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Bankruptcy Amendment (Debt Agreement Reform) Bill 2018

Replacement Explanatory Memorandum

(Circulated by authority of the Attorney-General, the Hon Christian Porter MP)
This memorandum replaces the Explanatory Memorandum presented to the House of Representatives on 14 February 2018.

General Outline

1. This Bill amends the Bankruptcy Act 1966 .

2. The Bill will effect a comprehensive reform of Australia's debt agreement system. Debt agreements are an increasingly popular alternative to bankruptcy. Between 2007 and 2016, new debt agreements increased from 6,560 to 12,640 per year. Over the same period, new bankruptcies declined from 25,754 to 16,842 per year. As a result, the commercial debt agreement administrator industry now performs a significant financial advising function, including in relation to people in financially vulnerable circumstances. Consequently, debtors, creditors and the public should have reason to place trust and confidence in the debt agreement system.

3. Significant measures in the Bill make provision for:

the types of practitioners authorised to be debt agreement administrators
registration, deregistration and the obligations of debt agreement administrators
formation, administration, variation and termination of debt agreements
protections against debt agreements that cause financial hardship or have other defects, and
powers of the Inspector-General in Bankruptcy (Inspector-General) with respect to debt agreements and debt agreement administrators.

4. It is intended that the measures in the Bill will boost confidence in the professionalism of administrators, deter unscrupulous practices, enhance transparency between the administrator and stakeholders, and ensure that the debt agreement system is accessible and equitable.


5. The majority of amendments in the Bill will commence six months after Royal Assent. This will give debt agreement administrators and AFSA time to prepare for commencement of the reforms.


6. The Bill will have no direct financial impact.


7. The following abbreviations are used throughout this explanatory memorandum.

Abbreviation Definition
AFSA The Australian Financial Security Authority
Amending Act Bankruptcy Amendment (Debt Agreement Reform) Act 2018
Bankruptcy Act Bankruptcy Act 1966
Bankruptcy Regulations Bankruptcy Regulations 1996
Bill Bankruptcy Amendment (Debt Agreement Reform) Bill 2018
Practice Rules Insolvency Practice Rules (Bankruptcy) 2016

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