• Changes in recent years

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    This information may not apply to the current year. Check the content carefully to ensure it is applicable to your circumstances.

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    Changes to the CGT concessions for small business in recent years make it easier for you to work out whether you are eligible for the concessions. You will find the most recent amendments in Tax Laws Amendment (2011 Measures No. 9) Act 2012External Link, which received royal assent on 21 March 2012. The amendments generally apply to CGT events that happened in 2006–07 and later income years. In this guide we refer to these amendments as the March 2012 amendments. The amendments changed the calculation of an entity's small business participation percentage:

    • the voting power calculation for joint owners of shares no longer applies
    • an entity's small business participation percentage in a discretionary trust may be greater than zero, where the trust did not make a distribution during the CGT event year because it had a tax loss or no net income for the year.

    As the March 2012 amendments are retrospective, you have additional time to amend your tax return to take advantage of the amendments where the original assessment was made before these amendments applied (22 March 2012, the day after royal assent).

    You have until the later of:

    • 22 March 2014 (two years after the commencement date), or
    • a later date allowed by the Commissioner of Taxation.

    You will find other amendments in Tax Laws Amendment (2009 Measures No. 2) Act 2009External Link, which received royal assent on 23 June 2009. We will refer to these as the June 2009 amendments. This date is relevant later for the time limit for making choices. They apply to:

    • payments and CGT events happening on or after 23 June 2009
    • CGT events happening in 2006–07 and later income years.

    We have incorporated them in this version of the guide. Information about the changes is also available in Capital gains tax (CGT) concessions for small business – more changes for the 2007–09 years.

    They apply to payments and CGT events that happened on or after 23 June 2009 and involve changes to:

    • enable certain liabilities to reduce an entity’s net asset value in applying the $6 million maximum net asset value test
    • ensure all uses of an asset (except certain personal use and certain uses from which passive income is derived) are considered in determining what its main use is
    • the operation of the retirement exemption to remove unintended consequences by
      • ensuring the retirement exemption caters for CGT-exempt payments flowing through small business structures involving interposed entities
      • excluding small business retirement exemption payments made to CGT-concession stakeholders from the deemed dividend provisions of section 109 and Division 7A section 109C of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.
       

    The following amendments were announced in the 2008 Budget and apply to CGT events happening in 2007–08 and later income years. The changes increase access to the CGT concessions for small businesses with turnover less than $2 million via the small business entity test for:

    • taxpayers owning a CGT asset used in a business by an affiliate or connected entity (passively-held assets)
    • partners owning a CGT asset used in the partnership business (partner's assets).

    Other minor changes improve the operation of the concessions by:

    • increasing the circumstances and purposes for which a spouse or child under 18 years is taken to be an individual’s affiliate
    • removing unintended consequences for the retirement exemption by correcting the treatment of capital proceeds received in instalments.

    The following changes apply retrospectively for CGT events happening in 2006–07 and later income years to:

    • increase access to the concessions for joint tenants and trustees of testamentary trusts where a gain arises from an asset within two years of the death of the deceased, where the deceased would have been entitled to the concessions
    • remove the requirement in the retirement exemption to meet the basic conditions, where the replacement asset conditions have not been met for the small business rollover (CGT events J5 and J6).

    As the 2006–07 and 2007–08 changes are retrospective, you have additional time to make your choice to use the concessions where you become eligible as a result of the June 2009 amendments. The extra time to make a choice applies to CGT events happening before 23 June 2009.

    You have until the later of:

    • the day the entity lodges its tax return for the income year in which the relevant CGT event happened, or
    • 23 June 2010 (12 months after the commencement date), or
    • a later date allowed by the Commissioner of Taxation.

    The commencement date of an amendment is the day after it received royal assent.

      Last modified: 05 Jul 2013QC 28215