• 6. Data Fusion Centre


    Glen Prichard and Sharyn Johns (ACC)

    • The Criminal Intelligence Fusion Capability (Fusion) is more than a data centre, it extends across collections, data and analytics, monitoring and analysis and leads generation.
    • The fusion capability is a 4 year project to build a comprehensive information intelligence picture of organised crime. It is one of the strategic priorities that came from the organised crime strategic framework released in November 2009. Its intent is to increase the capability of government, law enforcement regulatory agencies to integrate data and criminal information to identify patterns of crime with individuals, businesses and corporate structures involved in criminal activity, locally and overseas that impact on Australia.
    • Real 'Fusion' is about integrating data, capabilities, people (i.e. knowledge experts) and systems together and ultimately delivering intelligence on previously unknown threats. It identifies patterns, trends, entities, criminal enterprises, threat and risk, and produces timely intelligence on the threats nationally and identifies unknown emerging opportunities and vulnerabilities.
    • Issues highlighted through Fusion have included work practices and cultures, obtaining data, complications in accessing and sharing of information, data integrity and disclosure.
    • Critical success factor of Fusion are the partnerships and secondees provided by partner agencies. Secondees must be an expert with the information and intelligence as this contributes to the Fusion success.
    • Fusion's capability comprises of several areas including monitoring the national criminal target list online, trying to identify new and emerging intelligence, data manipulation, new intelligence sources and new technology.
    • Data comes from many sources including those from the private sector, banking regulators and law enforcement networks.
    • Outcomes/intelligence from the fusion centre is referred to partner agencies and sometimes the ACC for them to consider and possible action. When an agency forwards data to the fusion centre, it's manipulated with other data to obtain an overall picture.
    • Where 'on-disclosure' was one of the purposes of a taskforce, this would be allowed if a taskforce wishes to take a coordinated approach to the 'protected information' intelligence received back from the fusion centre. Where 'on-disclosure' was not a purpose of the taskforce this however would be an issue.
    • Fusion adds value to the findings by understanding the strategic direction and deliverables of the partner agency and then being able to clearly define and analyse the data to meet the partner agency's needs. The centre however needs to know what analysis has already been undertaken so as to avoid duplication of work.
    • It was suggested that a small sample (say 2 - 5 cases) of confirmed or suspected Phoenix cases could be provided to Fusion by the ATO, as a pilot project. These cases would be matched against Fusion held data to see if the outputs were of value to the agency. This would also assist Fusion in identifying resources needed to undertake a much larger exercise. There may however be an issue with sharing the results of this concept with members of the forum. The ACC would refer the results back to the ATO but whether the results could be on-disclosed to other forum members is something that needs to be discussed further.
      Last modified: 14 Dec 2012QC 26757