Criminal Code Act 1995

Schedule - The Criminal Code  

Section 3

CHAPTER 10 - NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE  

Part 10.2 - Money laundering  

Division 400 - Money laundering  

SECTION 400.15   Geographical jurisdiction  

(1)  
A person does not commit an offence against this Division unless:


(a) the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs:


(i) wholly or partly in Australia; or

(ii) wholly or partly on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship; or


(b) the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs wholly outside Australia (but not on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship) and the money or other property:


(i) is proceeds of crime; or

(ii) is intended to become an instrument of crime; or

(iii) is at risk of becoming an instrument of crime;
in relation to a Commonwealth indictable offence, a State indictable offence, an Australian Capital Territory indictable offence or a Northern Territory indictable offence; or


(c) the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs wholly outside Australia and:


(i) at the time of the alleged offence, the person is an Australian citizen; or

(ii) at the time of the alleged offence, the person is a resident of Australia; or

(iii) at the time of the alleged offence, the person is a body corporate incorporated by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; or


(d) all of the following conditions are satisfied:


(i) the alleged offence is an ancillary offence;

(ii) the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs wholly outside Australia;

(iii) the conduct constituting the primary offence to which the ancillary offence relates occurs, or is intended by the person to occur, wholly or partly in Australia or wholly or partly on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship.
Note:

The expression offence is given an extended meaning by subsection 11.2(1) , section 11.3 and subsection 11.6(1) .

Defence - primary offence

(2)  
A person does not commit an offence against this Division if:


(a) the alleged offence is a primary offence; and


(b) the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs wholly in a foreign country, but not on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship; and


(c) paragraph (1)(b) of this section does not apply; and


(d) the person is neither:


(i) an Australian citizen; nor

(ii) a body corporate incorporated by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; and


(e) there is not in force in:


(i) the foreign country where the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs; or

(ii) the part of the foreign country where the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs;
a law of that foreign country, or a law of that part of that foreign country, that creates an offence that corresponds to the offence against this Division.
Note:

A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (2). See subsection 13.3(3) .

(3)  
For the purposes of the application of subsection 13.3(3) to an offence, subsection (2) of this section is taken to be an exception provided by the law creating the offence. Defence - ancillary offence

(4)  
A person does not commit an offence against this Division if:


(a) the alleged offence is an ancillary offence; and


(b) the conduct constituting the alleged offence occurs wholly in a foreign country, but not on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship; and


(c) the conduct constituting the primary offence to which the ancillary offence relates occurs, or is intended by the person to occur, wholly in a foreign country, but not on board an Australian aircraft or an Australian ship; and


(d) paragraph (1)(b) of this section does not apply (and would not apply if the conduct described in paragraph (c) of this subsection occurred as intended); and


(e) the person is neither:


(i) an Australian citizen; nor

(ii) a body corporate incorporated by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; and


(f) there is not in force in:


(i) the foreign country where the conduct constituting the primary offence to which the ancillary offence relates occurs, or is intended by the person to occur; or

(ii) the part of the foreign country where the conduct constituting the primary offence to which the ancillary offence relates or is intended by the person to occur;
a law of that foreign country, or a law of that part of that foreign country, that creates an offence that corresponds to the primary offence.
Note:

A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (4). See subsection 13.3(3) .

(5)  
For the purposes of the application of subsection 13.3(3) to an offence, subsection (4) of this section is taken to be an exception provided by the law creating the offence. Extended application of sections 16.1, 16.2 and 16.3

(6)  
Section 16.1 , except paragraph 16.1(1)(a) , applies in relation to an offence against this Division (in addition to the application of that section apart from this subsection).

Note:

Section 16.1 requires the Attorney-General ' s consent for prosecution of an offence if the alleged conduct occurred wholly in a foreign country in certain circumstances.

(7)  
Sections 16.2 and 16.3 apply for the purposes of this Division in the same way as they apply for the purposes of Part 2.7 .

Note:

Section 16.2 treats the sending of things and electronic communications into and out of Australia as conduct occurring partly in Australia. Section 16.3 affects the meaning of Australia .




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