AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES
(a) an enterprise of a Contracting State participates directly or indirectly in the management, control or capital of an enterprise of the other Contracting State; or
(b) the same persons participate directly or indirectly in the management, control or capital of an enterprise of a Contracting State and an enterprise of the other Contracting State,
and in either case conditions operate between the two enterprises in their commercial or financial relations which differ from those which would operate or which might be expected to operate between independent enterprises dealing wholly independently with one another, then any profits which, but for those conditions, have accrued or might have been expected to accrue to one of the enterprises but, by reason of those conditions, have not so accrued, may be included in the profits of that enterprise and taxed accordingly.2
Where, by virtue of the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article or Item (4) of the Protocol, a Contracting State includes in the profits of an enterprise of that State, and taxes accordingly, profits on which an enterprise of the other Contracting State has been charged to tax in that other State and the profits so included are profits which would have accrued or which might be expected to have accrued to the enterprise of the firstmentioned State if the conditions made between the two enterprises had been those which would have operated or which might be expected to have operated between independent enterprises dealing wholly independently with one another, then that other State shall, in accordance with the provisions of Article 24, make an appropriate adjustment to the amount of tax charged in that State on those profits if it agrees with the adjustment made by the firstmentioned Contracting State. In determining such an adjustment, due regard shall be had to the other provisions of this Agreement and the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall if necessary consult each other. 3
The provisions of paragraph 2 shall not apply in the case of fraud.