Income Tax Assessment Act 1936
This section sets out special rules for dealing with a dividend (the later dividend ) distributed by a private company if:
(a) an amount is included in the assessable income of a shareholder, or an associate of a shareholder, of the company under section 109XB because of a loan made to the shareholder or associate by a trustee in relation to a present entitlement of the company to an amount from the net income of the trust estate; and
(b) subsection 109XA(2) applied to the loan; and
(c) some or all of the later dividend is applied to repay all or a part of the loan. 109ZCA(2) [ When amount not a dividend]
The amount of the later dividend applied is taken not to be a dividend for the purposes of this Act, except Part 3-6 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 (which deals with franking of distributions).109ZCA(3) [ When amount a dividend]
However, if the amount set off or applied exceeds the amount of the later dividend that is neither:
(a) the franked part of that dividend; nor
(b) the part of that dividend that has been franked with an exempting credit;
the excess is still a dividend.
This prevents double taxation by ensuring that the entity's assessable income does not include the amount of the later dividend that is not paid to the entity (except to the extent that that amount is franked).109ZCA(4) [ Non-dividend amount]
An amount that is taken not to be a dividend under subsection (2) is not assessable income and is not exempt income.
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