AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES
The Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (the MLI) has modified the application of this tax treaty. A synthesised text of the MLI and this tax treaty is available to facilitate the understanding of how the MLI modifies this tax treaty.
Where a person considers that the actions of one or both of the Contracting States result or will result for him in taxation not in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, he may, notwithstanding the remedies provided by the domestic law of those States, present his case to the competent authority of the Contracting State of which he is a resident. The case must be presented within three years from the first notification of the action resulting in taxation not in accordance with the provisions of this Convention. (2)
The competent authority shall endeavour, if the objection appears to it to be justified and if it is not itself able to arrive at an appropriate solution, to resolve the case by mutual agreement with the competent authority of the other Contracting State, with a view to the avoidance of taxation which is not in accordance with the Convention. Any solution reached shall be implemented notwithstanding any time limits in the domestic laws of the Contracting States. (3)
The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall seek to resolve by agreement any difficulties or doubts arising as to the application or interpretation of this Convention. In particular the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall seek to agree as to with which of the Contracting States an individual described in subparagraph (3)(b) of Article 4 has closer personal and economic relations or in which of the Contracting States the place of effective management of a person other than an individual described in paragraph (4) of that Article is situated. (4)
The competent authorities of the Contracting States may communicate with each other directly for the purpose of giving effect to the provisions of this Convention.