AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES

Indian Agreement  

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF AUSTRALIA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA FOR THE AVOIDANCE OF DOUBLE TAXATION AND THE PREVENTION OF FISCAL EVASION WITH RESPECT TO TAXES ON INCOME  

ARTICLE 12   Royalties  

(1)  
Royalties arising in one of the Contracting States, being royalties to which a resident of the other Contracting State is beneficially entitled, may be taxed in that other State.

(2)  
Such royalties may also be taxed in the Contracting State in which they arise, and according to the law of that State, but the tax so charged shall not exceed:


(a) in the case of:


(i) royalties referred to in subparagraph (3)(b);

(ii) payments or credits for services referred to in subparagraph (3)(d), subject to subparagraphs (3)(h) to (l), that are ancillary and subsidiary to the application or enjoyment of equipment for which payments or credits are made under subparagraph (3)(b); or

(iii) royalties referred to in subparagraph (3)(f) that relate to equipment mentioned in subparagraph (3)(b):

10 per cent of the gross amount of the royalties; and


(b) in the case of other royalties:


(i) during the first 5 years of income for which this Agreement has effect:

(A) where the payer is the Government or a political subdivision of that State or a public sector company: 15 per cent of the gross amount of the royalties; and

(B) in all other cases: 20 per cent of the gross amount of the royalties; and

(ii) during all subsequent years of income: 15 per cent of the gross amount of the royalties.

(3)  
The term " royalties " in this Article means payments or credits, whether periodical or not, and however described or computed, to the extent to which they are made as consideration for:


(a) the use of, or the right to use, any copyright, patent, design or model, plan, secret formula or process, trademark, or other like property or right;


(b) the use of, or the right to use, any industrial, commercial or scientific equipment;


(c) the supply of scientific, technical, industrial or commercial knowledge or information;


(d) the rendering of any technical or consultancy services (including those of technical or other personnel) which are ancillary and subsidiary to the application or enjoyment of any such property or right as is mentioned in subparagraph (a), any such equipment as is mentioned in subparagraph (b) or any such knowledge or information as is mentioned in subparagraph (c);


(e) the use of, or the right to use:


(i) motion picture films;

(ii) films or video tapes for use in connection with television; or

(iii) tapes for use in connection with radio broadcasting;


(f) total or partial forbearance in respect of the use or supply of any property or right referred to in subparagraphs (a) to (e); or


(g) the rendering of any services (including those of technical or other personnel) which make available technical knowledge, experience, skill, knowhow or processes or consist of the development and transfer of a technical plan or design;

but that term does not include payments or credits relating to services mentioned in subparagraphs (d) and (g) that are made:


(h) for services that are ancillary and subsidiary, and inextricably and essentially linked, to a sale of property;


(i) for services that are ancillary and subsidiary to the rental of ships, aircraft, containers or other equipment used in connection with the operation of ships or aircraft in international traffic;


(j) for teaching in or by an educational institution;


(k) for services for the personal use of the individual or individuals making the payments or credits; or


(l) to an employee of the person making the payments or credits or to any individual or firm of individuals (other than a company) for professional services as defined in Article 14.

(4)  
The provisions of paragraphs (1) and (2) shall not apply if the person beneficially entitled to the royalties, being a resident of one of the Contracting States, carries on business in the other Contracting State, in which the royalties arise, through a permanent establishment situated therein, or performs in that other State independent personal services from a fixed base situated therein, and the property, right or services in respect of which the royalties are paid or credited are effectively connected with such permanent establishment or fixed base. In such a case, the provisions of Article 7 or Article 14, as the case may be, shall apply.

(5)  
Royalties shall be deemed to arise in a Contracting State when the payer is that State itself or a political subdivision or local authority of that State or a person who is a resident of that State for the purposes of its tax. Where, however, the person paying the royalties, whether the person is a resident of one of the Contracting States or not, has in one of the Contracting States or outside both Contracting States a permanent establishment or fixed base in connection with which the liability to pay the royalties was incurred, and the royalties are borne by the permanent establishment or fixed base, then the royalties shall be deemed to arise in the State in which the permanent establishment or fixed base is situated.

(6)  
Where, owing to a special relationship between the payer and the person beneficially entitled to the royalties, or between both of them and some other person, the amount of the royalties paid or credited, having regard to what they are paid or credited for, exceeds the amount which might have been expected to have been agreed upon by the payer and the person so entitled in the absence of such relationship, the provisions of this Article shall apply only to the lastmentioned amount. In that case, the excess part of the amount of the royalties paid or credited shall remain taxable according to the law, relating to tax, of each Contracting State, but subject to the other provisions of this Agreement.




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