Criminal Code Act 1995

Schedule - The Criminal Code  

Section 3

CHAPTER 2 - GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY  

Part 2.7 - Geographical jurisdiction  

Division 15 - Extended geographical jurisdiction  

SECTION 15.1   Extended geographical jurisdiction - category A  

(1)  
If a law of the Commonwealth provides that this section applies to a particular offence, a person does not commit the offence unless:


(a) the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs:


(i) wholly or partly in Australia; or

(ii) wholly or partly on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship; or


(b) the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs wholly outside Australia and a result of the conduct occurs:


(i) wholly or partly in Australia; or

(ii) wholly or partly on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship; or


(c) the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs wholly outside Australia and:


(i) at the time of the alleged offence, the person is an Australian citizen; or

(ii) at the time of the alleged offence, the person is a body corporate incorporated by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; or


(d) all of the following conditions are satisfied:


(i) the alleged offence is an ancillary offence;

(ii) the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs wholly outside Australia;

(iii) the conduct constituting the primary offence to which the ancillary offence relates, or a result of that conduct, occurs, or is intended by the person to occur, wholly or partly in Australia or wholly or partly on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship.
Note:

The expression offence is given an extended meaning by subsections 11.2(1) and 11.2A(1) , section 11.3 and subsection 11.6(1) .

Defence - primary offence

(2)  
If a law of the Commonwealth provides that this section applies to a particular offence, a person does not commit the offence if:


(aa) the alleged offence is a primary offence; and


(a) the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs wholly in a foreign country, but not on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship; and


(b) the person is neither:


(i) an Australian citizen; nor

(ii) a body corporate incorporated by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; and


(c) there is not in force in:


(i) the foreign country where the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs; or

(ii) the part of the foreign country where the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs;
a law of that foreign country, or a law of that part of that foreign country, that creates an offence that corresponds to the first-mentioned offence.
Note:

A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (2) . See subsection 13.3(3) .

(3)  
For the purposes of the application of subsection 13.3(3) to an offence, subsection (2) of this section is taken to be an exception provided by the law creating the offence. Defence - ancillary offence

(4)  
If a law of the Commonwealth provides that this section applies to a particular offence, a person does not commit the offence if:


(a) the alleged offence is an ancillary offence; and


(b) the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs wholly in a foreign country, but not on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship; and


(c) the conduct constituting the primary offence to which the ancillary offence relates, or a result of that conduct, occurs, or is intended by the person to occur, wholly in a foreign country, but not on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship; and


(d) the person is neither:


(i) an Australian citizen; nor

(ii) a body corporate incorporated by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; and


(e) there is not in force in:


(i) the foreign country where the conduct constituting the primary offence to which the ancillary offence relates, or a result of that conduct, occurs, or is intended by the person to occur; or

(ii) the part of the foreign country where the conduct constituting the primary offence to which the ancillary offence relates, or a result of that conduct, occurs, or is intended by the person to occur;
a law of that foreign country, or a law of that part of that foreign country, that creates an offence that corresponds to the primary offence.
Note:

A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (4) . See subsection 13.3(3) .

(5)  
For the purposes of the application of subsection 13.3(3) to an offence, subsection (4) of this section is taken to be an exception provided by the law creating the offence.




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