Criminal Code Act 1995

Schedule - The Criminal Code  

Section 3


Part 2.3 - Circumstances in which there is no criminal responsibility  


This Part sets out defences that are generally available. Defences that apply to a more limited class of offences are dealt with elsewhere in this Code and in other laws.

Division 9 - Circumstances involving mistake or ignorance  

SECTION 9.2   Mistake of fact (strict liability)  

A person is not criminally responsible for an offence that has a physical element for which there is no fault element if:

(a) at or before the time of the conduct constituting the physical element, the person considered whether or not facts existed, and is under a mistaken but reasonable belief about those facts; and

(b) had those facts existed, the conduct would not have constituted an offence.

A person may be regarded as having considered whether or not facts existed if:

(a) he or she had considered, on a previous occasion, whether those facts existed in the circumstances surrounding that occasion; and

(b) he or she honestly and reasonably believed that the circumstances surrounding the present occasion were the same, or substantially the same, as those surrounding the previous occasion.


Section 6.2 prevents this section applying in situations of absolute liability.

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