AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES
As amended by the Malaysian Protocol (No 1), the Malaysian Exchange of Letters,
the Malaysian Protocol (No 2) and the Malaysian Protocol (No 3)
The income or profits of an enterprise of one of the Contracting States shall be taxable only in that State unless the enterprise carries on business in the other Contracting State through a permanent establishment situated therein. If the enterprise carries on business as aforesaid, the income or profits of the enterprise may be taxed in the other State, but only so much of them as is attributable to that permanent establishment. 2.
Subject to the provisions of paragraph 3, where an enterprise of one of the Contracting States carries on business in the other Contracting State through a permanent establishment situated therein, there shall in each Contracting State be attributed to that permanent establishment the income or profits which it might be expected to make if it were a distinct and separate enterprise engaged in the same or similar activities under the same or similar conditions and dealing at arm ' s length with the enterprise of which it is a permanent establishment or with other enterprises with which it deals. 3.
In the determination of the income or profits of a permanent establishment, there shall be allowed as deductions expenses of the enterprise, being expenses (including executive and general administrative expenses) which are reasonably connected with the permanent establishment and which would be deductible if the permanent establishment were an independent entity that incurred those expenses, whether incurred in the Contracting State in which the permanent establishment is situated or elsewhere. 4.
No income or profits shall be attributed to a permanent establishment by reason of the mere purchase by that permanent establishment of goods or merchandise for the enterprise. 5.
If the information available to the competent authority of a Contracting State is inadequate to determine the income or profits to be attributed to the permanent establishment of an enterprise, nothing in this Article shall affect the application of any law of that State relating to the determination of the tax liability of a person by the exercise of a discretion or the making of an estimate by the competent authority, provided that that law shall be applied, so far as the information available to the competent authority permits, in accordance with the principles of this Article. 6.
Where income or profits include any item of income or profits which is dealt with separately in another Article of this Agreement, the provisions of that other Article, (except where otherwise provided in that Article) shall not be affected by the provisions of this Article. 7.
Nothing in this Article shall affect the operation of any taxation law:
(a) in the case of Australia,
relating to insurance with non-residents; and
(b) in the case of Malaysia,
relating to income or profits from an insurance business:
provided that if the relevant law in force in either Contracting State at the date of signature of this Agreement is varied (otherwise than in minor respects so as not to affect its general character), the Contracting States shall consult with each other with a view to agreeing to any amendment of this paragraph that may be appropriate.8.
(a) a resident of one of the Contracting States is beneficially entitled, whether directly or indirectly through one or more trusts, to a share of the business profits of an enterprise carried on in the other Contracting State by the trustee of a trust estate other than a trust estate which is treated as a company for tax purposes; and
(b) in relation to that enterprise, that trustee has, in accordance with the principles of Article 5, a permanent establishment in that other State,
the enterprise carried on by the trustee shall be deemed to be a business carried on in that other State by that resident through a permanent establishment situated therein and the resident ' s share of business profits shall be attributed to that permanent establishment.