AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES
The Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (the MLI) has modified the application of this tax treaty. A synthesised text of the MLI and this tax treaty is available to facilitate the understanding of how the MLI modifies this tax treaty.
Article 18 of the Agreement is omitted and the following Article is substituted:
" ARTICLE 18
Subject to the provisions of the law of Australia from time to time in force which relate to the allowance of a credit against Australian tax of tax paid in a country outside Australia (which shall not affect the general principle hereof), Singapore tax paid under the law of Singapore and in accordance with this Agreement, whether directly or by deduction, in respect of income derived by a person who is a resident of Australia from sources in Singapore shall be allowed as a credit against Australian tax payable in respect of that income.
Where a company which is a resident of Singapore pays a dividend to a company which is a resident of Australia and which controls directly or indirectly not less than 10 per cent of the voting power of the first-mentioned company, the credit referred to in paragraph (1) shall include the Singapore tax paid by that first-mentioned company in respect of that portion of its profits out of which the dividend is paid.
For the purposes of paragraphs (1) and (2), ' Singapore tax paid ' shall be deemed to include an amount equivalent to the amount of Singapore tax which, under the law of Singapore relating to Singapore tax and in accordance with this Agreement, would have been payable but for an exemption from or reduction of Singapore tax granted under -
(a) section 13(2) of the Income Tax Act 1985 of Singapore;
(b) Parts II, IIIA, IV, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X or XI of the Economic Expansion Incentives (Relief from Income Tax) Act 1988 of Singapore; and
(c) Parts III, V, VIA or XII of the Economic Expansion Incentives (Relief from Income Tax) Act 1988 of Singapore except where the exemption or reduction is granted in respect of income attributable to the provision of financial (including insurance) services provided directly or indirectly to a person who is a resident of Australia,
insofar as those provisions were in force on, and have not been modified since, the date of signature of the Protocol which first amended the Agreement between the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia and the Government of the Republic of Singapore for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income signed in Canberra on 11 February 1969, or have been modified only in minor respects so as not to affect their general character or any other provision which may subsequently be made granting an exemption from or reduction of tax which the Treasurer of Australia and the Minister for Finance of Singapore, or their authorised representatives, agree from time to time in letters exchanged for this purpose to be of a substantially similar character, if that provision has not been modified thereafter or has been modified only in minor respects so as not to affect its general character.
The provisions of paragraph (3) shall apply only in relation to income derived in any of the 10 years of income beginning with the year of income that commenced on 1 July 1987 and in any later year of income that may be agreed in an exchange of letters for this purpose by the Treasurer of Australia and the Minister for Finance of Singapore, or their authorised representatives.
Subject to the provisions of the laws of Singapore regarding the allowance as a credit against Singapore tax of tax payable in any country other than Singapore, Australian tax payable, whether directly or by deduction, in respect of income from sources within Australia shall be allowed as a credit against Singapore tax payable in respect of that income. Where such income is a dividend paid by a company which is a resident of Australia to a company which is a resident of Singapore and which owns directly or indirectly not less than 10 per cent of the voting power of the first-mentioned company, the credit shall take into account the Australian tax paid by the first-mentioned company in respect of that portion of its profits out of which the dividend is paid. "