INCOME TAX ASSESSMENT ACT 1936

PART III - LIABILITY TO TAXATION  

Division 6C - Income of certain public trading trusts  

SECTION 102P   PUBLIC UNIT TRUSTS  

102P(1)  
For the purposes of this Division, but subject to the succeeding provisions of this section, a unit trust is a public unit trust in relation to a year of income if, at any time during the year of income:


(a) any of the units in the unit trust were listed for quotation in the official list of a stock exchange in Australia or elsewhere;


(b) any of the units in the unit trust were offered to the public; or


(c) the units in the unit trust were held by not fewer than 50 persons.

102P(2)  
For the purposes of this Division, but subject to the succeeding provisions of this section, a unit trust is also a public unit trust in relation to a year of income if:


(a) at any time during the year of income, an exempt entity or exempt entities held, or had the right to acquire or become the holder or holders of, a unit or units in the unit trust that entitled the holder or holders to not less than 20% of:


(i) the beneficial interests in the income of the unit trust; or

(ii) the beneficial interests in the property of the unit trust;


(b) not less than 20% of the total of money paid or credited by the trustee of the unit trust during the year of income to unitholders as unitholders was paid or credited to an exempt entity or exempt entities; or


(c) by reason of:


(i) any provision in the instrument by which the trust was created, or any contract, agreement or instrument authorising the variation or abrogation of the rights attaching to any of the units in the unit trust or relating to the conversion, cancellation, extinguishment or redemption of any such units;

(ii) any contract, agreement, option or instrument under which a person has power to acquire a unit or units in the unit trust; or

(iii) any power, authority or discretion in a person in relation to the rights attaching to any of the units in the unit trust,
the rights attaching to any of the units in the unit trust were, at any time during the year of income, capable of being varied or abrogated in such a manner (notwithstanding that they were not in fact varied or abrogated in that manner) that:

(iv) units in the unit trust that entitled the holder or holders to not less than 20% of:

(A) the beneficial interests in the income of the unit trust; or

(B) the beneficial interests in the property of the unit trust,
would have been held by an exempt entity or exempt entities;

(v) not less than 20% of the total of money paid or credited by the trustee of the unit trust during the year of income to unitholders as unitholders would have been paid or credited to an exempt entity or exempt entities; or

(vi) in the case where no money was paid or credited by the trustee of the unit trust during the year of income to unitholders as unitholders - if money had been so paid or credited by the trustee of the unit trust during the year of income, not less than 20% of the amount of that money would have been paid or credited to an exempt entity or exempt entities.

102P(3)  
A unit trust shall not be taken to be a public unit trust in relation to a year of income by reason that units in the unit trust were offered to the public at any time during the year of income if the Commissioner is of the opinion that any of those units were offered to the public for the purpose, or for purposes that included the purpose, of enabling the unit trust to be treated as a public unit trust for the purposes of this Division in relation to the year of income.

102P(4)  
Subject to subsection (5), a unit trust that, but for this subsection and subsection (7), would be a public unit trust in relation to a year of income by virtue only of subsection (1) shall be deemed not to be a public unit trust in relation to the year of income if, at any time during the year of income, one person or persons not more than 20 in number held, or had the right to acquire or become the holder or holders of, a unit or units in the unit trust that entitled the holder or holders thereof to not less than 75% of:


(a) the beneficial interests in the income of the unit trust; or


(b) the beneficial interests in the property of the unit trust.

102P(5)  
Subject to subsection (7), where by virtue of subsection (4), a unit trust would, but for this subsection, be deemed not to be a public unit trust in relation to a year of income by reason that, at any time during the year of income, one person or persons not more than 20 in number held, or had the right to acquire or become the holder or holders of, the unit or units referred to in subsection (4) and the Commissioner is of the opinion that, having regard to:


(a) the length of the period or the aggregate of the lengths of the periods in the year of income during which one person or persons not more than 20 in number held, or had the right to acquire or become the holder or holders of, the unit or units referred to in subsection (4); and


(b) any other matters that the Commissioner considers relevant,

it is reasonable that the unit trust should be treated as a public unit trust in relation to the year of income, the unit trust shall be deemed to be a public unit trust in relation to the year of income.

102P(6)  
For the purposes of subsections (4) and (5), a person (in this subsection referred to as the transferee ) to whom a right to acquire or become the holder of a unit in a unit trust is granted or transferred shall be deemed not to have such a right if the Commissioner is of the opinion, having regard to the financial circumstances of the transferee and to any other matters that the Commissioner considers relevant, that it was not intended by the person who granted or transferred the right to the transferee that the right would be exercised by the transferee.

102P(7)  
Subject to subsection (8), a unit trust that, but for this subsection, would be a public unit trust in relation to a year of income by virtue only of subsection (1), shall be deemed not to be a public unit trust in relation to that year of income if:


(a) not less than 75% of the total of money paid or credited by the trustee of the unit trust during the year of income to unitholders as unitholders was paid or credited to one person or persons not more than 20 in number; or


(b) by reason of:


(i) any provision in the instrument by which the trust was created, or any contract, agreement or instrument authorising the variation or abrogation of the rights attaching to any of the units in the unit trust or relating to the conversion, cancellation, extinguishment or redemption of any such units;

(ii) any contract, agreement, option or instrument under which a person has power to acquire a unit or units in the unit trust; or

(iii) any power, authority or discretion in a person in relation to the rights attaching to any of the units in the unit trust,
the rights attaching to any of the units in the unit trust were, at any time during the year of income, capable of being varied or abrogated in such a manner (notwithstanding that they were not in fact varied or abrogated in that manner) that:

(iv) units in the unit trust that entitled the holder or holders thereof to not less than 75% of:

(A) the beneficial interests in the income of the unit trust; or

(B) the beneficial interests in the property of the unit trust,
would have been held by one person or persons not more than 20 in number;

(v) not less than 75% of the total of money paid or credited by the trustee of the unit trust during the year of income to unitholders as unitholders would have been paid or credited to one person or persons not more than 20 in number; or

(vi) in the case where no money was paid or credited by the trustee of the unit trust during the year of income to unitholders as unitholders - if money had been so paid or credited by the trustee of the unit trust during the year of income, not less than 75% of the amount of that money would have been paid or credited to one person or persons not more than 20 in number.

102P(8)  
A unit trust shall not be deemed by subsection (7) not to be a public unit trust in relation to a year of income by reason that rights attaching to any of the units in the unit trust were, at any time during the year of income, capable of being varied in the manner mentioned in paragraph (7)(b) if the Commissioner is of the opinion that the person or persons who were able to vary the rights in that manner intended not to vary the rights in that manner during the year of income.

102P(9)  
For the purposes of subsections (1) and (3), units in a unit trust shall be taken to be offered to the public if and only if:


(a) an offer is made to the public or to a section of the public to subscribe for or purchase the units; or


(b) an invitation is issued to the public or to a section of the public to make offers to subscribe for or purchase the units.

102P(10)  


For the purposes of this section, where any units in a unit trust (except a foreign entity to which subsection 102N(2) applies) are held by the trustee of another trust estate, a person who has a beneficial interest in property of that other trust estate that consists of those units (whether or not that beneficial interest is deemed to be held by virtue of the application of this subsection) shall be deemed to hold those units.

102P(10A)  


Subsection (10) does not apply in relation to units in a unit trust that are held by the trustee of another trust estate if the other trust estate is a complying superannuation entity (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 ).

102P(11)  
For the purposes of this section, a distribution of property of a unit trust to a unitholder shall be taken to be a payment of money to the unitholder of an amount equal to the value of the property.

102P(12)  
For the purposes of this section:


(a) a person, whether or not he or she holds units in the unit trust concerned;


(b) his or her relatives; and


(c) in relation to any units in respect of which they are such nominees, his or her nominees and the nominees of any of his or her relatives,

shall be deemed to be one person.


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