AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES

South African Agreement  

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF AUSTRALIA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA FOR THE AVOIDANCE OF DOUBLE TAXATION AND THE PREVENTION OF FISCAL EVASION WITH RESPECT TO TAXES ON INCOME  

ARTICLE 3   General Definitions  

1  
For the purposes of this Agreement, unless the context otherwise requires:


(a) the term " Australia " , when used in a geographical sense, excludes all external territories other than:


(i) the Territory of Norfolk Island;

(ii) the Territory of Christmas Island;

(iii) the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands;

(iv) the Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands;

(v) the Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands; and

(vi) the Coral Sea Islands Territory,
and includes any area adjacent to the territorial limits of Australia (including the Territories specified in this subparagraph) in respect of which there is for the time being in force, consistently with international law, a law of Australia dealing with the exploration for or exploitation of any of the natural resources of the seabed and subsoil of the continental shelf;


(b) the term " South Africa " means the Republic of South Africa and, when used in a geographical sense, includes its territorial sea as well as any area outside the territorial sea, including the continental shelf, which has been or may hereafter be designated, under the laws of South Africa and in accordance with international law, as an area within which South Africa may exercise sovereign rights or jurisdiction;


(c) the term " Australian tax " means tax imposed by Australia, being tax to which the Agreement applies by virtue of Article 2;


(d) the term " South African tax " means tax imposed by South Africa, being tax to which the Agreement applies by virtue of Article 2;


(e) the term " company " means any body corporate or any entity which is treated as a company or body corporate for tax purposes;


(f) the term " competent authority " means, in the case of Australia, the Commissioner of Taxation or an authorised representative of the Commissioner and, in the case of South Africa, the Commissioner for the South African Revenue Service or an authorised representative of the Commissioner;


(g) the terms " a Contracting State " and " other Contracting State " mean Australia or South Africa, as the context requires;


(h) the terms " enterprise of a Contracting State " and " enterprise of the other Contracting State " mean an enterprise carried on by a resident of Australia or an enterprise carried on by a resident of South Africa, as the context requires;


(i) the term " international traffic " means any transport by a ship or aircraft operated by an enterprise of a Contracting State, except when the ship or aircraft is operated solely from a place or between places in the other Contracting State;


(j) the term " national " , in relation to a Contracting State, means:


(i) any individual possessing the nationality or citizenship of that Contracting State; and

(ii) any company deriving its status as such from the laws in force in that Contracting State;


(k) the term " person " includes an individual, a company and any other body of persons;


(l) the term " tax " means Australian tax or South African tax as the context requires, but does not include any penalty or interest imposed under the law of either Contracting State relating to its tax.

2  
As regards the application of the Agreement at any time by a Contracting State, any term not defined in the Agreement shall, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meaning which it has at that time under the law of that State concerning the taxes to which the Agreement applies, any meaning under the applicable law of that State prevailing over a meaning given to the term under other law of that State.




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