Criminal Code Act 1995

Schedule - The Criminal Code  

Section 3

CHAPTER 9 - DANGERS TO THE COMMUNITY  

Part 9.9 - Criminal associations and organisations  

Division 390 - Criminal associations and organisations  

Subdivision A - Definitions  

SECTION 390.2   State offences that have a federal aspect  

Object

(1)  
The object of this section is to identify State offences that have a federal aspect because:


(a) they potentially fall within Commonwealth legislative power because of the elements of the State offence; or


(b) they potentially fall within Commonwealth legislative power because of the circumstances in which the State offence is committed (whether or not those circumstances are expressed to be acts or omissions involved in committing the offence). State offences that have a federal aspect

(2)  
For the purposes of this Act, a State offence has a federal aspect if, and only if:


(a) both:


(i) the State offence is not an ancillary offence; and

(ii) assuming that the provision creating the State offence had been enacted by the Parliament of the Commonwealth instead of by the Parliament of the State - the provision would have been a valid law of the Commonwealth; or


(b) both:


(i) the State offence is an ancillary offence that relates to a particular primary offence; and

(ii) assuming that the provision creating the primary offence had been enacted by the Parliament of the Commonwealth instead of by the Parliament of the State - the provision would have been a valid law of the Commonwealth; or


(c) assuming that the Parliament of the Commonwealth had enacted a provision that created an offence penalising the specific acts or omissions involved in committing the State offence - that provision would have been a valid law of the Commonwealth. Specificity of acts or omissions

(3)  
For the purposes of paragraph (2)(c), the specificity of the acts or omissions involved in committing a State offence is to be determined having regard to the circumstances in which the offence is committed (whether or not those circumstances are expressed to be elements of the offence). State offences covered by paragraph (2)(c)

(4)  
A State offence is taken to be covered by paragraph (2)(c) if the conduct constituting the State offence:


(a) affects the interests of:


(i) the Commonwealth; or

(ii) an authority of the Commonwealth; or

(iii) a constitutional corporation; or


(b) was engaged in by a constitutional corporation; or


(c) was engaged in in a Commonwealth place; or


(d) involved the use of a postal service or other like service; or


(e) involved an electronic communication; or


(f) involved trade or commerce:


(i) between Australia and places outside Australia; or

(ii) among the States; or

(iii) within a Territory, between a State and a Territory or between 2 Territories; or


(g) involved:


(i) banking (other than State banking not extending beyond the limits of the State concerned); or

(ii) insurance (other than State insurance not extending beyond the limits of the State concerned); or


(h) relates to a matter outside Australia; or


(i) relates to a matter in respect of which an international agreement to which Australia is a party imposes obligations to which effect could be given by the creation of an offence against the domestic laws of the parties to the agreement; or


(j) relates to a matter that affects the relations between Australia and another country or countries or is otherwise a subject of international concern.

(5)  
Subsection (4) does not limit paragraph (2)(c).




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