Taxation Ruling

TR 2003/13

Income tax: employment termination payments (ETP): payments made in consequence of the termination of any employment: meaning of the phrase 'in consequence of'

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FOI status:

may be released

What this Ruling is about
Ruling
Date of effect
Explanation
Examples
Detailed contents list

Preamble

The number, subject heading, What this Ruling is about (including Class of person/arrangement section, Date of effect, and Ruling parts of this document are a 'public ruling' for the purposes of Part IVAAA of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 and are legally binding on the Commissioner. The remainder of the document is administratively binding on the Commissioner of Taxation. Taxation Rulings TR 92/1 and TR 97/16 together explain when a Ruling is a 'public ruling' and how it is binding on the Commissioner.

[Note: This is a consolidated version of this document. Refer to the Tax Office Legal Database (https://www.ato.gov.au/law) to check its currency and to view the details of all changes.]

What this Ruling is about

Class of person/arrangement

1. This Ruling discusses the meaning of the phrase 'in consequence of' in the context of the expression 'in consequence of the termination of any employment' as used in Subdivision 82-C of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 ('ITAA 1936').

2. The meaning of the phrase is relevant for determining whether:

·
a severance payment, such as a 'golden handshake', made in respect of a taxpayer by a former employer of the taxpayer is an employment termination payment under subsection 82-130(1) of the ITAA 1997;
·
a payment made in respect of a taxpayer as a result of settlement of litigation arising out of the termination of the taxpayer's employment is an employment termination payment under subsection 82-130(1) of the ITAA 1997;
·
a commuted invalidity pension paid to a taxpayer is an invalidity segment of an employment termination payment under section 82-150 of the ITAA 1997; and
·
a lump sum commuted workers' compensation payment made in relation to a taxpayer is an employment termination payment under subsection 82-130(1) of the ITAA 1997.

3. This Ruling does not consider the circumstances that may constitute a termination of employment.

4. [Omitted.]

Ruling

5. The phrase 'in consequence of' is not defined in the ITAA 1997. However, those words appeared in the former provisions of the ITAA 1936 and have been interpreted by the courts in that context. The phrase 'in consequence of' in the former provisions conveys the same idea as in Division 82 of the ITAA 1997, and accordingly the consideration of the phrase by the courts in the context of the former provisions is also applicable to the interpretation of the phrase in Division 82 of the ITAA 1997. Whilst there are divergent views as to the correct interpretation of the phrase, the Commissioner considers that a payment is received by a taxpayer in consequence of the termination of the taxpayer's employment if the payment 'follows as an effect or result of' the termination. In other words, but for the termination of employment, the payment would not have been received by the taxpayer.

6. The phrase requires a causal connection between the termination and the payment, although the termination need not be the dominant cause of the payment. The question of whether a payment is received in consequence of the termination of employment will be determined by the relevant facts and circumstances of each case.

7. The greater the length of time between the termination of employment and the payment, the more likely that the causal connection between the termination and the payment will be too remote for a conclusion that a payment was received in consequence of the termination of employment. However, length of time will not be determinative when there is a presently existing right to payment of the amount at the time of termination. Accordingly, if at the time of termination of employment the taxpayer has the right to commute a pension to a lump sum amount at a later date, the subsequent exercise of that right will be considered to be in consequence of the termination of employment.

8. Where, after the date of termination, a taxpayer obtains the right to commute a pension to a lump sum, the payment resulting from exercising that right would not be one that is received in consequence of the termination of employment. The payment does not 'follow on as an effect or result of' the termination. The obtaining of the right to commute is an intervening event which makes the causal link between the termination and payment too remote.

Date of effect

9. This Ruling applies to income years commencing both before and after its date of issue. However, this Ruling will not apply to taxpayers to the extent that it conflicts with the terms of a settlement of a dispute agreed to before the date of issue of this Ruling (see paragraphs 75 and 76 of Taxation Ruling TR 2006/10).

Explanation

Meaning of 'in consequence of' the termination of a taxpayer's employment

10. Division 82 of the ITAA 1997 contains the substantive rules governing the taxation of employment termination payments (ETPs). The term 'employment termination payment', as defined in section 82-130 of the ITAA 1997, includes any payment made in respect of a taxpayer 'in consequence of the termination of their employment', other than certain specified payments. Common examples of ETPs include golden handshakes, contractual termination payments and payments for wrongful dismissal. However, ETPs do not include other termination payments such as unused annual or long service leave payments, redundancy payments, early retirement scheme payments or foreign termination payments.[1A]

11. The phrase 'in consequence of the termination of any employment' in the former provision has been considered on a number of occasions by the High Court and the Federal Court. Two divergent views on the meaning of the phrase have emerged from the judgments in those cases.

12. The Full High Court of Australia considered the expression 'in consequence of the termination of any employment' in the context of former paragraph 26(d) of the ITAA 1936 in Reseck v FCT.[1] The relevant issue in that case was whether amounts paid to a taxpayer by his employer at the end of two periods of employment, to which the taxpayer was entitled under an agreement between the employer and the taxpayer's union, were an allowance paid in a lump sum 'in consequence of retirement from, or the termination of, any office or employment...' Gibbs J concluded that the amounts were an allowance within former paragrpah 26(d) of the ITAA 1936 and were made in consequence of the termination of the taxpayer's employment. His Honour said at 4216-17 that:


'Within the ordinary meaning of the words, a sum is paid in consequence of the termination of employment when the payment follows as an effect or result of the termination... It is not in my opinion necessary that the termination of the services should be the dominant cause of the payment... In the present case the allowance was paid in consequence of a number of circumstances, including the fact that the taxpayer's service had been satisfactory and that the industrial agreements provided for the payment, but it was none the less paid in consequence of the termination of the taxpayer's employment.' (emphasis added)

13. Jacobs J also concluded that the amounts constituted an allowance that was paid in consequence of the termination of the taxpayer's employment. His Honour said at 4219:


'It was submitted that the words 'in consequence of' import a concept that the termination of the employment was the dominant cause of the payment. This cannot be so. A consequence in this context is not the same as a result. It does not import causation but rather a 'following on'.'

14. Although Jacobs J and Gibbs J agreed that the termination of employment need not be the dominant cause of the payment, they adopted different interpretations to the phrase 'in consequence of'. These different interpretations were considered by the Full Federal Court in McIntosh v. FC of T.[2] The matter before the court in McIntosh concerned a taxpayer who one week after retirement commuted part of the pension, to which he became entitled upon his retirement, into a lump sum. The commuted payment was made out of a provident fund established by a bank for the payment of benefits to bank officers on their retirement. The issue being considered by the court was whether the commuted lump sum payment came within former paragraph 26(d) of the ITAA 1936.

15. Brennan J considered the judgments of Gibbs J and Jacobs J in Reseck and concluded that their Honours were both saying that a causal nexus between the termination and payment was required, though it was not necessary for the termination to be the dominant cause of the payment. Brennan J said at 4328 that:


'Though Jacobs J. speaks in different terms, his meaning may not be significantly different from the meaning of Gibbs J... His Honour denies the necessity to show that retirement is the dominant cause, but he does not allow a temporal sequence alone to suffice as the nexus. Though the language of causation often contains the seeds of confusion, I apprehend his Honour to hold the required nexus to be (at least) that the payment would not have been made but for the retirement. In the Supreme Court Andrews J in McIntosh v. Federal Commissioner of Taxation [1978] Qd R 354 said:

'I think it clear that the statements of Jacobs J. refers to something more than the occurrence of events in a purely temporal progression and that it connotes a relationship between events or states of things and the payment in question to which some persons might apply the adjective causal, while others would see the link in that one or more of such events or states of things must necessarily exist or occur as precedent to the payment, so as to constitute a condition or conditions precedent, both meaning the same thing'.[78 ATC 4324 at p. 4328]

'It may not be appropriate to speak of conditions if a payment is made voluntarily, but if a payment is made to satisfy a payee's entitlement, the phrase 'in consequence of retirement' requires that the retirement be the occasion of, and a condition of, entitlement to the payment. A sufficient causal nexus between the payment and the retirement is thus established.'

16. The second judge in McIntosh, Toohey J also quoted the views of Gibbs J and Jacobs J. Toohey J did not find that the views on the meaning of 'in consequence of' were inconsistent. After referring to relevant parts of both judgments in Reseck, Toohey J continued at 4330-4331:


'In the present case it may be true to say that the immediate cause of the payment to the taxpayer of the sum of $27,006.84 was the exercise by him of the right to commute a percentage of the pension to which he was entitled. To say that is not to exclude the notion that the payment was in consequence of the taxpayer's retirement. In my view, the payment followed on the taxpayer's retirement, the only intervening event being the exercise of the option to commute. The connection was not simply temporal; retirement was a prerequisite to payment and in that sense there was a 'following on' as I understand the language of Jacobs J.'

17. In reaching his conclusion, Toohey J relied on the Gibbs' J construction of the meaning of 'in consequence of'. His Honour said at 4331:


'The option to commute was simply a right to change one form of payment into another. It was not suggested that the entitlement to a pension was not an effect or result of retirement from employment. Equally the payment of a lump sum produced by commutation was such an effect or result. The fact that the election might be exercised after retirement did not destroy that connection; indeed the prescription of such a short period as one month might be thought to strengthen it.'

18. The third judge in the Full Federal Court was Lockhart J. In turning to the issue of the meaning of 'in consequence of' his Honour first quoted the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary meaning of the words 'consequence' and 'antecedent' at 4335:

'1.
A thing or circumstance which follows as an effect or result from something preceding. 2. The action, or condition, of so following; the relation of a result to its cause or antecedent.'


The word 'antecedent' is defined in the same dictionary as a 'thing or circumstance which goes before in time or order, often also implying causal relation with its consequent.'

19. Lockhart J then considered whether the view put forward by Gibbs J on the meaning of 'in consequence of' was fundamentally different from that of Jacobs J. By way of comment on the judgment of Gibbs J his Honour said at 4336:


'In my opinion his Honour was saying that the phrase includes the case where retirement or termination is a cause of the payment in question; but he was not excluding from the ambit of the phrase, payments which, although not following as a matter of causation from the termination of employment, nevertheless followed on the termination of employment and had connection therewith.'

20. Lockhart J also commented on Jacobs J's construction of the phrase 'in consequence of'. His Honour said at 4336:


'In my opinion his Honour did not use the words 'following on' as referring merely to a temporal progression of events. Rather his Honour had in mind a connection between the retirement from or the termination of employment and the payment in question as well as a temporal progression of events. I do not read the words of his Honour as excluding a connection that is causal in character; rather his Honour enunciated a wider test than one merely of causation and expressed it as a 'following on'; a concept that may in an appropriate case include a relevant causal connection. In other words a payment that is caused by the act of retirement from or termination of employment would fall within the test of a 'following on'; but so would other payments that do not have such causal connection, provided there is a link or connection between the termination of or retirement from employment and the making of the payments. In my opinion Gibbs J. and Jacobs J. were not construing the phrase 'in consequence of' differently.'

21. Lockhart J went on to conclude at 4336 that:


'In my opinion, although the phrase is sufficiently wide to include a payment caused by the retirement of the taxpayer, it is not confined to such a payment. The phrase requires that there be a connection between the payment and the retirement of the taxpayer, the act of retirement being either a cause or an antecedent of the payment. The phrase used in section 26(d) is not 'caused by' but 'in consequence of'. It has a wider connotation than causation and assumes a connection between the circumstance of retirement and the act of payment such that the payment can be said to be a 'following on' of the retirement.'

22. The phrase 'in consequence of' and the decisions in Reseck and McIntosh were also considered by the Federal Court in Le Grand v. Commissioner of Taxation.[3] The issue before the court was whether an amount received by the applicant as a result of accepting an offer of compromise in respect of claims brought by him against his former employer, in relation to the termination of his employment was in whole, or in part, an ETP. The applicant had made a claim for common law damages for breach of the employment agreement and a claim for statutory damages pursuant to the provisions of the Trade Practices Act and the Fair Trading Act in respect of the claims for misleading and deceptive conduct. The settlement amount would be an ETP if it was paid in consequence of the termination of the applicant's employment.

23. The applicant argued that the payment was not made in consequence of the termination of employment because the 'occasion' of the payment was not the termination of employment. In making such an argument, the applicant specifically relied upon the words of Brennan J in McIntosh that the retirement must be 'a condition of, and the occasion of, entitlement to payment'.

24. The applicant also argued that his circumstances were akin to those relating to the payment of retirement benefits considered in Paklan Pty Ltd (in liq) v. Federal Commissioner of Taxation.[4] In Paklan, the majority of the Full Federal Court relied on the words of Brennan J in McIntosh and concluded that a payment will be made in consequence of the termination of employment if the retirement of the taxpayer is the occasion of the payment.

25. In Paklan Northrop and Fisher JJ found that there was not a sufficient causal nexus between the payment and the retirement to make the retirement the occasion for the payment (at ATC 4472). It is significant that the focus of Northrop and Fisher JJ was on the need for a causal nexus between the termination and the payment. The focus on establishing that the termination is a cause of the payment is consistent with the approach taken by Gibbs J in Reseck and Brennan and Toohey JJ in McIntosh. The decision of the majority in Paklan also highlights that the causal nexus must not be too remote.

26. Goldberg J distinguished Paklan on the basis that the facts were quite different to those in Le Grand and he also did not accept that the correct test was that expressed by Brennan J in McIntosh. In rejecting the applicant's argument, his Honour said at 1270:


'I do not consider that the issue can simply be determined by seeking to identify the 'occasion' for the payment. The thrust of the judgments in Reseck and McIntosh is rather to the effect that a payment is made 'in consequence' of a particular circumstance when the payment follows on from, and is an effect or result, in a causal sense, of that circumstance. ...it can be said that a payment may be made in consequence of a number of circumstances and that, for present purposes, it is not necessary that the termination of the employment be the dominant cause of the payment so long as the payment follows, in the causal sense referred to in those judgments, as an effect or result of the termination.'

27. Goldberg J continued at 1271:


'I am satisfied that there is a sufficient connection between the termination of the applicant's employment and the payment to warrant the finding that the payment was made 'in consequence of the termination' of the applicant's employment. I am satisfied that the payment was an effect or result of that termination in the sense that there was a sequence of events following the termination of the employment which had a relationship and connection which ultimately led to the payment.'

28. Goldberg J concluded that the test for determining when a payment is made in consequence of the termination of employment is that which was articulated by Gibbs J in Reseck. Thus, for the payment to have been made in consequence of the termination of employment the payment must follow as an effect or result of the termination of employment. There must be a causal connection between the termination and the payment even though the termination need not be the dominant cause.

29. The judgments in Reseck, McIntosh and Le Grand are all consistent in respect of the finding that the termination need not be the dominant cause of the payment for there to be a conclusion that a payment is made in consequence of the termination of employment. However, the judgments do diverge in that there appears to be two different interpretations of the meaning of 'in consequence of the termination of employment': one interpretation being broader than the other. The narrower interpretation requires that there be a causal connection in the sense that the payment follows as an effect or result of the termination of employment. That is, but for the termination of employment the payment would not have been made to the taxpayer. The broader view is that a payment will be in consequence of the termination of employment if the termination is either a cause of the payment or an antecedent event. The Commissioner considers that the narrower view accords more closely with the ordinary meaning of 'consequence' and is therefore to be preferred.

Severance payments such as golden handshakes

30. A severance payment that is made in respect of a taxpayer by a former employer after the termination of the taxpayer's employment, such as a golden handshake, is a payment that follows as an effect or result of the termination. Accordingly, the payment is made in consequence of the termination of employment. In such circumstances there is a causal connection between the payment and the termination of employment in that the payment would not have been made to the taxpayer but for the termination of the employment.

Settlement of litigation proceedings

31. It is clear from the decision in Le Grand, that when a payment is made to settle a claim brought by a taxpayer for wrongful dismissal or claims of a similar nature that arise as a result of an employer terminating the employment of the taxpayer, the payment will have a sufficient causal connection with the termination of the taxpayer's employment. The payment will be taken to have been made in consequence of the termination of employment because it would not have been made but for the termination.

32. The Federal Court in Dibb v. FC of T[5] adopted the approach of Goldberg J in Le Grand. At issue was whether a payment received by the taxpayer under a deed of release, following the settlement of Federal Court proceedings against his former employer, was an ETP. In deciding the payment was an ETP, Heery J held that the length of time between the termination of employment, the commencement of court proceedings and payment following settlement did not sever the causal connection between the termination and the payment. It was sufficient that the subject matter of the litigation was the termination. Heery J found at 296 that:


'The various causes of action whether breach of contract, conspiracy, breach of fiduciary duty or contravention of the Trade Practices Act were, as Goldberg J would say (Le Grand at [36]), 'interwoven and intertwined' with the termination. The payment was a consequence of the settlement, which was a consequence of the Federal Court proceeding, which in turn was a consequence of the termination.'

Invalidity segments of ETPs

33. An ETP will include an invalidity segment within the meaning of section 82-150 of the ITAA 1997 if: the payment was made to a person because he or she stops being 'gainfully employed'; the person stopped being gainfully employed because he or she suffered from ill-health (whether physical or mental); the 'gainful employment' stopped before the person's 'last retirement day'; and two legally qualified medical practitioners have certified that, because of the ill-health, it is unlikely that the person can ever be gainfully employed in a capacity for which he or she is reasonably qualified because of education, experience or training.

34. The issue of whether a payment made to a taxpayer several years after the termination of employment was an invalidity payment within the meaning of former section 27G of the ITAA 1936 (the predecessor to section 82-150 of the ITAA 1997) was considered by the AAT in Seabright v. FC of T.[6] In that case a taxpayer terminated her employment on 16 October 1984 on medical grounds. The relevant documentation was provided in accordance with former section 27G of the ITAA 1936 and confirmed that the taxpayer's disability was likely to result in her being unable ever to be employed in a capacity for which she was reasonably qualified because of education, training or experience. On termination, the taxpayer commenced to receive an invalidity pension from the employer. The pension was commuted on 9 May 1996.

35. The issue before the Tribunal was whether the lump sum payment included an invalidity payment which was exempt from tax. For there to be an invalidity payment, former section 27G of the ITAA 1936 requires that the lump sum payment be an ETP that was made in consequence of the termination of employment of the taxpayer. The Commissioner contended that the payment was not an ETP to which the section applied as it had not been paid in consequence of the termination of employment by reason of invalidity. Rather, the Commissioner argued that the receipt of the lump sum was the consequence of the offer by the Victorian Superannuation Board to commute the entitlement to a pension into a lump sum payment.

36. Ms Seabright claimed she was injured at work and the injury resulted in the termination of her employment. The termination, in turn, entitled Ms Seabright to a superannuation pension and she commuted her entitlement twelve years later in accordance with the fund rules. Consequently, the commuted lump sum payment was an ETP in consequence of the termination of employment.

37. Although the fund rules permitted the commutation of Ms Seabright's pension to a lump sum, the agreed facts on which the decision was based did not disclose whether the right to commute existed at the date of her termination of employment. The Commissioner therefore did not seek to argue that the lump sum had not been paid 'in consequence of' the termination of employment for that reason. The case was argued on the basis of the lack of direct causation and the elapse of time between the termination of employment and the commutation of the pension.

38. The Tribunal concluded that the payment was made in consequence of the termination of employment because the payment 'followed on' from the termination of employment. The Tribunal, in making its conclusion relied on Jacobs J's construction of the phrase 'in consequence of'. The Tribunal found that the test was a broad one and concluded at 2015 that:


'If the termination of employment can be seen as either a cause or an antecedent of the payment of the lump sum it can be said that the payment is made 'in consequence' of that termination.'

39. The Commissioner does not accept that a payment will be made in consequence of termination simply because the termination of employment was antecedent to the payment. There must be a causal connection between the termination and the payment. In Seabright the termination was a cause of the payment of the commuted lump sum amount and the causal connection was sufficient for a finding that the payment was made in consequence of the termination of employment. The facts in Seabright show that but for the termination of employment the taxpayer would not have received the commuted lump sum payment.

Commuted workers' compensation payments

40. The decision in Seabright was relied on by the Tribunal in the AAT decision in Gillespie v. Federal Commissioner of Taxation.[7] The Tribunal held that a lump sum workers' compensation payment was made in consequence of the termination of employment because the termination of employment of the taxpayer was antecedent to the payment of the lump sum.

41. In Gillespie the taxpayer was injured in the work place while in the employ of the Commonwealth Public Service. He retired from employment in 1986 on the grounds of total incapacity for work. The taxpayer received weekly compensation payments from Comcare, initially under the Compensation (Commonwealth Employees) Act 1971, and then the Safety Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 1988 (the Compensation Act). In 1998, he applied to have his weekly compensation payment redeemed into a lump sum pursuant to section 137[8] of the Compensation Act. The taxpayer argued before the Tribunal that the lump sum payment was an ETP.

42. The Senior Member considered that the reasoning in Seabright applied in Gillespie. He said at 2008 that:


'It is difficult to see that a redemption of a superannuation pension receivable as a consequence of retirement from employment is an ETP but that a redemption of weekly compensation payments is not where it can be said that the compensation payments followed on retirement from employment.'

43. The Senior Member found that the lump sum payment was an ETP because the incapacity caused the retirement and also resulted in the weekly compensation payments. The Senior Member also thought it relevant that section 137 of the Compensation Act provides for redemption of weekly compensation payments for former employees only. He therefore concluded that payment of the commuted lump sum was in consequence of the termination of employment.

44. The Commissioner is of the view that the Tribunal erred in finding that the commuted lump sum payment was made in consequence of the termination of employment. Although the termination of employment of the taxpayer was antecedent to the payment of the lump sum, the termination had no causal connection with the payment. The payment was a consequence of the injury and not the termination of employment. It could not be said in that case that but for the termination of employment the payment would not have been made. This is to be contrasted with the facts in Seabright where the injury at work caused the termination which in turn entitled the taxpayer to an invalidity pension. There is a clear causal nexus in the latter case between the termination and the payment which arguably does not exist in Gillespie.

45. The fact that commuted compensation payments are made to former employees under one provision in the Act and another provision for current employees[9] is not relevant. The taxpayer would be entitled to commute his weekly compensation payments into a lump sum regardless of whether his employment was terminated if the relevant conditions are met. Therefore, in terms of the test proposed by Gibbs J, it could not be said that but for the termination of employment the payment would not have been made.

46. It is interesting to note that Deputy President Muller did not follow the decision in Gillespie in Brackenreg v. FC of T.[10] The facts in Brackenreg were similar to those in Gillespie. The taxpayer retired due to injury and upon retirement became entitled to a weekly pension payable by Comsuper. Nine years later, entitlement to the weekly payments was redeemed pursuant to section 137 of the Compensation Act and a lump sum redemption payment was made to the taxpayer. In considering whether the payment was made in consequence of the termination of employment and therefore an ETP, Deputy President Muller found at paragraph 7 that:


'There is no connection at all between the lump sum redemption payment to Ms Brackenreg in the 1996 financial year and the termination of her employment in 1987. Ms Brackenreg's payment was not an 'eligible termination payment'

Examples

Example 1

47. Fred Brown was dismissed from his employment. He believed that he had been treated unjustly and took legal action against his former employer for unfair dismissal. Approximately 18 months later, Fred and his former employer agreed to an out of court settlement and a lump sum was paid to Fred soon after.

48. The payment was made in consequence of the termination of employment. Although the dominant cause of the payment was the claim brought by Fred against his former employer, there is still a causal connection between the termination and the payment of the settlement. But for the termination of employment, Fred would not have brought legal action against his former employer. The legal action, the termination and the payment are intertwined.

Example 2

49. [Omitted.]

50. [Omitted.]

51. [Omitted.]

52. [Omitted.]

53. [Omitted.]

54. [Omitted.]

55. [Omitted.]

56. [Omitted.]

57. [Omitted.]

58. [Omitted.]

59. [Omitted.]

60. [Omitted.]

61. [Omitted.]

62. [Omitted.]

63. [Omitted.]

64. [Omitted.]

65. [Omitted.]

66. [Omitted.]

Detailed contents list

67. Below is a detailed contents list for this Ruling:

  Paragraph
What this Ruling is about 1
Class of person/arrangement 1
Ruling 5
Date of effect 9
Explanation 10
Meaning of 'in consequence of' the termination of a taxpayer's employment 10
Severance payments such as golden handshakes 30
Settlement of litigation proceedings 31
Invalidity segments of ETP 33
Commuted workers compensation payments 40
Examples 47
Example 1 47
Detailed contents list 67

Commissioner of Taxation
22 October 2003

Footnotes


Section 82-135 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.


(1975) 133 CLR 45; 75 ATC 4213; (1975) 5 ATR 538


79 ATC 4325; (1980) 10 ATR 13


(2003) 51 ATR 139; 2002 ATC 4907


(1983) 67 FLR 328; (1983) 14 ATR 457; sub nom. Freeman and Ors v. FC of T 83 ATC 4456


(2003) 53 ATR 290


(1998) 40 ATR 1160; 99 ATC 2011


2002 ATC 2006


Section 137 provides that if:

(a)
a relevant authority is liable to make weekly payments of compensation to a former employee in respect of an injury resulting in an incapacity;
(b)
the amount of those payments if $62.99 per week or less; and
(c)
the relevant authority is satisfied that the degree of the former employee's incapacity is unlikely to change;


the relevant authority must, on written request by the former employee, make a determination that its liability to make further payments to the former employee be redeemed by the payment to the former employee of a lump sum.


Section 30 of the Compensation Act provides that where:

(a)
Comcare is liable to make weekly payments under section 19, 20, 21 or 21A to an employee in respect of an injury resulting in an incapacity;
(b)
the amount of those payments is $50 per week or less; and
(c)
Comcare is satisfied that the degree of the employee's incapacity is unlikely to change;


Comcare shall make a determination that its liability to make further payments to the employee under that section be redeemed by the payment to the employee of a lump sum.


[2003] AATA 824

Previously released as TR 2002/D12

References

ATO references:
NO 2002/020435

ISSN: 1039-0731

Related Rulings/Determinations:

TR 97/16
TR 92/1
TR 2006/10

Subject References:
employment termination payments
in consequence of
termination of employment
termination payments
commutation
workers compensation

Business Line:  TCN

Legislative References:
TAA 1953 Part IVAAA
ITAA 1997 82-130
ITAA 1997 82-150
Compensation (Commonwealth Employees) Act 1971
Safety Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 1988 (the Compensation Act)
the Compensation Act 1988 19
the Compensation Act 1988 20
the Compensation Act 1988 21
the Compensation Act 1988 21A
the Compensation Act 1988 137
Trade Practices Act
Fair Trading Act

Case References:
Brackenreg v. FC of T
[2003] AATA 824
2003 ATC 2196
53 ATR 1116


Dibb v. FC of T
(2003) 53 ATR 290
2003 ATC 4613

Gillespie v. FC of T
2002 ATC 2006
49 ATR 1012

Le Grand v. FC of T
2002 ATC 4907
(2003) 51 ATR 139

McIntosh v. FC of T
79 ATC 4325
(1980) 10 ATR 13

McIntosh v. FC of T
[1978] Qd R 354
(1978) 78 ATC 4324
(1978) 8 ATR 741

Reseck v. FC of T
(1975) 133 CLR 45
75 ATC 4213
(1975) 5 ATR 538

Paklan Pty Ltd (in liq) v. FC of T (sub nom. Freeman and Ors v FC of T)
(1983) 67 FLR 328
(1983) 14 ATR 457
83 ATC 4456

Seabright v. FC of T
(1998) 40 ATR 1160
99 ATC 2011

TR 2003/13 history
  Date: Version: Change:
  22 October 2003 Original ruling  
  29 November 2006 Original ruling + note Repeal provision note
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