Criminal Code Act 1995

Schedule - The Criminal Code  

Section 3

CHAPTER 4 - THE INTEGRITY AND SECURITY OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY AND FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS  

Division 70 - Bribery of foreign public officials  

SECTION 70.1   70.1   Definitions  
In this Division:

benefit
includes any advantage and is not limited to property.

business advantage
means an advantage in the conduct of business.

control
, in relation to a company, body or association, includes control as a result of, or by means of, trusts, agreements, arrangements, understandings and practices, whether or not having legal or equitable force and whether or not based on legal or equitable rights.

duty
, in relation to a foreign public official, means any authority, duty, function or power that:


(a) is conferred on the official; or


(b) that the official holds himself or herself out as having.

foreign government
body means:


(a) the government of a foreign country or of part of a foreign country; or


(b) an authority of the government of a foreign country; or


(c) an authority of the government of part of a foreign country; or


(d) a foreign local government body or foreign regional government body; or


(e) a foreign public enterprise.

foreign public enterprise
means a company or any other body or association where:


(a) in the case of a company - one of the following applies:


(i) the government of a foreign country or of part of a foreign country holds more than 50% of the issued share capital of the company;

(ii) the government of a foreign country or of part of a foreign country holds more than 50% of the voting power in the company;

(iii) the government of a foreign country or of part of a foreign country is in a position to appoint more than 50% of the company ' s board of directors;

(iv) the directors (however described) of the company are accustomed or under an obligation (whether formal or informal) to act in accordance with the directions, instructions or wishes of the government of a foreign country or of part of a foreign country;

(v) the government of a foreign country or of part of a foreign country is in a position to exercise control over the company; and


(b) in the case of any other body or association - either of the following applies:


(i) the members of the executive committee (however described) of the body or association are accustomed or under an obligation (whether formal or informal) to act in accordance with the directions, instructions or wishes of the government of a foreign country or of part of a foreign country;

(ii) the government of a foreign country or of part of a foreign country is in a position to exercise control over the body or association; and


(c) the company, body or association:


(i) enjoys special legal rights or a special legal status under a law of a foreign country or of part of a foreign country; or

(ii) enjoys special benefits or privileges under a law of a foreign country or of part of a foreign country;
because of the relationship of the company, body or association with the government of the foreign country or of the part of the foreign country, as the case may be.

foreign public official
means:


(a) an employee or official of a foreign government body; or


(b) an individual who performs work for a foreign government body under a contract; or


(c) an individual who holds or performs the duties of an appointment, office or position under a law of a foreign country or of part of a foreign country; or


(d) an individual who holds or performs the duties of an appointment, office or position created by custom or convention of a foreign country or of part of a foreign country; or


(e) an individual who is otherwise in the service of a foreign government body (including service as a member of a military force or police force); or


(f) a member of the executive, judiciary or magistracy of a foreign country or of part of a foreign country; or


(g) an employee of a public international organisation; or


(h) an individual who performs work for a public international organisation under a contract; or


(i) an individual who holds or performs the duties of an office or position in a public international organisation; or


(j) an individual who is otherwise in the service of a public international organisation; or


(k) a member or officer of the legislature of a foreign country or of part of a foreign country; or


(l) an individual who:


(i) is an authorised intermediary of a foreign public official covered by any of the above paragraphs; or

(ii) holds himself or herself out to be the authorised intermediary of a foreign public official covered by any of the above paragraphs.

public international organisation
means:


(a) an organisation:


(i) of which 2 or more countries, or the governments of 2 or more countries, are members; or

(ii) that is constituted by persons representing 2 or more countries, or representing the governments of 2 or more countries; or


(b) an organisation established by, or a group of organisations constituted by:


(i) organisations of which 2 or more countries, or the governments of 2 or more countries, are members; or

(ii) organisations that are constituted by the representatives of 2 or more countries, or the governments of 2 or more countries; or


(c) an organisation that is:


(i) an organ of, or office within, an organisation described in paragraph (a) or (b); or

(ii) a commission, council or other body established by an organisation so described or such an organ; or

(iii) a committee, or subcommittee of a committee, of an organisation described in paragraph (a) or (b), or of such an organ, council or body.

share
includes stock.




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