PRIVACY ACT 1988
Note: See section 14 .
Overview of the Australian Privacy Principles
This Schedule sets out the Australian Privacy Principles.
Part 1 sets out principles that require APP entities to consider the privacy of personal information, including ensuring that APP entities manage personal information in an open and transparent way.
Part 2 sets out principles that deal with the collection of personal information including unsolicited personal information.
Part 3 sets out principles about how APP entities deal with personal information and government related identifiers. The Part includes principles about the use and disclosure of personal information and those identifiers.
Part 4 sets out principles about the integrity of personal information. The Part includes principles about the quality and security of personal information.
Part 5 sets out principles that deal with requests for access to, and the correction of, personal information.
Australian Privacy Principles
The Australian Privacy Principles are:
Before an APP entity discloses personal information about an individual to a person (the overseas recipient ):
(a) who is not in Australia or an external Territory; and
(b) who is not the entity or the individual;
the entity must take such steps as are reasonable in the circumstances to ensure that the overseas recipient does not breach the Australian Privacy Principles (other than Australian Privacy Principle 1) in relation to the information.
In certain circumstances, an act done, or a practice engaged in, by the overseas recipient is taken, under section 16C , to have been done, or engaged in, by the APP entity and to be a breach of the Australian Privacy Principles.8.2
Subclause 8.1 does not apply to the disclosure of personal information about an individual by an APP entity to the overseas recipient if:
(a) the entity reasonably believes that:
(i) the recipient of the information is subject to a law, or binding scheme, that has the effect of protecting the information in a way that, overall, is at least substantially similar to the way in which the Australian Privacy Principles protect the information; and
(ii) there are mechanisms that the individual can access to take action to enforce that protection of the law or binding scheme; or
(b) both of the following apply:
(i) the entity expressly informs the individual that if he or she consents to the disclosure of the information, subclause 8.1 will not apply to the disclosure;
(ii) after being so informed, the individual consents to the disclosure; or
(c) the disclosure of the information is required or authorised by or under an Australian law or a court/tribunal order; or
(d) a permitted general situation (other than the situation referred to in item 4 or 5 of the table in subsection 16A(1) ) exists in relation to the disclosure of the information by the APP entity; or
(e) the entity is an agency and the disclosure of the information is required or authorised by or under an international agreement relating to information sharing to which Australia is a party; or
(f) the entity is an agency and both of the following apply:
(i) the entity reasonably believes that the disclosure of the information is reasonably necessary for one or more enforcement related activities conducted by, or on behalf of, an enforcement body;
(ii) the recipient is a body that performs functions, or exercises powers, that are similar to those performed or exercised by an enforcement body.
For permitted general situation , see section 16A .