Taxation Determination

TD 2016/13

Income tax: what are the reasonable travel and overtime meal allowance expense amounts for the 2016-17 income year?

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1. This Determination sets out the amounts that the Commissioner considers are reasonable (reasonable amounts) for the substantiation exception in Subdivision 900-B of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 (ITAA 1997) for the 2016-17 income year in relation to claims made for:

overtime meal allowance expenses - for food and drink in connection with overtime worked and where a meal allowance has been paid under an industrial instrument
domestic travel allowance expenses (excluding employee truck drivers) - accommodation, food and drink, and incidentals that are covered by the allowance
travel allowance expenses for employee truck drivers - food and drink that are covered by the allowance, and
overseas travel allowance expenses - food and drink and incidentals that are covered by the allowance.

Taxation Ruling TR 2004/6

2. This Determination should be read together with Taxation Ruling TR 2004/6 Income tax: substantiation exception for reasonable travel and overtime meal allowance expenses which explains the substantiation exception and the way in which these expenses are able to be claimed. It is important to remember that in 'setting the reasonable amount ... the Commissioner does not determine the amount of allowance an employee should receive or an employer should pay their employees. The amount of an allowance is a matter to be determined between the payer and the payee'. (Refer to paragraph 33 of TR 2004/6.)

3. Key points from TR 2004/6 about claiming travel allowance expenses and overtime meal allowance expenses are:

Expenses claimed must have been incurred and be an allowable deduction - The payment of an allowance does not of itself allow a deduction to be claimed. Before a deduction can be claimed:

the expenses claimed cannot exceed the amount actually incurred, and
the expenses must be incurred for work-related purposes and be deductible under the income tax law.

Allowance must be paid - The substantiation exception only applies if the employee is paid an overtime meal allowance or a travel allowance. The allowance must have an identifiable connection with the nature of the expense covered.
For travel allowance expenses - The employee must sleep away from home.
Substantiation exception - Where the amount claimed is no more than the applicable reasonable amount, substantiation of the claim with written evidence is not required.
Claims in excess of reasonable amounts - If the amount claimed is more than the reasonable amount, the whole claim must be substantiated, not just the excess.
Verification of reasonable claims - In appropriate cases, where the substantiation exception is relied on, the employee may still be required to show:

how they worked out their claim
the expense was actually incurred
an entitlement to a deduction (for example that work-related travel was undertaken)
a bona fide travel allowance was paid, and
if accommodation is claimed, that commercial accommodation was used.

The nature and degree of evidence will depend on the circumstances: for example the circumstances under which the employer pays allowances, the occupation of the employee, and the total amount of allowances received and expenses claimed during the year by the employee.

Tax return treatment - Where a travel or overtime meal allowance is not shown on the payment summary, does not exceed the reasonable amount and has been fully spent on deductible expenses, neither the allowance nor the expenses should be shown on the employee's tax return. If an amount less than the allowance has been spent, the income tax return must include the allowance and the deductible expenses claimed. Whenever a claim is made for overtime meal or travel allowance expenses the allowance must also be included in the tax return.

Reasonable amount for overtime meal allowance expenses

4. For overtime meal expenses to be considered under the exception from substantiation, the meal allowance must be a bona fide meal allowance (refer to paragraph 87 of TR 2004/6) paid or payable under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory, or an award, order, determination or industrial agreement in force under such a law (section 900-60 of the ITAA 1997).

5. For the 2016-17 income year the reasonable amount for overtime meal allowance expenses is $29.40

Reasonable amounts for domestic travel allowance expenses

Types of expenses

6. This Determination shows reasonable amounts for travel allowance expenses. The reasonable amounts are given for:

accommodation at daily rates (for domestic travel only)
meals (showing breakfast, lunch and dinner), and
expenses incidental to travel.

Travel destinations

7. These amounts are shown for the following travel destination:

each Australian State and Territory capital city
certain specified high cost regional and country centres (at individual rates)
other specified regional and country centres (at a common rate), and
all other regional and country centres (at a common rate).

Accommodation expenses

8. The accommodation rates shown for domestic travel apply only for short stays in commercial establishments like hotels, motels and serviced apartments. If a different type of accommodation is used the rates do not apply.

Meal expenses

9. The reasonable amount for meals depends on the period and time of travel. That is, the rates only apply to meals (that is breakfast, lunch, dinner) that fall within the time of day from the commencement of travel to the end of travel covered by the allowance.

Incidental expenses

10. The reasonable amount applies in full to each day of travel covered by the allowance, without the need to apportion for any part-day travel on the first and last day.

Reasonable amounts for 2016-17

11. The reasonable amounts for daily travel allowance expenses, according to salary levels and destinations, for the 2016-17 income year are shown in Tables 1 to 6 as follows.

Table 1: Employee's annual salary - $117,450 and below
Place Accomm.
Food and drink
B'fast 26.45
Lunch 29.75
Dinner 50.70
Adelaide 157 106.90 19.05 282.95
Brisbane 205 106.90 19.05 330.95
Canberra 168 106.90 19.05 293.95
Darwin 216 106.90 19.05 341.95
Hobart 132 106.90 19.05 257.95
Melbourne 173 106.90 19.05 298.95
Perth 203 106.90 19.05 328.95
Sydney 185 106.90 19.05 310.95
High cost country centres See Table 4 106.90 19.05 Variable - see Table 4
Tier 2 country centres (see Table 5) 132 B'fast 23.70
Lunch 27.05
Dinner 46.65
19.05 248.45
Other country centres 110 B'fast 23.70
Lunch 27.05
Dinner 46.65
19.05 226.45
Table 2: Employee's annual salary - $117,451 to $209,000
Place Accomm.
Food and drink
B'fast 28.80
Lunch 40.75
Dinner 57.05
Adelaide 208 126.60 27.25 361.85
Brisbane 257 126.60 27.25 410.85
Canberra 223 126.60 27.25 376.85
Darwin 287 126.60 27.25 440.85
Hobart 176 126.60 27.25 329.85
Melbourne 228 126.60 27.25 381.85
Perth 245 126.60 27.25 398.85
Sydney 246 126.60 27.25 399.85
High cost country centres See Table 4 126.60 27.25 Variable - see Table 4
Tier 2 country centres (see Table 5) 152 B'fast 26.45
Lunch 27.05
Dinner 52.70
27.25 285.45
Other country centres 134 B'fast 26.45
Lunch 27.05
Dinner 52.70
27.25 267.45
Table 3: Employee's annual salary - $209,001 and above
Place Accomm.
Food and drink
B'fast 34.00
Lunch 48.00
Dinner 67.30
Adelaide 209 149.30 27.25 385.55
Brisbane 257 149.30 27.25 433.55
Canberra 246 149.30 27.25 422.55
Darwin 287 149.30 27.25 463.55
Hobart 195 149.30 27.25 371.55
Melbourne 265 149.30 27.25 441.55
Perth 265 149.30 27.25 441.55
Sydney 265 149.30 27.25 441.55
Country centres $195, or the relevant amount in Table 4 if higher 149.30 27.25 Variable - see Table 4 if applicable
Table 4: High cost country centres - accommodation expenses
Country centre $ Country centre $
Albany (WA) 179 Jabiru (NT) 200
Alice Springs (NT) 150 Kalgoorlie (WA) 159
Bordertown (SA) 135 Karratha (WA) 300
Bourke (NSW) 165 Katherine (NT) 134
Bright (VIC) 152 Kingaroy (QLD) 134
Broome (WA) 260 Kununurra (WA) 202
Bunbury (WA) 155 Mackay (QLD) 161
Burnie (TAS) 160 Maitland (NSW) 152
Cairns (QLD) 153 Mount Isa (QLD) 160
Carnarvon (WA) 151 Mudgee (NSW) 135
Castlemaine (VIC) 146 Newcastle (NSW) 165
Chinchilla (QLD) 143 Newman (WA) 195
Christmas Island (WA) 180 Norfolk Island (NSW) 329
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (WA) 285 Northam (WA) 163
Colac (VIC) 138 Orange (NSW) 155
Dalby (QLD) 150 Port Hedland (WA) 260
Dampier (WA) 175 Port Lincoln (SA) 170
Derby (WA) 190 Port Macquarie (NSW) 140
Devonport (TAS) 145 Port Pirie (SA) 150
Emerald (QLD) 156 Roma (QLD) 139
Esperance (WA) 141 Thursday Island (QLD) 200
Exmouth (WA) 255 Townsville (QLD) 143
Geraldton (WA) 175 Wagga Wagga (NSW) 144
Gladstone (QLD) 187 Weipa (QLD) 138
Gold Coast (QLD) 200 Whyalla (SA) 163
Gosford (NSW) 140 Wilpena-Pound (SA) 167
Halls Creek (WA) 199 Wollongong (NSW) 136
Hervey Bay (QLD) 157 Wonthaggi (VIC) 138
Horn Island (QLD) 200 Yulara (NT) 300
Table 5: Tier 2 country centres
Country centre Country centre
Albury (NSW) Kadina (SA)
Ararat (VIC) Launceston (TAS)
Armidale (NSW) Lismore (NSW)
Ayr (QLD) Mildura (VIC)
Bairnsdale (VIC) Mount Gambier (SA)
Ballarat (VIC) Muswellbrook (NSW)
Bathurst (NSW) Naracoorte (SA)
Bega (NSW) Nowra (NSW)
Benalla (VIC) Port Augusta (SA)
Bendigo (VIC) Portland (VIC)
Broken Hill (NSW) Queanbeyan (NSW)
Bundaberg (QLD) Queenstown (TAS)
Ceduna (SA) Renmark (SA)
Charters Towers (QLD) Rockhampton (QLD)
Coffs Harbour (NSW) Sale (VIC)
Cooma (NSW) Seymour (VIC)
Dubbo (NSW) Shepparton (VIC)
Echuca (VIC) Swan Hill (VIC)
Geelong (VIC) Tamworth (NSW)
Goulburn (NSW) Tennant Creek (NT)
Griffith (NSW) Toowoomba (QLD)
Gunnedah (NSW) Tumut (NSW)
Hamilton (VIC) Wangaratta (VIC)
Horsham (VIC) Warrnambool (VIC)
Innisfail (QLD) Wodonga (VIC)

Reasonable travel allowance expense claims for employee truck drivers

12. Amounts claimed up to the food and drink component only of the reasonable domestic daily travel allowance amounts for 'other country centres' are considered to be reasonable for meal expenses of employee truck drivers who have received a travel allowance and who are required to sleep away from home. For the 2016-17 income year, the relevant amounts are:

Table 6: Employee truck drivers[1]
Food and drink
$97.40 per day

Office holders covered by the Remuneration Tribunal

13. Daily domestic travel allowance expense claims made by office holders covered by the Remuneration Tribunal are considered to be reasonable amounts if they do not exceed the rate of allowances set by the Remuneration Tribunal for that office holder.

Federal Members of Parliament

14. The travel allowances paid to Federal Members of Parliament and Federal Parliamentary Secretaries, under the arrangements that commenced on 14 April 1998, are considered reasonable amounts for the recipients of those allowances. This includes the Capital City and Canberra travel allowance rates for domestic travel, having regard to the circumstances under which those allowances are paid.

Reasonable amounts for overseas travel allowance expenses

15. The reasonable amounts for overseas travel expenses are shown in Schedule 1 to this Determination. Table 1 of Schedule 1 sets out the cost group to which a country has been allocated. Table 2 of Schedule 1 sets out the reasonable amount for meal expenses and incidental travel expenses for each cost group for specified employee salary ranges.

16. If the employee travels to a country that is not shown in Table 1 of Schedule 1 the employee can use the reasonable amount for Cost Group 1 in Table 2 for the relevant salary range.

17. Employees travelling to two or more countries in the same day may use the cost group of the country that is in the higher cost group in determining their reasonable allowances amount.

Example - calculation of reasonable daily overseas travel expense amounts

18. An employee travels to China on business for two weeks and is paid a travel allowance of $350 per day ($150 for meals and incidentals and $200 for accommodation). The employee's annual salary is $91,000. The reasonable daily overseas travel allowance expense claim is calculated as follows:

Schedule 1 Table 1 lists China as Cost Group 5.
Using Table 2, at a salary of $91,000 per year, the reasonable overseas travel allowance amount for meals and incidental expenses for Cost Group 5 (which covers China) is $240.

19. The employee claims a deduction for meals and incidental expenses actually incurred of $190 per day. As the employee is claiming a deduction that is less than the reasonable amount of $240 per day, the employee does not need to keep written evidence to substantiate expenditure on meals and incidental expenses. The employee is required, however, to maintain a travel record and to keep receipts or other documentary evidence to substantiate accommodation expenses.

Date of effect

20. This Determination applies to the 2016-17 income year only. However, the Determination will not apply to taxpayers to the extent that it conflicts with the terms of settlement of a dispute agreed to before the date of issue of the Determination (see paragraphs 75 to 76 of Taxation Ruling TR 2006/10).

Commissioner of Taxation
1 July 2016

Appendix 1


21. If a country is not listed in Table 1 use the reasonable amount in Table 2 for Cost Group 1.

For cost groups see Table 2: Reasonable amounts by cost groups.

Table 1: Table of Countries

Country Cost Group Country Cost Group
Albania 2 Czech Republic 3
Algeria 3 Denmark 6
Angola 6 Dominican Republic 4
Antigua and Barbuda 5 East Timor 3
Argentina 2 Ecuador 4
Armenia 3 Egypt 3
Austria 5 El Salvador 3
Azerbaijan 3 Eritrea 3
Bahamas 6 Estonia 3
Bahrain 5 Ethiopia 3
Bangladesh 4 Fiji 3
Barbados 5 Finland 5
Belarus 2 France 5
Belgium 5 Gabon 6
Bermuda 6 Gambia 2
Bolivia 2 Georgia 3
Bosnia 2 Germany 5
Brazil 3 Ghana 4
Brunei 2 Gibraltar 3
Bulgaria 3 Greece 4
Burkina Faso 3 Guatemala 3
Cambodia 3 Guyana 3
Cameroon 4 Hungary 3
Canada 5 Iceland 5
Chile 3 India 3
China (includes Macau & Hong Kong) 5 Indonesia 3
Colombia 3 Iran 3
Congo Democratic Republic 5 Ireland 5
Cook Islands 4 Israel 5
Costa Rica 3 Italy 5
Cote D'Ivoire 5 Jamaica 4
Croatia 3 Japan 6
Cuba 3 Jordan 5
Cyprus 4 Kazakhstan 2
Country Cost Group Country Cost Group
Kenya 4 Qatar 5
Korea Republic 5 Romania 3
Kosovo 2 Russia 5
Kuwait 5 Rwanda 3
Kyrgyzstan 2 Saint Lucia 4
Laos 2 Saint Vincent 3
Latvia 4 Samoa 5
Lebanon 5 Saudi Arabia 4
Lithuania 3 Senegal 4
Luxembourg 5 Serbia 2
Macedonia 2 Sierra Leone 3
Malawi 2 Singapore 5
Malaysia 3 Slovakia 4
Mali 4 Slovenia 3
Malta 3 Solomon Islands 4
Mauritius 3 South Africa 2
Mexico 3 Spain 5
Monaco 6 Sri Lanka 3
Morocco 3 Sudan 3
Mozambique 3 Surinam 2
Myanmar 3 Sweden 5
Namibia 2 Switzerland 6
Nepal 2 Taiwan 4
Netherlands 5 Tanzania 3
New Caledonia 5 Thailand 4
New Zealand 4 Tonga 3
Nicaragua 3 Trinidad and Tobago 5
Nigeria 6 Tunisia 3
Norway 6 Turkey 3
Oman 5 Uganda 3
Pakistan 2 Ukraine 2
Panama 3 United Arab Emirates 5
Papua New Guinea 4 United Kingdom 5
Paraguay 2 United States of America 5
Peru 4 Uruguay 3
Philippines 3 Vanuatu 5
Poland 3 Venezuela 5
Portugal 3 Vietnam 2
Puerto Rico 5 Zambia 3

Table 2: Reasonable amounts by cost groups

Cost Group Salary $117,450 and below Salary $117,451 to $209,000 Salary $209,001 and above
Meals Incidentals Total Meals Incidentals Total Meals Incidentals Total
1 $60 $25 $85 $75 $25 $100 $95 $30 $125
2 $95 $30 $125 $110 $35 $145 $140 $40 $180
3 $130 $35 $165 $150 $40 $190 $185 $45 $230
4 $150 $35 $185 $170 $45 $215 $215 $50 $265
5 $200 $40 $240 $240 $50 $290 $295 $60 $355
6 $240 $45 $285 $295 $50 $345 $340 $60 $400

Note: these amounts are determined by the Commissioner solely as the amounts that will be accepted for the exception from the requirement to obtain written evidence for substantiation purposes (refer to paragraph 33 of Taxation Ruling TR 2004/6).


You are free to copy, adapt, modify, transmit and distribute this material as you wish (but not in any way that suggests the ATO or the Commonwealth endorses you or any of your services or products).


For further information on truck drivers refer to paragraphs 72 to 75 of Taxation Ruling TR 2004/6 and to Taxation Ruling TR 95/18.

Not previously issued as a draft


ATO references:

Previous Rulings/Determinations:
TD 2004/19
TD 2005/32
TD 2006/43
TD 2007/21
TD 2008/18
TD 2009/15
TD 2010/19
TD 2011/17
TD 2012/17
TD 2013/16
TD 2014/19
TD 2015/14

ISSN: 2205-6211

Related Rulings/Determinations:

TR 95/18
TR 2004/6
TR 2006/10

Legislative References:
ITAA 1997 Subdiv 900-B
ITAA 1997 900-60
TAA 1953