Criminal Code Act 1995

Schedule - The Criminal Code  

Section 3

CHAPTER 8 - OFFENCES AGAINST HUMANITY AND RELATED OFFENCES  

Division 268 - Genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and crimes against the administration of the justice of the International Criminal Court  

Subdivision F - War crimes that are serious violations of article 3 common to the Geneva Conventions and are committed in the course of an armed conflict that is not an international armed conflict  

SECTION 268.71   War crime - mutilation  

(1)  
A person (the perpetrator ) commits an offence if:


(a) the perpetrator subjects one or more persons to mutilation, such as by permanently disfiguring, or permanently disabling or removing organs or appendages of, the person or persons; and


(b) the perpetrator ' s conduct causes the death of the person or persons; and


(c) the conduct is neither justified by the medical, dental or hospital treatment of the person or persons nor carried out in the interest or interests of the person or persons; and


(d) the person or persons are neither taking an active part in the hostilities nor are members of an organised armed group; and


(e) the perpetrator knows of, or is reckless as to, the factual circumstances establishing that the person or persons are neither taking an active part in the hostilities nor are members of an organised armed group; and


(f) the conduct takes place in the context of, and is associated with, an armed conflict that is not an international armed conflict.

Penalty: Imprisonment for life.

(1A)  
Subsection (1) does not apply if:


(a) the death of the person or persons occurs in the course of, or as a result of, an attack on a military objective; and


(b) at the time the attack was launched:


(i) the perpetrator did not expect that the attack would result in the incidental death of, or injury to, civilians that would have been excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage anticipated; and

(ii) it was reasonable in all the circumstances that the perpetrator did not have such an expectation.
Note:

A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A). See subsection 13.3(3) .

(2)  
A person (the perpetrator ) commits an offence if:


(a) the perpetrator subjects one or more persons to mutilation, such as by permanently disfiguring, or permanently disabling or removing organs or appendages of, the person or persons; and


(b) the perpetrator ' s conduct seriously endangers the physical or mental health, or the integrity, of the person or persons; and


(c) the conduct is neither justified by the medical, dental or hospital treatment of the person or persons nor carried out in the interest or interests of the person or persons; and


(d) the person or persons are neither taking an active part in the hostilities nor are members of an organised armed group; and


(e) the perpetrator knows of, or is reckless as to, the factual circumstances establishing that the person or persons are neither taking an active part in the hostilities nor are members of an organised armed group; and


(f) the conduct takes place in the context of, and is associated with, an armed conflict that is not an international armed conflict.

Penalty: Imprisonment for 25 years.

(2A)  
Subsection (2) does not apply if:


(a) the serious endangerment of the physical or mental health, or integrity, of the person or persons occurs in the course of, or as a result of, an attack on a military objective; and


(b) at the time the attack was launched:


(i) the perpetrator did not expect that the attack would result in the incidental death of, or injury to, civilians that would have been excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage anticipated; and

(ii) it was reasonable in all the circumstances that the perpetrator did not have such an expectation.
Note:

A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2A). See subsection 13.3(3) .

(3)  
To avoid doubt, a reference in subsection (1) or (2) to a person or persons who are not taking an active part in the hostilities includes a reference to:


(a) a person or persons who are hors de combat ; or


(b) civilians, medical personnel or religious personnel who are not taking an active part in the hostilities.

(4)  
For the purposes of this section, the expression members of an organised armed group does not include members of an organised armed group who are hors de combat .




This information is provided by CCH Australia Limited Link opens in new window. View the disclaimer and notice of copyright.