INCOME TAX ASSESSMENT ACT 1936

PART I - PRELIMINARY  

SECTION 6   INTERPRETATION  

6(1AA)  


So far as a provision of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 gives an expression a particular meaning, the provision does not also have effect for the purposes of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 (the 1997 Act ), or for the purposes of Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953, except as provided in the 1997 Act or in that Schedule.

6(1)  


In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

100% subsidiary
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

accrued leave transfer payment
(Repealed by No 56 of 2010)

adjusted fringe benefits total
of a taxpayer for a year of income is the amount worked out using the formula:


Taxpayer's reportable
fringe benefits total
× (1 - FBT rate)

where:

FBT rate
is the rate of tax set by the Fringe Benefits Tax Act 1986 for the FBT year (as defined in the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986) beginning on the 1 April just before the start of the year of income.

adjusted taxable income for rebates
means adjusted taxable income (within the meaning of the A New Tax System (Family Assistance) Act 1999, disregarding clauses 3 and 3A of Schedule 3 to that Act).

AFOF
means an Australian venture capital fund of funds within the meaning of subsection 118-410(3) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

agent
: this Act applies to some entities (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997) that are not agents in the same way as it applies to agents: see section 960-105 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Agriculture Secretary
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

allowable deduction
has the same meaning as deduction has in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

AMIT
(short for attribution managed investment trust ) has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

amount paid-up
on a share means the amount (if any), including any premium, paid on that share.

amount unpaid
on a share means the amount (if any) unpaid on that share.

apportionable deductions
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

approved form
has the meaning given by section 388-50 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

approved stock exchange
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Arts Department
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

Arts Minister
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

Arts Secretary
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

assessable income
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

assessment
means:


(a) the ascertainment:


(i) of the amount of taxable income (or that there is no taxable income); and

(ii) of the tax payable on that taxable income (or that no tax is payable); and

(iii) of the total of a taxpayer's tax offset refunds for a year of income (or that the taxpayer can get no such refunds for the year of income); or


(b) (Repealed by No 53 of 2016)


(c) for a taxpayer that is the trustee of a unit trust that is a public trading trust (within the meaning of section 102R) - the ascertainment:


(i) of the net income of the trust (within the meaning of section 102M) (or that there is no net income); and

(ii) of the tax payable on that net income (or that no tax is payable); and

(iii) of the total of a taxpayer's tax offset refunds for a year of income (or that the taxpayer can get no such refunds for the year of income); or


(d) for a taxpayer that is the trustee of a trust estate (other than a trustee to which paragraph (b) or (c) applies or the trustee of a complying superannuation fund, a non-complying superannuation fund, a complying approved deposit fund, a non-complying approved deposit fund or a pooled superannuation trust) - the ascertainment:


(i) of so much of the net income of the trust estate as is net income in respect of which the trustee is liable to pay tax (or that there is no net income in respect of which the trustee is so liable); and

(ii) of the tax payable on that net income (or that no tax is payable); and

(iii) of the total of a taxpayer's tax offset refunds for a year of income (or that the taxpayer can get no such refunds for the year of income); or


(e) the ascertainment of the amount of interest payable under section 102AAM (about distributions from non-resident trust estates); or


(f) the ascertainment of an amount of additional tax under section 128TE; or


(g) the ascertainment of an amount of tax under section 159GZZZZH; or


(h) the ascertainment of the amount of income tax payable on the no-TFN contributions income as defined by section 295-610 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 (or that no tax is payable); or


(i) (Repealed by No 70 of 2015)


(j) the ascertainment of the amount payable (or that no amount is payable) under the following:


(i) subsection 276-105(2) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 (AMIT trustee taxed on amounts attributed to foreign resident members);

(ii) subsection 276-340(2) of that Act (AMIT trustee taxed on trust component deficit of character relating to tax offset);

(iii) subsection 276-405(2) of that Act (AMIT trustee taxed on shortfall in determined member components of character relating to assessable income);

(iv) subsection 276-410(2) of that Act (AMIT trustee taxed on excess in determined member components of character relating to tax offset);

(v) subsection 276-415(2) of that Act (AMIT trustee taxed on amounts of determined trust component that are not reflected in member components);

(vi) subsection 276-420(2) of that Act (AMIT trustee taxed on amounts of under of character relating to assessable income not properly carried forward);

(vii) subsection 276-425(2) of that Act (AMIT trustee taxed on amounts of over of character relating to tax offset not properly carried forward); or

attribution managed investment trust
: see AMIT .

Australia
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Australian superannuation fund
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

bank or banker
includes, but is not limited to, a body corporate that is an ADI (authorised deposit-taking institution) for the purposes of the Banking Act 1959.

base interest rate
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

basic income tax liability
has the meaning given by section 4-10 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Board of Referees
(Repealed by No 216 of 1973)

business
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

capital gain
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

capital loss
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

capital proceeds
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

CGT asset
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

CGT event
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Chief Executive Centrelink
has the same meaning as in the Human Services (Centrelink) Act 1997.

child
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Commissioner
means the Commissioner of Taxation.

Commonwealth education or training payment
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Commonwealth securities
means bonds, debentures, stock or other securities issued under an Act, but does not include:


(a) securities (not being securities to which paragraph (b) applies) issued in respect of a loan raised outside Australia unless there is in force a declaration by the Minister, published in the Gazette, that those securities shall be Commonwealth securities for the purposes of this Act; or


(b) securities issued after 12 April 1976 by a bank.

company
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

complying approved deposit fund
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

complying superannuation fund
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

"concessional deductions"
(Repealed by No 107 of 1989)

consolidated group
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

constituent document
, in relation to a company, means the memorandum and articles of association of the company, or any rules or other document constituting the company or governing its activities.

corporate limited partnership
has the meaning given by section 94D.

corporate tax entity
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

corporate tax rate
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

cost base
of a CGT asset has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

creditable acquisition
has the meaning given by section 195-1 of the GST Act.

"daughter"
(Repealed by No 135 of 1990)

debenture
, in relation to a company, includes debenture stock, bonds, notes and any other securities of the company, whether constituting a charge on the assets of the company or not.

debt interest
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

deductible gift recipient
has the meaning given by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Defence Department
(Repealed by No 145 of 2010)

Defence Minister
(Repealed by No 145 of 2010)

Defence Secretary
(Repealed by No 145 of 2010)

demerged entity
has the meaning given by section 125-70 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

demerger
has the meaning given by section 125-70 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

demerger allocation
means:


(a) the total market value of the allocation represented by the ownership interests issued by the demerged entity in itself under a demerger to the owners of ownership interests in the head entity of the demerger group; or


(b) the total market value of the allocation represented by the ownership interests disposed of by a member of a demerger group under a demerger to the owners of ownership interests in the head entity; or


(c) the total of both of those market values.

demerger dividend
means that part of a demerger allocation that is assessable as a dividend under subsection 44(1) or that would be so assessable apart from subsections 44(3) and (4).

demerger group
has the meaning given by section 125-65 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

demerger subsidiary
has the meaning given by section 125-65 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

demerging entity
has the meaning given by section 125-70 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

depreciating asset
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Deputy Commissioner
means a Deputy Commissioner of Taxation.

distribution
, when used in a franking context, has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

dividend
includes:


(a) any distribution made by a company to any of its shareholders, whether in money or other property; and


(b) any amount credited by a company to any of its shareholders as shareholders;


(c) (Repealed by No 63 of 1998)

but does not include:


(d) moneys paid or credited by a company to a shareholder or any other property distributed by a company to shareholders (not being moneys or other property to which this paragraph, by reason of subsection (4), does not apply or moneys paid or credited, or property distributed for the redemption or cancellation of a redeemable preference share), where the amount of the moneys paid or credited, or the amount of the value of the property, is debited against an amount standing to the credit of the share capital account of the company; or


(e) moneys paid or credited, or property distributed, by a company for the redemption or cancellation of a redeemable preference share if:


(i) the company gives the holder of the share a notice when it redeems or cancels the share; and

(ii) the notice specifies the amount paid-up on the share immediately before the cancellation or redemption; and

(iii) the amount is debited to the company's share capital account;
except to the extent that the amount of those moneys or the value of that property, as the case may be, is greater than the amount specified in the notice as the amount paid-up on the share; or


(f) a reversionary bonus on a life assurance policy.

dividend (withholding) tax
(Repealed by No 85 of 1967)

Division 230 financial arrangement
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

dual resident investment company
has the meaning given by section 6F.

dwelling
has the meaning given by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Education Department
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

Education Secretary
has the meaning given by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

eligible taxable income
has the meaning given by section 102AD.

Employment Department
(Repealed by No 41 of 2011)

Employment Minister
(Repealed by No 41 of 2011)

Employment Secretary
has the meaning given by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

employment termination payment
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

equity holder
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

equity interest
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

ESVCLP
means an early stage venture capital limited partnership within the meaning of subsection 118-407(4) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

exempt entity
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

exempt income
has the meaning given by section 6-20 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

exploration credit
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

exploration development incentive tax offset
means a tax offset under Subdivision 418-B of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Families Secretary
has the meaning given by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

family tier 1 threshold
has the meaning given by the A New Tax System (Medicare Levy Surcharge - Fringe Benefits) Act 1999.

farm management deposit
has the meaning given by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

FHSA
(Repealed by No 70 of 2015)

FHSA trust
(Repealed by No 70 of 2015)

FMD provider
has the meaning given by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

foreign superannuation fund
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

foreign tax
has the meaning given by section 6AB.

frankable distribution
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

franked part
of a distribution has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

franking credit
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

franking debit
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

franking deficit tax
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

franking surplus
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

franks with an exempting credit
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

friendly society
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

friendly society dispensary
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

fringe benefit
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

full self-assessment taxpayer
, for a year of income (the current year ), means any of the following:


(a) a company;


(b) (Repealed by No 53 of 2016)


(c) the trustee of a trust that is a public trading trust in relation to the current year for the purposes of Division 6C of Part III;


(d) the trustee of a complying approved deposit fund or a non-complying approved deposit fund in relation to the current year;


(e) the trustee of a complying superannuation fund or a non-complying superannuation fund in relation to the current year;


(f) the trustee of a pooled superannuation trust in relation to the current year.


(g) (Repealed by No 70 of 2015)

fund payment
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

general insurance company
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

general insurance policy
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

general interest charge
means the charge worked out under Part IIA of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

general partner
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

GST Act
means the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999.

head company
of a consolidated group or a MEC group has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

head entity
of a demerger group has the meaning given by section 125-65 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Health Department
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

Health Minister
has the meaning given by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Health Secretary
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

hold
, in relation to an RSA, has the same meaning as in the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997.

holder
, in relation to an RSA, has the same meaning as in the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997.

Housing Secretary
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

Immigration Department
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

Immigration Minister
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

Immigration Secretary
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

income from personal exertion
or income derived from personal exertion means income consisting of earnings, salaries, wages, commissions, fees, bonuses, pensions, superannuation allowances, retiring allowances and retiring gratuities, allowances and gratuities received in the capacity of employee or in relation to any services rendered, the proceeds of any business carried on by the taxpayer either alone or as a partner with any other person, any amount received as a bounty or subsidy in carrying on a business, any amount that is included in the assessable income of the taxpayer by reason of section 393-10 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997, the income from any property where that income forms part of the emoluments of any office or employment of profit held by the taxpayer, and any profit arising from the sale by the taxpayer of any property acquired by the taxpayer for the purpose of profit-making by sale or from the carrying on or carrying out of any profit-making undertaking or scheme, but does not include:


(a) interest, unless the taxpayer's principal business consists of the lending of money, or unless the interest is received in respect of a debt due to the taxpayer for goods supplied or services rendered by the taxpayer in the course of the taxpayer's business; or


(b) rents, dividends or non-share dividends.

income from property
or income derived from property means all income not being income from personal exertion.

income tax
means income tax imposed as such by any Act, as assessed under this Act, but, except in section 260, does not include mining withholding tax or withholding tax.

income tax or tax
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

Indigenous land
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Indigenous person
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

insurance business
has the same meaning as in the Insurance Act 1973.

insurance funds
, in relation to a company, means all the Australian statutory funds of the company and all other funds maintained by the company in respect of the life assurance business of the company.

interest income
, in relation to a taxpayer, means income consisting of interest, or a payment in the nature of interest, in respect of:


(a) money lent, advanced or deposited; or


(b) credit given; or


(c) any other form of debt or liability;

whether security is given or not, other than:


(d) an amount to the extent to which it is a return on an equity interest in a company; or


(e) interest derived by the taxpayer from a transaction directly related to the active conduct of a trade or business; or


(f) interest derived by the taxpayer from carrying on a banking business or any other business whose income is principally derived from the lending of money; or


(g) interest received by the taxpayer during a year of income from a foreign company, where:


(i) at any time during the year of income, the taxpayer had (or would have had, if the taxpayer were a company and a resident), a voting interest, within the meaning of section 334A, amounting to at least 10% of the voting power, within the meaning of that section, in that company; and

(ii) during the year of income or the preceding year of income, the company has not derived an amount of interest income exceeding 10% of the total profits derived by the company during the same year.

intermediary
(Repealed by No 32 of 2008)

international tax sharing treaty
(Repealed by No 101 of 2013)

life assurance company
has the meaning given to life insurance company by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

life assurance policy
has the meaning given to life insurance policy by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

life assurance premium
has the meaning given to life insurance premium by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

limited partner
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

limited partnership
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

liquidator
means the person who, whether or not appointed as liquidator, is the person required by law to carry out the winding-up of a company.

live stock
(Repealed by No 101 of 2006)

loss carry back tax offset
(Repealed by No 96 of 2014)

loss year
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

managed investment trust
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

MEC group
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

medical expense rebate higher phase-in limit
has the meaning given by subsection 159Q(5).

medical expense rebate lower phase-in limit
has the meaning given by subsection 159Q(6).

Medicare levy
means Medicare levy imposed as such by any Act as assessed under this Act.

Medicare levy (fringe benefits) surcharge
has the meaning given by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

member
of a consolidated group or MEC group has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

member of a family tax benefit (Part B) family without shared care
: a taxpayer is a member of a family tax benefit (Part B) family without shared care if:


(a) the taxpayer, or the taxpayer's spouse while being the taxpayer's partner (within the meaning of the A New Tax System (Family Assistance) Act 1999), is eligible for family tax benefit at the Part B rate (within the meaning of that Act); and


(b) clause 31 of Schedule 1 to that Act does not apply in respect of the Part B rate.

minerals
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

mining withholding tax
means income tax payable in accordance with section 128V.

mortgage
includes any charge, lien or encumbrance to secure the repayment of money.

mutual life assurance company
means a life assurance company the profits of which are divisible only among the policy holders.

natural resource
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

necessary connection with Australia
(Repealed by No 168 of 2006)

net capital gain
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

net capital loss
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

net GST
has the meaning given by section 995-1 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

net input tax credit
has the meaning given by section 995-1 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

non-assessable non-exempt income
has the meaning given by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

non-complying approved deposit fund
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

non-complying superannuation fund
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

non-entity joint venture
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

non-equity share
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

non-resident
means a person who is not a resident of Australia.

"non-resident dividend income"
(Repealed by No 85 of 1967)

non-resident superannuation fund
(Repealed by No 15 of 2007)

non-share capital account
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

non-share capital return
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

non-share distribution
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

non-share dividend
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

non-share equity interest
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

once-only deduction:
a deduction in a year of income in respect of a percentage of expenditure is a once-only deduction , in relation to the expenditure, if no deduction is allowable in respect of a percentage of the expenditure in any other year of income.

ordinary class
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

ordinary income
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

outstanding claims
(Repealed by No 79 of 2010)

over-franking tax
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

owner
of a farm management deposit has the meaning given by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

ownership interest
has the meaning given by section 125-60 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

paid
in relation to dividends or non-share dividends includes credited or distributed.

paid-up share capital
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

parent
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

part of a distribution that is franked with an exempting credit
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

part of a distribution that is franked with a venture capital credit
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

partnership
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

passive commodity gain
, in relation to a taxpayer, in relation to a year of income, means a gain realised by the taxpayer in a year of income from disposing of a forward contract or a futures contract, or a right or option in respect of a forward contract or a futures contract, in respect of any thing (a commodity ):


(a) that is capable of delivery under an agreement for its delivery; and


(b) that is not an instrument creating or evidencing a chose in action;

unless the contract, right or option relates to the carrying on by the taxpayer of a business:


(c) of producing or processing the commodity; or


(d) that involves the use of the commodity as a raw material in a production process.

passive income
, in relation to a taxpayer, in relation to a year of income means:


(a) dividends (within the meaning of this section) and non-share dividends paid to the taxpayer in the year of income; or


(b) unit trust dividends (within the meaning of Division 6C) paid to the taxpayer in the year of income; or


(c) a distribution made to the taxpayer in the year of income that is taken to be a dividend because of section 47; or


(d) an amount that is taken to be a dividend paid to the taxpayer in the year of income because of section 47A or 108 or Division 7A of Part III; or


(e) interest income derived by the taxpayer in the year of income; or


(f) annuities derived by the taxpayer in the year of income; or


(g) income derived by the taxpayer by way of rent (within the meaning of Part X) in the year of income; or


(h) royalties derived by the taxpayer in the year of income; or


(i) an amount derived by the taxpayer in the year of income as consideration for the assignment, in whole or in part, of any copyright, patent, design, trade mark or other like property or right; or


(j) profits of a capital nature that accrued to the taxpayer in the year of income; or


(k) passive commodity gains that accrued to the taxpayer in the year of income; or


(l) an amount included in the assessable income of the taxpayer of the year of income under section 102AAZD, 456, 457 or 459A;

but does not include:


(m) an amount that arose from an asset necessarily held by the taxpayer in connection with an insurance business actively carried on by the taxpayer; or


(n) an amount included in the taxpayer's assessable income under Division 83A of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 (about employee share schemes).

PDF
(pooled development fund) means a company that is a PDF within the meaning of the Pooled Development Funds Act 1992, but does not include such a company in the capacity of a trustee.

PDF component
, in relation to a company that becomes a PDF during the year of income and is still a PDF at the end of the year of income, means:


(a) in a case where the amount that, if:


(i) the period beginning at the start of the year of income and ending immediately before the company becomes a PDF were a year of income of the company; and

(ii) the period ( the PDF notional year ) beginning when the company becomes a PDF and ending at the end of the year of income were a year of income of the company; and

(iii) paragraph (c) of the definition of taxable income were omitted;
would be the company's taxable income of the PDF notional year is $1 or more - that amount; or


(b) otherwise - a nil amount.

permanent establishment,
in relation to a person (including the Commonwealth, a State or an authority of the Commonwealth or a State), means a place at or through which the person carries on any business and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, includes:


(a) a place where the person is carrying on business through an agent;


(b) a place where the person has, is using or is installing substantial equipment or substantial machinery;


(c) a place where the person is engaged in a construction project; and


(d) where the person is engaged in selling goods manufactured, assembled, processed, packed or distributed by another person for, or at or to the order of, the first-mentioned person and either of those persons participates in the management, control or capital of the other person or another person participates in the management, control or capital of both of those persons - the place where the goods are manufactured, assembled, processed, packed or distributed;

but does not include:


(e) a place where the person is engaged in business dealings through a bona fide commission agent or broker who, in relation to those dealings, acts in the ordinary course of his or her business as a commission agent or broker and does not receive remuneration otherwise than at a rate customary in relation to dealings of that kind, not being a place where the person otherwise carries on business;


(f) a place where the person is carrying on business through an agent:


(i) who does not have, or does not habitually exercise, a general authority to negotiate and conclude contracts on behalf of the person; or

(ii) whose authority extends to filling orders on behalf of the person from a stock of goods or merchandise situated in the country where the place is located, but who does not regularly exercise that authority;
not being a place where the person otherwise carries on business; or


(g) a place of business maintained by the person solely for the purpose of purchasing goods or merchandise.

person
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

petroleum exploration company
(Repealed by No 80 of 1975)

pooled superannuation trust
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

post FIF abolition credit
means a post FIF abolition credit arising under:


(a) subsection 23AK(6); and


(b) subsection 717-220(2) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997; and


(c) subsection 717-255(2) of that Act.

post FIF abolition debit
means a post FIF abolition debit arising under:


(a) subsection 23AK(2); and


(b) subsection 23B(1); and


(c) subsection 717-220(3) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997; and


(d) subsection 717-255(3) of that Act.

post FIF abolition surplus
has the meaning given by section 23AK.

prescribed dual resident
means a company that satisfies either of the following conditions:


(a) the first condition is that:


(i) the company is a resident of Australia within the meaning of subsection 6(1); and

(ii) there is an agreement (within the meaning of the International Tax Agreements Act 1953) in force in respect of a foreign country; and

(iii) the agreement contains a provision that is expressed to apply where, apart from the provision, the company would, for the purposes of the agreement, be both a resident of Australia and a resident of the foreign country; and

(iv) that provision has the effect that the company is, for the purposes of the agreement, a resident solely of the foreign country;


(b) the alternative condition is that the company:


(i) is a resident of Australia within the meaning of subsection 6(1) for no other reason than that it carries on business in Australia and has its central management and control in Australia; and

(ii) it is also a resident of another country; and

(iii) its central management and control is in another country.

present war
(Repealed by No 216 of 1973)

primary production business
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

principal beneficiary
of a special disability trust has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

private ancillary fund
(Repealed by No 147 of 2011)

private company
, in relation to a year of income, means a company that is a private company in relation to that year of income for the purposes of Division 7 of Part III.

proclaimed superannuation standards day
means 1 July 1990.

provider
, in relation to an RSA, has the same meaning as in the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997.

prudential standards
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

rebatable benefit
has the meaning given by subsection 160AAA(1).

rebatable medical expense amount
has the meaning given by subsections 159P(1) and (3).

rebate income
of an individual for a year of income is the sum of:


(a) the individual's taxable income for the year of income; and


(b) the individual's reportable superannuation contributions for the year of income; and


(c) the individual's total net investment loss for the year of income; and


(d) the individual's adjusted fringe benefits total for the year of income.

recognised large credit union
has the meaning given by section 6H.

recognised medium credit union
has the meaning given by section 6H.

recognised small credit union
has the meaning given by section 6H.

reduced cost base
of a CGT asset has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

registered tax agent
(Repealed by No 114 of 2009)

relative
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

reportable fringe benefits total
has the same meaning as in the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986.

reportable superannuation contributions
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Research Department
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

Research Minister
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

Research Secretary
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

resident
or resident of Australia means:


(a) a person, other than a company, who resides in Australia and includes a person:


(i) whose domicile is in Australia, unless the Commissioner is satisfied that the person's permanent place of abode is outside Australia;

(ii) who has actually been in Australia, continuously or intermittently, during more than one-half of the year of income, unless the Commissioner is satisfied that the person's usual place of abode is outside Australia and that the person does not intend to take up residence in Australia; or

(iii) who is:

(A) a member of the superannuation scheme established by deed under the Superannuation Act 1990; or

(B) an eligible employee for the purposes of the Superannuation Act 1976; or

(C) the spouse, or a child under 16, of a person covered by sub-subparagraph (A) or (B); and


(b) a company which is incorporated in Australia, or which, not being incorporated in Australia, carries on business in Australia, and has either its central management and control in Australia, or its voting power controlled by shareholders who are residents of Australia.

resident superannuation fund
(Repealed by No 15 of 2007)

resident trust for CGT purposes
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

return
on a debt interest or equity interest has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

return of income
means a return of income, or of profits or gains of a capital nature, or of both income and such profits or gains.

royalty
or royalties includes any amount paid or credited, however described or computed, and whether the payment or credit is periodical or not, to the extent to which it is paid or credited, as the case may be, as consideration for:


(a) the use of, or the right to use, any copyright, patent, design or model, plan, secret formula or process, trade mark, or other like property or right;


(b) the use of, or the right to use, any industrial, commercial or scientific equipment;


(c) the supply of scientific, technical, industrial or commercial knowledge or information;


(d) the supply of any assistance that is ancillary and subsidiary to, and is furnished as a means of enabling the application or enjoyment of, any such property or right as is mentioned in paragraph (a), any such equipment as is mentioned in paragraph (b) or any such knowledge or information as is mentioned in paragraph (c);


(da) the reception of, or the right to receive, visual images or sounds, or both, transmitted to the public by:


(i) satellite; or

(ii) cable, optic fibre or similar technology;


(db) the use in connection with television broadcasting or radio broadcasting, or the right to use in connection with television broadcasting or radio broadcasting, visual images or sounds, or both, transmitted by:


(i) satellite; or

(ii) cable, optic fibre or similar technology;


(dc) the use of, or the right to use, some or all of the part of the spectrum (within the meaning of the Radiocommunications Act 1992) specified in a spectrum licence issued under that Act;


(e) the use of, or the right to use:


(i) motion picture films;

(ii) films or video tapes for use in connexion with television; or

(iii) tapes for use in connexion with radio broadcasting; or


(f) a total or partial forbearance in respect of:


(i) the use of, or the granting of the right to use, any such property or right as is mentioned in paragraph (a) or any such equipment as is mentioned in paragraph (b);

(ii) the supply of any such knowledge or information as is mentioned in paragraph (c) or of any such assistance as is mentioned in paragraph (d);

(iia) the reception of, or the granting of the right to receive, any such visual images or sounds as are mentioned in paragraph (da);

(iib) the use of, or the granting of the right to use, any such visual images or sounds as are mentioned in paragraph (db);

(iic) the use of, or the granting of the right to use, some or all of such part of the spectrum specified in a spectrum licence as is mentioned in paragraph (dc); or

(iii) the use of, or the granting of the right to use, any such property as is mentioned in paragraph (e).

RSA
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

RSA provider
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Second Commissioner
means a Second Commissioner of Taxation.

"SGIO"
(Repealed by No 101 of 2004)

share
in a company has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

share capital account
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

shareholder
includes member or stockholder.

shareholders' funds
has the same meaning as in the Life Insurance Act 1995.

"share premium account"
(Repealed by No 63 of 1998)

shorter period of review taxpayer or SPOR taxpayer
(Repealed by No 161 of 2005)

shortfall interest charge
means the charge worked out under Division 280 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

singles tier 1 threshold
has the meaning given by the A New Tax System (Medicare Levy Surcharge - Fringe Benefits) Act 1999.

small business entity
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

social security law
has the meaning given by the Social Security Act 1991.

special disability trust
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

spouse
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

"State income tax law"
(Repealed by No 73 of 1989)

statutory income
has the meaning given by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

subsidiary member
of a consolidated group or a MEC group has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

superannuation benefits
means individual personal benefits, pensions or retiring allowances.

superannuation fund
means:


(a) a scheme for the payment of superannuation benefits upon retirement or death; or


(b) a superannuation fund within the definition of "superannuation fund" in section 10 of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993.

superannuation fund for foreign residents
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

superannuation lump sum
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

tainted
, in relation to a company's share capital account, has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

tax
means income tax imposed as such by any Act, as assessed under this Act, but does not include mining withholding tax or withholding tax.

taxable Australian property
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

taxable income
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

taxable supply
has the meaning given by section 195-1 of the GST Act.

tax cost is set
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

tax loss
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

tax offset refund
has the meaning given by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

taxpayer
means a person deriving income or deriving profits or gains of a capital nature.

"the Income Tax Ordinances of Papua New Guinea"
(Repealed by No 80 of 1975)

this Act
includes:


(a) the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997; and


(b) Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953, so far as that Part relates to:


(i) this Act or the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997; or

(ii) Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953; and


(c) Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

"Timor Gap treaty"
(Repealed by No 10 of 2003)

Timor Sea Treaty
means the Treaty defined by subsection 5(1) of the Petroleum (Timor Sea Treaty) Act 2003.

total net investment loss
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Trade Department
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

Trade Minister
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

Trade Secretary
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

trading stock
has the meaning given by section 70-10 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Tribunal
means the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

trustee
in addition to every person appointed or constituted trustee by act of parties, by order, or declaration of a court, or by operation of law, includes:


(a) an executor or administrator, guardian, committee, receiver, or liquidator; and


(b) every person having or taking upon himself the administration or control of income affected by any express or implied trust, or acting in any fiduciary capacity, or having the possession, control or management of the income of a person under any legal or other disability.

unfranked part
of a distribution has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

value of the outstanding claims liability
(Repealed by No 79 of 2010)

value of the outstanding claims liability
(Repealed by No 79 of 2010)

value of the unearned premium reserve
(Repealed by No 79 of 2010)

VCLP
means a venture capital limited partnership within the meaning of subsection 118-405(2) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

VCMP
means a venture capital management partnership.

venture capital deficit tax
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

venture capital management partnership
has the meaning given by subsection 94D(3).

Veterans' Affairs Department
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

Veterans' Affairs Minister
(Repealed by No 110 of 2014)

Veterans' Affairs Secretary
means the Secretary of the Department administered by the Minister administering the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986.

withholding tax
has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

work and income support related withholding payments and benefits
means:


(a) payments from which an amount:


(i) must be withheld under a provision of Subdivision 12-B (other than section 12-55), 12-C or 12-D or Division 13 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 (even if the amount is not withheld); or

(ii) would be required to be withheld under a provision mentioned in subparagraph (i) (other than section 12-55) apart from subsection 12-1(1A) in Schedule 1 to that Act; and


(b) amounts included in a person's assessable income under section 86-15 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 in respect of which an amount must be paid under Division 13 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 (even if the amount is not paid); and


(c) non-cash benefits in relation to which the provider of the benefit must pay an amount to the Commissioner under Division 14 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 (even if the amount is not paid).

year of income
means an income year as defined in subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

year of tax
means the financial year for which income tax is levied.

6(1A)  


Unless the contrary intention appears, a reference in this Act to a failure to do an act or thing includes a reference to a refusal to do the act or thing.

6(2)  
(Repealed by No 97 of 2008)

6(2AA)  


A reference in this Act to an accounting period adopted in lieu of a year of income includes a reference to an accounting period:


(a) that commences or ends under section 18A; and


(b) that would, but for that section, form part of an accounting period so adopted.

6(2AB)  


The Commissioner may, by legislative instrument, make a determination modifying the operation of one or more provisions of this Act in relation to limited partnerships whose accounting periods commence or end under section 18A of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

6(2AC)  


A determination can only be made under subsection (2AB) in order to take account of the fact that such accounting periods are of less than 12 months' duration.

6(2AD)  
(Repealed by No 58 of 2006)

6(2A)  
(Repealed by No 97 of 2008)

6(3)  


The express references in this Act to companies do not imply that references to persons do not include references to companies.

6(4)  


Paragraph (d) of the definition of dividend in subsection (1) does not apply if, under an arrangement:


(a) a person pays or credits any money or gives property to the company and the company credits its share capital account with the amount of the money or the value of the property; and


(b) the company pays or credits any money, or distributes property to another person, and debits its share capital account with the amount of the money or the value of the property so paid, credited or distributed.

6(5)  
(Repealed by No 63 of 1998)

6(6)  


Where a place is, by virtue of paragraph (d) of the definition of permanent establishment in subsection (1), a permanent establishment of a person, the person shall, for the purposes of this Act, be deemed to be carrying on at or through that permanent establishment the business of selling the goods manufactured, assembled, processed, packed or distributed by the other person at the place that is that permanent establishment.

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