Income tax: capital gains: is a CGT asset that is leased by a taxpayer to a connected entity for use in the connected entity's business an active asset under section 152-40 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997?
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1. Yes. A CGT asset leased by a taxpayer to a connected entity for use in the connected entity's business is an active asset of the taxpayer under section 152-40 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 (ITAA 1997), unless the use by the connected entity is excluded by paragraph 152-40(4)(e) of the ITAA 1997. Paragraph 152-40(4)(e) of the ITAA 1997 excludes, among other things, assets whose main use is to derive rent (unless such use was only temporary).
Example: use by a connected entity
2. Joe owns 100% of the shares in Smash Repair Co, which carries on a panel beating business. Joe and the company are therefore connected with each other. Joe also owns the business premises and leases them to the company for the conduct of its business.
3. Although Joe is wholly using the premises to derive rent, Smash Repair Co (a connected entity) is wholly using them in the course of carrying on a business. The premises are therefore not excluded under paragraph 152-40(4)(e) of the ITAA 1997 and are therefore an active asset of Joe's under subparagraph 152-40(1)(a)(iii) of the ITAA 1997.
Date of effect
4. This Determination applies to years commencing both before and after its date of issue. However, the Determination does not apply to taxpayers to the extent that it conflicts with the terms of settlement of a dispute agreed to before the date of issue of the Determination (see paragraphs 75 and 76 of Taxation Ruling TR 2006/10).
Commissioner of Taxation
15 November 2006
Appendix 1 - Explanation
|This Appendix is provided as information to help you understand how the Commissioner's view has been reached. It does not form part of the binding public ruling.|
5. For the small business concessions in Division 152 of the ITAA 1997 to apply to reduce or disregard a capital gain, the relevant CGT asset must satisfy the active asset test in section 152-35 of the ITAA 1997. The active asset test requires the relevant CGT asset to be an active asset for half a particular period.
- it is used (or held ready for use) in the course of carrying on a business by you, an affiliate of yours or an entity connected with you; or
- it is an intangible asset that is inherently connected with a business you, your affiliate, or another entity that is connected with you, carries on (subsection 152-40(1) of the ITAA 1997).
Main use to derive rent
8. Paragraph 152-40(4)(e) of the ITAA 1997 excludes, among other things, assets whose main use is to derive rent (unless such use was only temporary). Such assets are excluded even if they are used in the course of carrying on a business. Of course, if the activities carried on do not amount to the carrying on of a business, it is unnecessary to consider whether the main use of the asset is to derive rent.
Use by a connected entity
9. If a CGT asset, such as land, is leased by a taxpayer to a connected entity for use in the connected entity's business, the question arises as to whether the main use of the asset is to derive rent. In this situation, the asset is wholly used by the taxpayer to derive rent. However, in determining the main use of an asset for the purposes of paragraph 152-40(4)(e) of the ITAA 1997, any use of the asset by a connected entity is treated as the taxpayer's use of the asset (paragraph 152-40(4A)(b) of the ITAA 1997).
10. Therefore, an asset leased to a connected entity for use in the connected entity's business will not, by that reason alone, be excluded by paragraph 152-40(4)(e) of the ITAA 1997 from being an active asset of the taxpayer.
11. As noted in the Treasurer's Press Release No. 38 of 2006 (9 May 2006), the Board of Taxation's report on its Post-Implementation Review of the small business CGT concessions contains a number of administrative recommendations. This Taxation Determination is part of the Commissioner's response to Recommendation 7.3 of the Board's report.
active asset test
basic conditions for relief
capital gains tax
CGT small business relief
small business relief
Treasurer's Press Release No. 38 of 2006 (9 May 2006)