AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES

Canadian Convention  

CONVENTION BETWEEN AUSTRALIA AND CANADA FOR THE AVOIDANCE OF DOUBLE TAXATION AND THE PREVENTION OF FISCAL EVASION WITH RESPECT TO TAXES ON INCOME  

CHAPTER II - DEFINITIONS  

ARTICLE 4   Residence  

(1)  
Subject to paragraph (2), for the purposes of this Convention, a person is a resident of a Contracting State if that person is a resident of that State for the purposes of its tax. A Contracting State or any political subdivision or local authority thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any such State, subdivision or authority is also a resident of that State for the purposes of this Convention.

(2)  
A person is not a resident of a Contracting State for the purposes of this Convention if the person is liable to tax in that State in respect only of income from sources in that State.

(3)  
Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph (1) an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, then his status shall be determined in accordance with the following rules:


(a) he shall be deemed to be a resident solely of the Contracting State in which he has a permanent home available to him;


(b) if he has a permanent home available to him in both Contracting States, or if he does not have a permanent home available to him in either of them, he shall be deemed to be a resident solely of the Contracting State with which his personal and economic relations are the closer.

(4)  
Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph (1) a person other than an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, then the person ' s status shall be determined as follows:


(a) it shall be deemed to be a resident of the Contracting State in which it is incorporated or otherwise constituted;


(b) if it is not incorporated or otherwise constituted in either of the Contracting States, it shall be deemed to be a resident of the Contracting State in which its place of effective management is situated.




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