Income tax: capital gains: for the purposes of CGT event B1, what is meant by the expression 'at the end of an agreement' in section 104-15 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997?
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FOI status:may be releasedFOI number: I 1021180
|This Taxation Determination is a 'public ruling' for the purposes of Part IVAAA of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 and is legally binding on the Commissioner. Taxation Rulings TR 92/1 and TR 97/16 together explain when a Determination is a public ruling and how it is legally binding on the Commissioner.|
|Date of effect|
|This determination applies to years commencing both before and after its date of issue. However, this Determination does not apply to taxpayers to the extent that it conflicts with the terms of settlement of a dispute agreed to before the date of the Determination (see paragraphs 21 and 22 of Taxation Ruling TR 92/20).|
1. CGT event B1 (about use and enjoyment before title passes) in section 104-15 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 happens if you enter into an agreement under which the right to the use and enjoyment of a CGT asset you own passes to another entity and title in the asset will or may pass to the other entity at the end of the agreement.
- at the end of the period for which the agreement runs; or
- during that period.
4. If under the agreement which provides the right to the use and enjoyment title will or may pass at the end of the agreement, CGT event B1 is triggered and you make any capital gain or capital loss when the other entity first obtains the use and enjoyment of your asset.
6. If the asset does not pass, in fact, during or at the end of the period (i.e., at the end of the agreement), any capital gain or loss you made when the agreement was entered is disregarded: subsection 104-15(4).
7. Perry allows his son use and enjoyment of the family holiday house as and when his son wishes with an expectation that some time in the future, when his son can afford to buy it, the title of the house will pass to him. This type of loose family arrangement does not fall within CGT event B1 because there is no agreement under which title will or may pass and because there is no specific point of time or particular occurrence when the arrangement will end.
8. Bill leases a parcel of land, giving him use and enjoyment of the land. As part of the agreement with the lessor, Bill is granted a right of first refusal for the acquisition of the land, so that if the lessor decides to sell the property, he has to offer it to Bill first. This situation is not covered by CGT event B1 because the agreement is not one under which title will or may pass at the end of the agreement.
9. Jim owns a boat that his neighbour, Ken, is interested in buying but Ken wants to try out the boat first. Jim agrees to hire the boat to Ken and the agreement provides that Ken will buy the boat at the end of three years unless Ken decides to buy the boat sooner. Jim agrees that, if Ken does buy it, Jim will apply the hire fees against the agreed purchase price. Some months later, Ken inherits some money and approaches Jim to take the boat. The sale is concluded. Because there was an agreement under which Ken had a right to the use and enjoyment of the boat and under that agreement title to it would or might pass to Ken when the hire purchase agreement ends - which could be after three years or within that period - CGT event B1 occurs when Ken first obtained the use and enjoyment of the boat and not when Jim actually transferred the boat to him. Had the three years passed without Ken buying the boat, any capital gain or capital loss Jim made from the CGT event would be disregarded.
Commissioner of Taxation
15 December 1999