AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES
The Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (the MLI) has modified the application of this tax treaty. A synthesised text of the MLI and this tax treaty is available to facilitate the understanding of how the MLI modifies this tax treaty.
Income derived by a resident of a Contracting State from real property, including income from an agricultural, pastoral or forestry property situated in Finland, may be taxed in the Contracting State in which the real property is situated. (2)
For the purposes of this Article, the term " real property " :
(a) in the case of Australia, has the meaning which it has under the law of Australia, and includes:
(i) a lease of land and any other interest in or over land, whether improved or not, including a right to explore for mineral, oil or gas deposits or other natural resources, and a right to mine those deposits or resources; and
(ii) a right to receive variable or fixed payments either as consideration for or in respect of the exploitation of, or the right to explore for or exploit, mineral, oil or gas deposits, quarries or other places of extraction or exploitation of natural resources; and
(b) in the case of Finland, means such property which, according to the laws of Finland, is immovable property and shall in any case include buildings, property accessory to immovable property, livestock and equipment used in agriculture and forestry, rights to which the provisions of general law respecting landed property apply, usufruct of immovable property and rights to variable or fixed payments as consideration for the working of, or the right to work, mineral deposits, sources and other natural resources.
Ships and aircraft shall not be regarded as real property.(3)
Any interest or right referred to in paragraph 2 shall be regarded as situated where the land, mineral, oil or gas deposits, quarries or natural resources, as the case may be, are situated or where the exploration may take place. (4)
The provisions of paragraph 1 shall apply to income derived from the direct use, letting or use in any other form of real property. (5)
Where the ownership of shares or other rights in a company, trust or comparable institution entitle a person to the enjoyment of real property held by or on behalf of that company, trust or comparable institution, income derived from the direct use, letting or use in any other form of such right to enjoyment may be taxed in the Contracting State in which the real property is situated. (6)
The provisions of paragraphs 1, 3 and 4 shall also apply to income from real property of an enterprise. (7)
The provisions of paragraph 5 shall also apply to income of an enterprise derived from the direct use, letting or use in any other form of a right of enjoyment referred to in that paragraph.