Law Companion Ruling
Attribution Managed Investment Trusts: administrative penalties for recklessness or intentional disregard of the tax law - section 288-115
|Table of Contents||Paragraph|
|What this Ruling is about|
|Date of effect|
|Meaning of recklessness and intentional disregard of the law|
|What are the signs that an AMIT trustee has acted in a reckless manner?|
|Examples of trustee actions not exhibiting recklessness or an intentional disregard of the tax law|
|Remission of tax|
Relying on this Ruling
This publication is a public ruling for the purposes of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.
This Ruling describes how the Commissioner applies the law as amended by the Tax Laws Amendment (New Tax System for Managed Investment Trusts) Act 2016.
If you rely on this Ruling in good faith, you will not have to pay any underpaid tax, penalties or interest in respect of matters it covers if it does not correctly state how a relevant provision applies to you.
What this Ruling is about
1. Under the new regime for attribution managed investment trusts (AMITs), broadly, mistakes made in calculating 'determined trust components' in one year, may be fixed in the year they are discovered without the need to amend prior year returns. Such discovered mistakes are referred to as 'unders' and 'overs'.
2. The trustee of an AMIT is liable to an administrative penalty if the AMIT has an under or over for a base year resulting from their (or their agent's) recklessness or intentional disregard of the law. This Ruling provides examples of behaviours which do not exhibit recklessness and international disregard of the law under section 288-115 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.
Date of effect
- 1 July 2016, or
- if the trustee has made an irrevocable choice to apply the new tax system for its 2015-16 income year which starts on or after 1 July 2015 - 1 July 2015.
Meaning of recklessness and intentional disregard of the law
4. The Commissioner's interpretation of 'recklessness' and 'intentional disregard of the law' as used in Subdivision 284-B and section 286-75 are set out in Miscellaneous Taxation Ruling MT 2008/1 Penalty relating to statements: meaning of reasonable care, recklessness and intentional disregard. The interpretations discussed in MT 2008/1 apply equally to these terms as used in section 288-115.
What are the signs that an AMIT trustee has acted in a reckless manner?
5. In considering whether an AMIT trustee has acted in a reckless manner, the Commissioner will have regard, amongst other things, to whether or not the AMIT trustee has the following governance controls in place. The lack of any one of these controls is not of itself evidence of recklessness.
- A registered tax agent has reviewed your distribution calculations, and you supplied all of the relevant information to the agent.
- You have unqualified audited statutory accounts and/or a satisfactory external auditor's controls report covering your tax function, such as a GS 007 controls report.
- You have a properly resourced and qualified internal tax division.
- Your tax function, processes and controls are reviewed by an internal audit function. The Commissioner will consider the results of the review, together with any action you take, or do not take, in response to the review.
7. The Commissioner will have regard to the size and resources of the trustee in considering the level and type of relevant controls. For example, a small trustee with limited resources may rely more on external advisors than a large, highly resourced trustee with an internal tax team.
Examples of trustee actions not exhibiting recklessness or an intentional disregard of the tax law
8. The Explanatory Memorandum to the Tax Laws Amendment (New Tax System for Managed Investment Trusts) Bill 2015 provides the following examples of circumstances in which a trustee is not considered to have intentionally or recklessly disregarded the law.
9. A trustee is not considered to have intentionally or recklessly disregarded the law if, in working out estimates of the trust components of particular characters that are attributed to members, the trustee:
- uses published estimates of amounts expected to be received by the AMIT from third party funds
- requests and uses estimates of amounts the AMIT expects to receive from third party funds from those funds' managers, or
- makes reasonable estimates of the distribution yield and tax components based on historical yield and tax component data.
10. Published estimates include estimates included in notices issued pursuant to section 12-395. Historical yield and tax component data would include prior year AMIT member annual statements (AMMA statements) or tax statements.
- An under or over is caused by limitations within existing, legacy (that is, one inherited by the acquirer of a business) or new IT systems, including limitations arising from information supplied by third parties (for example, stapled securities where pricing data is supplied at a stapled security level). This exception, however, does not apply when:
- the IT system limitation could be fixed at reasonable cost (considering the size of the errors)
- the errors could be corrected using information that is reasonably available, and at reasonable cost (again considering the size of the errors), or
- a known error is perpetuated in, or introduced to, a newly created system (having regard to the cost of fixing the system limitation and size of the errors).
- There is uncertainty regarding the correct tax treatment of an item and the AMIT trustee has adopted a position with a reasonable basis after making appropriate enquiries, such as seeking external advice and researching authoritative sources.
- An under or over is attributable to a misclassification that does not affect the tax liability of a member.
- Example: An amount of foreign source income is incorrectly classified as domestic source income. The relevant trust components are wholly attributed to Australian resident members of the AMIT, and the members' income tax liabilities are the same as they would have been had the income not been misclassified.
- A variance arises due to circumstances beyond the control of the AMIT trustee.
- Example: An underlying AMIT or unit trust reissues its AMMA or tax statement to a second AMIT after the second AMIT has finalised its own AMMA for the same year, and rather than reissue its own AMMA statements for the base year, the second AMIT recognises the under or over in a discovery year.
- Overs and unders that arise due to the rounding of distribution components in the systems used to calculate determined trust components, or in the systems used to calculate and prepare AMMA statements.
- Not following ATO public rulings, determinations or ATO Interpretative Decisions where the taxpayer is able to establish a reasonably arguable position for the treatment they adopt that is inconsistent with the ATO position.
- The way the trustee applied the relevant taxation law agreed with general administrative practice under that law.
Remission of tax
13. In deciding whether to remit part or all of the penalty, the Commissioner will have regard to offsetting unders and overs within an AMIT, or class of AMIT where each class is treated as a separate AMIT. Offsetting unders and overs arise where the unders and overs are attributable to a single act of recklessness or intentional disregard. For example, a trustee adopts a reckless position on the tax treatment of an amount of income which results in an under of one assessable income character and an over of equal amount in a different assessable income character.
Commissioner of Taxation
5 May 2016
An AMIT is a managed investment trust (MIT) that has elected in to the attribution regime for the taxation of MITs contained in Division 276 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.
All legislative references in this Ruling are to Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 as proposed to be amended by the Bill, unless context otherwise dictates.
TAA 1953 Sch 1 Subdiv 284-B
TAA 1953 Sch 1 286-75
TAA 1953 Sch 1 288-115
TAA 1953 Sch 1 298-20
ITAA 1997 12-395
ITAA 1997 Div 276
Tax Laws Amendment (New Tax System for Managed Investment Trusts) Act 2016
Explanatory Memorandum to the Tax Laws Amendment (New Tax System for Managed Investment Trusts) Bill 2015