Criminal Code Act 1995

Schedule - The Criminal Code  

Section 3

CHAPTER 2 - GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY  

Part 2.7 - Geographical jurisdiction  

Division 14 - Standard geographical jurisdiction  

SECTION 14.1   Standard geographical jurisdiction  

(1)  
This section may apply to a particular offence in either of the following ways:


(a) unless the contrary intention appears, this section applies to the following offences:


(i) a primary offence, where the provision creating the offence commences at or after the commencement of this section;

(ii) an ancillary offence, to the extent to which it relates to a primary offence covered by subparagraph (i);


(b) if a law of the Commonwealth provides that this section applies to a particular offence - this section applies to that offence.

Note:

In the case of paragraph (b), the expression offence is given an extended meaning by subsections 11.2(1) and 11.2A(1) , section 11.3 and subsection 11.6(1) .

(2)  
If this section applies to a particular offence, a person does not commit the offence unless:


(a) the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs:


(i) wholly or partly in Australia; or

(ii) wholly or partly on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship; or


(b) the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs wholly outside Australia and a result of the conduct occurs:


(i) wholly or partly in Australia; or

(ii) wholly or partly on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship; or


(c) all of the following conditions are satisfied:


(i) the alleged offence is an ancillary offence;

(ii) the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs wholly outside Australia;

(iii) the conduct constituting the primary offence to which the ancillary offence relates, or a result of that conduct, occurs, or is intended by the person to occur, wholly or partly in Australia or wholly or partly on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship.
Defence - primary offence

(3)  
If this section applies to a particular offence, a person does not commit the offence if:


(aa) the alleged offence is a primary offence; and


(a) the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs wholly in a foreign country, but not on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship; and


(b) there is not in force in:


(i) the foreign country where the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs; or

(ii) the part of the foreign country where the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs;
a law of that foreign country, or a law of that part of that foreign country, that creates an offence that corresponds to the first-mentioned offence.
Note:

A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (3) . See subsection 13.3(3) .

(4)  
For the purposes of the application of subsection 13.3(3) to an offence, subsection (3) of this section is taken to be an exception provided by the law creating the offence. Defence - ancillary offence

(5)  
If this section applies to a particular offence, a person does not commit the offence if:


(a) the alleged offence is an ancillary offence; and


(b) the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs wholly in a foreign country, but not on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship; and


(c) the conduct constituting the primary offence to which the ancillary offence relates, or a result of that conduct, occurs, or is intended by the person to occur, wholly in a foreign country, but not on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship; and


(d) there is not in force in:


(i) the foreign country where the conduct constituting the primary offence to which the ancillary offence relates, or a result of that conduct, occurs, or is intended by the person to occur; or

(ii) the part of the foreign country where the conduct constituting the primary offence to which the ancillary offence relates, or a result of that conduct, occurs, or is intended by the person to occur;
a law of that foreign country, or a law of that part of that foreign country, that creates an offence that corresponds to the primary offence.
Note:

A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (5) . See subsection 13.3(3) .

(6)  
For the purposes of the application of subsection 13.3(3) to an offence, subsection (5) of this section is taken to be an exception provided by the law creating the offence.




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