Decision impact statement
Rigoli v Commissioner of Taxation
Full Federal Court
 FCAFC 38
2016 ATC 20-556
 FCA 803
2015 ATC 20-522
Administrative Appeals Tribunal
 AATA 169
2015 ATC 10-388
Venue: Federal Court of Australia
Venue Reference No: VID 475 of 2015
Judge Name: Kenny, Davies and Moshinsky JJ
Judgment date: 14 March 2016
Appeals on foot: No
Decision Outcome: Favourable to the Commissioner
Impacted AdviceRelevant Rulings/Determinations:
|This decision has no impact for ATO precedential documents or Law Administration Practice Statements.|
Outlines the ATO's response to this case which concerns whether the taxpayer discharged his burden of proving that default assessments were excessive and whether the Tribunal discharged its review function.
Brief summary of facts
During the 1994 to 2001 income years, the taxpayer carried on business in partnership. The partnership did not keep business records. The taxpayer did not lodge income tax returns for any of those years, and the Commissioner made default assessments under section 167 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 (ITAA 1936) of the amount upon which, in his judgment, income tax ought to be levied for each year. The taxpayer objected to the assessments on the simple ground that he had 'no taxable income'.
The taxpayer applied for review of the objection decision by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal (Tribunal). The Tribunal's decision was the subject of two appeals reported as Commissioner of Taxation v Rigoli  FCA 784 and Rigoli v Commissioner of Taxation  FCAFC 29 before being remitted to the Tribunal for further hearing.
Before the Tribunal on remitter, the taxpayer sought to discharge his burden of proof under section 14ZZK Taxation Administration Act 1953 by relying (in part) on the affidavit of an accountant (the Kompos report). The Commissioner had produced the Kompos report to show the basis on which he formed a judgment about the amounts on which income tax ought be levied for the purpose of making the default assessments.
The Tribunal concluded that the taxpayer did not discharge his burden of proof and affirmed the Commissioner's objection decisions. In doing so, the Tribunal found that the Kompos report 'was not intended to and did not establish, even on the basis of an estimate, the actual taxable income of Mr Rigoli from all sources for the income years in question.'
The taxpayer appealed to the Federal Court. The decision of the primary judge is reported as Rigoli v Commissioner of Taxation  FCA 803. The primary judge dismissed the appeal.
The taxpayer then appealed to the Full Court.
Issues decided by the court
The issues decided by the Full Court were:
- Whether the primary judge erred by declining to hold that the Tribunal had erred in excluding consideration of the Kompos report per se because it was not evidence led by the taxpayer; and
- Whether the primary judge erred by declining to hold that the Tribunal had erred in concluding that the Kompos report did not provide a sufficient probative evidentiary basis for findings as to the taxpayer's actual taxable income.
- The Full Court affirmed the decision of the primary judge and dismissed the appeal.
ATO view of decision
The Court's decision is consistent with the Commissioner's view of the Tribunal's decision and with the Commissioner's view on what is required by a taxpayer to discharge the burden of proving that an assessment issued under section 167 of the ITAA 1936 is excessive.
Implications for impacted ATO precedential documents (Public Rulings, Determinations, ATO IDs)
Implications for impacted Law Administration Practice Statements
Commissioner of Taxation v Dalco
(1990) 168 CLR 614
(1990) 20 ATR 1370
90 ATC 4088
Commissioner of Taxation v Rigoli
 FCA 784
2013 ATC 20-407
George v Federal Commissioner of Taxation
 HCA 21
(1952) 86 CLR 183
(1952) 9 ATD 421
5 AITR 360
Kimche v Federal Commissioner of Taxation
 FCA 1108
(2004) 57 ATR 28
Ma v Commissioner of Taxation
 FCA 359
(1992) 37 FCR 225
(1992) 23 ATR 485
Martin v Federal Commissioner of Taxation
 FCA 621
(1993) 27 ATR 282
93 ATC 5200
Rigoli v Commissioner of Taxation
 FCAFC 29
2014 ATC 20-446