Criminal Code Act 1995
Section 3CHAPTER 5 - THE SECURITY OF THE COMMONWEALTH Part 5.1 - Treason and related offences
A person commits an offence if:
(a) a party (the enemy ) is engaged in armed conflict involving the Commonwealth or the Australian Defence Force; and
(b) the enemy is declared in a Proclamation made under section 80.1AB ; and
(c) the person engages in conduct; and
(d) the person intends that the conduct will materially assist the enemy to engage in armed conflict involving the Commonwealth or the Australian Defence Force; and
(e) the conduct materially assists the enemy to engage in armed conflict involving the Commonwealth or the Australian Defence Force; and
(f) at the time the person engages in the conduct:
(i) the person knows that the person is an Australian citizen or a resident of Australia; or
(ii) the person knows that the person has voluntarily put himself or herself under the protection of the Commonwealth; or
(iii) the person is a body corporate incorporated by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory.
There is a defence in section 80.3 for acts done in good faith.
If a body corporate is convicted of an offence against subsection (1), subsection 4B(3) of the Crimes Act 1914 allows a court to impose a fine of up to 10,000 penalty units.
Penalty: Imprisonment for life.(2)
Strict liability applies to paragraph (1)(b) and subparagraph (1)(f)(iii). (3)
Absolute liability applies to paragraph (1)(e). (4)
Subsection (1) does not apply to engagement in conduct solely by way of, or for the purposes of, the provision of aid or assistance of a humanitarian nature.
A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection (see subsection 13.3(3) ).