AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES
(a) an enterprise of one of the Contracting States participates directly or indirectly in the management, control or capital of an enterprise of the other Contracting State; or
(b) the same persons participate directly or indirectly in the management, control or capital of an enterprise of one of the Contracting States and an enterprise of the other Contracting State; or
(c) a person, acting in a Contracting State on behalf of an enterprise of the other Contracting State, manufactures or processes in the firstmentioned State for the enterprise, goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise,
and in any case conditions operate between the two enterprises, or between an enterprise and the person, in their commercial or financial relations which differ from those which might be expected to operate between independent enterprises, or between an independent enterprise and a person, dealing wholly independently with one another, then any profits which, but for those conditions, might have been expected to accrue to one of the enterprises or to the person but, by reason of those conditions, have not so accrued, may be included in the profits of that enterprise or of the person and taxed accordingly.(2)
Nothing in this Article shall affect the application of any law of a Contracting State relating to the determination of the tax liability of a person, including determinations in cases where the information available to the competent authority of that State is inadequate to determine the income to be attributed to an enterprise or a person, provided that that law shall be applied, so far as it is practicable to do so, consistently with the principles of this Article. (3)
Where profits on which an enterprise of one of the Contracting States has been charged to tax in that State are also included, by virtue of paragraph (1) or (2), in the profits of an enterprise or of a person of the other Contracting State and charged to tax in that other State, and the profits so included are profits which might have been expected to have accrued to that enterprise or to that person of the other State if the conditions operative between the enterprises or between an enterprise and the person had been those which might have been expected to have operated between independent enterprises or between an independent enterprise and a person dealing wholly independently with one another, then the firstmentioned State shall make an appropriate adjustment to the amount of tax charged on those profits in the first mentioned State. In determining such an adjustment, due regard shall be had to the other provisions of this Agreement and for this purpose the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall if necessary consult each other.