event happens to a CGT asset and you haven't made a capital gain, you need the asset's reduced cost base to work out whether you have made a capital loss. (Remember, you can only use a capital loss to reduce a capital gain - you cannot use it to reduce other income.)

    Elements of the reduced cost base

    The reduced cost base of a CGT asset has the same five elements as the cost base, except for the third element:

    1. money or property given for the asset
    2. incidental costs of the CGT event or of acquiring the CGT asset
    3. balancing adjustment amount - any amount that is assessable because of a balancing adjustment for the asset or that would be assessable if certain balancing adjustment relief were not available
    4. capital costs to increase or preserve the value of your asset or to install or move it, and
    5. capital costs of preserving or defending your title or rights to your asset.

    These elements are not indexed.

    You need to work out the amount for each element then add the amounts together to find out your reduced cost base for the relevant CGT asset.

    If you are registered for GST, you reduce each element of the reduced cost base of the asset by the amount of any GST net input tax credits in relation to that element.

    The reduced cost base does not include any costs you have incurred for which you have claimed a tax deduction or have omitted to claim, but can still claim, a deduction because the period for amending the relevant income tax assessment has not expired - for example, capital works deductions for capital expenditure.

    Example: Capital works deduction: effect on reduced cost base

    Danuta acquired a new income-producing asset on 28 September 1999 for $100,000. She sold it for $90,000 in November 2005. During the period she owned it she claimed capital works deductions of $7,500 for expenditure she incurred. Her capital loss is worked out as follows:

    Cost base


    less capital works deductions


    Reduced cost base


    less capital proceeds


    Capital loss



    End of example
    Last modified: 21 Apr 2020QC 18504