AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES
The Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (the MLI) has modified the application of this tax treaty. A synthesised text of the MLI and this tax treaty is available to facilitate the understanding of how the MLI modifies this tax treaty.
For the purposes of this Convention, the term " resident of a Contracting State " means:
(a) in the case of Australia, a person who is a resident of Australia for the purposes of Australian tax; and
(b) in the case of France, a person who is domiciled in France for the purposes of French tax.
A Contracting State or a political subdivision or statutory body or a local authority thereof is also a resident of that State for the purposes of this Convention.2.
A person is not a resident of a Contracting State for the purposes of this Convention if the person is liable to tax in that State in respect only of income from sources in that State. 3.
Where by reason of the preceding provisions of this Article a person, being an individual, is a resident of both Contracting States, the person ' s status shall be determined as follows:
(a) the individual shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State in which a permanent home is available to that individual; but if a permanent home is available in both States, or in neither of them, that individual shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State with which the individual ' s personal and economic relations are closer (centre of vital interests);
(b) if the State in which the centre of vital interests is situated cannot be determined, the individual shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State of which that individual is a national or citizen. 4.
Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph 1 a person other than an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, it shall be deemed to be a resident solely of the Contracting State in which its place of effective management is situated. 5.
The term " resident of a Contracting State " shall include, where that State is France, any partnership or group of persons which has its place of effective management in France and all partners, shareholders or other members of which are personally liable to tax therein in respect of their part of the profits of those partnerships or groups of persons pursuant to French domestic laws.