TA 2009/17Life insurance bonds issued by tax haven entities
The ATO view on the arrangement described in TA 2009/17 is set out in TR 2004/3.
FOI status: may be released
This Taxpayer Alert is concerned with life insurance bonds issued from tax haven entities to Australian residents which are designed to circumvent the Australian tax payable under the foreign investment fund measures.
Investors in these types of insurance bonds may not be eligible for concessional tax treatment such as capital gains tax exemption and the special rules applicable to reversionary bonus paid from life insurance bonds.
This Alert applies to arrangements with features that are substantially equivalent to the following:
- A person or group of persons (the promoter), operating in a tax haven, including Vanuatu, approaches Australian residents offering what purports to be a life insurance policy.
- In some cases, a facilitator in Australia may assist in the marketing of these arrangements.
- Australian resident participants involved in these arrangements may be individuals, companies, trusts, or self-managed superannuation funds (SMSFs).
- The promoter arranges what purports to be a life insurance bond policy through an insurance company located in a tax haven jurisdiction.
- Generally, the promoter or an Australian facilitator markets these arrangements on the basis that they will qualify as life insurance bonds for Australian tax purposes and that as a result investors will be able to qualify for concessional tax treatment, such as capital gains tax exemption and the special rules applicable to reversionary bonuses paid.
- Typically, these purported life insurance policies may not qualify for the expected concessional tax treatment, as they do not satisfy the requirement for these concessions.
- In addition, the promoter or an Australian facilitator may also indicate that fees paid in respect of such life insurance policies may be tax deductible in Australia.
FEATURES WHICH CONCERN US
The Tax Office considers that arrangements of this type give rise to the following income tax and superannuation regulatory issues, including whether:
- the arrangement, or certain steps within it, may constitute a sham at general law;
- upfront fees incurred in investing in these arrangements are deductible expenses under section 8-1 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 (ITAA 1997);
- section 79D of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 (ITAA 1936) (repealed from 24 September 2007) applies to limit the deductions for foreign sourced income;
- a capital gain or loss could arise under section 104-25 of the ITAA 1997 upon redemption of the bond;
- the foreign investment fund provisions under Part XI of the ITAA 1936 apply to include the accretion in value of the amount held in the life insurance bond policy in the assessable income of the taxpayer on an annual basis;
- section 26AH of the ITAA 1936 applies to include any reversionary bonuses paid on surrender to taxpayers who surrender their policies within 10 years of acquisition as assessable income;
- SMSFs are able to claim a deduction of 30% of the life insurance premium under section 279 of the ITAA 1936 (replaced by section 295-465 of the ITAA 1997 from the 2007-08 income year onwards);
- the Capital Gains Tax exemption under section 118-300 of the ITAA 1997 applies to SMSFs who invest in these arrangements;
- any provision of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993 (SISA 1993) has been contravened;
- any penalties or interest charges should be applied to any understatement of such assessable income for the Australian resident;
- the general anti-avoidance rules contained in Part IVA of the ITAA 1936 may operate to cancel a tax benefit under the arrangement;
- any fee or commission received by the promoters or marketers of this arrangement should be included as assessable income for the relevant income year;
- any entity involved in the arrangement may be a promoter of a tax exploitation scheme for the purposes of Division 290 of Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 (TAA 1953);
- any criminal offences may have been committed by the promoter, or their associates; and
- the conduct of a registered tax agent, involved in the marketing or facilitation of the arrangement, should be referred to the relevant tax agent board.
Taxation Ruling TR 2004/3 discusses taxation of foreign life insurance policies, while ATO ID 2009/99 and ATO ID 2009/100 discuss the life insurance premium deduction under section 279 of the ITAA 1936 (for years prior to the 2007-08 income year) and section 295-465 of the ITAA 1997 (from the 2007-08 income year onwards).
The Tax Office is investigating arrangements covered by this Alert, including through Project Wickenby.
Date of Issue: 23 November 2009
Date of Effect: 23 November 2009
complying superannuation funds
foreign investment funds
foreign life assurance policies
life insurance policies
taxation of superannuation entities
Income Tax Assessment Act 1936
Income Tax Assessment Act 1997
Taxation Administration Act 1953
|Contact Officer:||Paul Cheetham|
|Business Line:||Serious Non Compliance|
|Phone:||(02) 9374 8740|