SUPERANNUATION (RESOLUTION OF COMPLAINTS) ACT 1993

PART 1 - PRELIMINARY  

SECTION 1   1   SHORT TITLE  
This Act may be cited as the Superannuation (Resolution of Complaints) Act 1993.

SECTION 2   COMMENCEMENT  

2(1)   [Proclamation]  

Subject to subsection (2), this Act commences on a day to be fixed by Proclamation.

2(2)   [1 July 1994]  

If this Act does not commence under subsection (1) before 1 July 1994, it commences on that day.

SECTION 3   INTERPRETATION  

3(1)  
Unless the contrary intention appears, an expression used in this Act has the same meaning as in the Supervision Act.

3(2)  


In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

annuity policy
means a life policy in relation to an annuity that is declared to be a superannuation policy under regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (b) of the definition of superannuation policy in the Life Insurance Act 1995.

arbitration
(Repealed by No 116 of 2003)

arbitration agreement
(Repealed by No 116 of 2003)

beneficiary
has a meaning affected by section 4B.

complainant
means a person who has made a complaint under section 14, 14A, 15A, 15B, 15CA, 15E, 15F, 15H or 15J.

complaint
means a complaint that has been made under section 14, 14A, 15A, 15B, 15CA, 15E, 15F, 15H or 15J.

conduct
includes acts, omissions and representations.

Consumer Affairs Minister
means the Minister administering Schedule 2 to the Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

death benefit
means:


(a) a benefit:


(i) that is payable by the trustee of a regulated superannuation fund in respect of a member of the fund on or after the death of the member; and

(ii) that is provided in accordance with subparagraph 62(1)(a)(iv) or (v) or (b)(iii) or (iv) of the Supervision Act or in accordance with an approval of APRA under subparagraph 62(1)(b)(v) of that Act; or


(b) a benefit:


(i) that is payable by the trustee of an approved deposit fund in respect of a beneficiary of the fund on or after the death of the beneficiary; and

(ii) that is provided in accordance with the requirements of the Supervision Act; or


(c) a benefit that is payable by a life company within the meaning of the Life Insurance Act 1995 under an annuity policy in respect of the policy owner within the meaning of that Act on or after the death of the policy owner; or


(d) a benefit:


(i) that is payable by an RSA provider in respect of the holder of an RSA provided by the RSA provider; and

(ii) that is payable on or after the death of the RSA holder; and

(iii) that is provided in accordance with subsection 15(3) or paragraph 15(4)(c) of the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997; or


(e) a benefit:


(i) that is payable by an insurer, in relation to a contract of insurance where the premiums are paid from an RSA, in respect of the holder of an RSA provided by an RSA provider; and

(ii) that is payable on or after the death of the RSA holder; and

(iii) that is provided in accordance with subsection 15(3) or paragraph 15(4)(c) of the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997.

decision-maker
, in relation to a complaint relating to a disability benefit (whether under a contract of insurance or otherwise), means a person who the Tribunal has decided under paragraph 18(1)(d) is responsible for determining either or both of the existence and the extent of the disability (whether total and permanent or otherwise).

disability
(Omitted by No 144 of 1995)

disability benefit
means:


(a) a benefit that is:


(i) payable by the trustee of a regulated superannuation fund in the event of a temporary or permanent cessation of employment because of a partially or totally disabling physical or mental condition; and

(ii) provided in accordance with subparagraph 62(1)(b)(ii) of the Supervision Act; or


(b) a benefit that is:


(i) payable by an RSA provider in the event of temporary or permanent cessation of employment because of a partially or totally disabling physical or mental condition; and

(ii) provided in accordance with paragraph 15(4)(b) of the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997; or


(c) a benefit that is:


(i) payable by an insurer, in relation to a contract of insurance where the premiums are paid from an RSA in the event of temporary or permanent cessation of employment because of a partially or totally disabling physical or mental condition; and

(ii) provided in accordance with paragraph 15(4)(b) of the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997.

excluded complaint
means:


(a) a complaint about a decision of the trustee of a fund that is declared by the regulations to be a fund to which this Act does not apply; or


(ab) a complaint about a decision of an RSA provider in relation to an RSA that is declared by the regulations to be an RSA provider to which this Act does not apply; or


(b) a complaint about a matter declared by the regulations to be a matter about which complaints may not be made under this Act.

excluded subject matter
, in relation to a complaint, means subject matter that is declared by the regulations to be excluded subject matter for the purposes of this Act.

Federal Court
means the Federal Court of Australia.

fund
means a regulated superannuation fund or an approved deposit fund.

holder
, in relation to an RSA, has a meaning affected by section 4B.

holder
, in relation to an RSA, has the same meaning as in the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997.

insurer
means:


(a) in relation to a complaint under section 14 that concerns a decision relating to a death benefit or a disability benefit under a contract of insurance:


(i) the life company that is a party to that contract of insurance; or

(ii) the body corporate authorised to carry on insurance business under the Insurance Act 1973 that is a party to the contract of insurance; or


(b) in relation to a complaint under section 14A that concerns a decision to admit a person as a member of a life policy fund - the life company that is a party to the life policy covering the member; or


(c) in relation to a complaint under section 15A or 15B - the life company that is a party to the policy to which the complaint relates; or


(d) in relation to a complaint under section 15E, 15F, 15H or 15J, the life company that is a party to the policy to which the complaint relates.

interest
means:


(a) in relation to an annuity policy - a contractual right to the payment of money on the happening of certain events; and


(b) in relation to a life policy fund - a beneficial interest in the fund.

life company
has the same meaning as in the Life Insurance Act 1995.

life insurance broker
means:


(a) a financial services licensee (as defined in section 761A of the Corporations Act 2001) who carries on the business of arranging contracts of life insurance, whether in Australia or elsewhere, as an agent for intending insureds; or


(b) a representative of such a licensee.

life policy
has the same meaning as in the Life Insurance Act 1995.

life policy fund
means a regulated superannuation fund for the purpose of which the trustee maintains, in relation to at least some of the members of the fund:


(a) individual life policies covering each of those members; or


(b) a single life policy covering all of those members.

member
has a meaning affected by section 4B.

nominated State or Territory
(Repealed by No 116 of 2003)

party
, in relation to a complaint, has the meaning given by section 18.

party (in relation to an arbitration)
(Repealed by No 116 of 2003)

party's representative
means an officer or agent who is representing a party in accordance with section 23.

person who has an interest
, in relation to a death benefit, has a meaning affected by section 4B.

review meeting
means a meeting under Part 6 to review the decision of the trustee or superannuation provider to which the complaint relates.

RSA
has the same meaning as in the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997.

RSA provider
has the same meaning as in the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997.

sale
, in relation to an annuity policy in which a particular complainant has, or claims to have, an interest, includes any activity undertaken, or representation made:


(a) at the time of, or preliminary to, the entry into the policy, so that the policy as so entered into extends to that complainant, or to a person through whom that complainant claims to have that interest; and


(b) at the time of, or preliminary to, the variation of the policy, so that the policy as so varied affects that complainant or a person through whom that complainant claims to have that interest.

superannuation provider
means a person who is a superannuation provider within the meaning of the Superannuation Contributions Tax (Assessment and Collection) Act 1997 or the Superannuation Contributions Tax (Members of Constitutionally Protected Superannuation Funds) Assessment and Collection Act 1997.

Supervision Act
means the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993.

Tribunal
means the Superannuation Complaints Tribunal established by section 6.

Tribunal Chairperson
means the Chairperson of the Tribunal.

Tribunal Deputy Chairperson
means the Deputy Chairperson of the Tribunal.

Tribunal member
means a member of the Tribunal and includes the Tribunal Chairperson and the Tribunal Deputy Chairperson.

trustee
, in relation to a complaint, means the trustee of the fund to which the complaint relates.

Note 1:

In relation to the definition of trustee see also the definition of trustee in section 10 of the Supervision Act.

Note 2:

For definitions of APRA , ASIC , approved deposit fund , excluded approved deposit fund , self managed superannuation fund , function , regulated superannuation fund and Regulator , see subsection 10(1) of the Supervision Act.

3(3)   [Representative of an insurer]  

A reference in this Act to a representative of an insurer in relation to:


(a) an annuity policy issued by the insurer; or


(b) a life policy issued by the insurer and maintained by a trustee for the purposes of a life policy fund; or


(ba) a contract of insurance where the premiums are paid from an RSA;

includes a reference to:


(c) an agent of the insurer who engages in conduct in relation to that policy or contract; and


(d) any person, other than an agent of the insurer, who engages in such conduct and who is not a life insurance broker.

3(4)   [Representative of RSA]  

A reference in this Act to a representative of an RSA provider includes a reference to an agent, employee or officer of the RSA provider, or of an associate of the RSA provider, who engages in conduct in relation to an RSA.

SECTION 4   4   DEFINITION OF DECISION MADE BY A TRUSTEE, INSURER, RSA PROVIDER OR ANOTHER DECISION-MAKER  


For the purposes of this Act, a trustee, an insurer, an RSA provider or another decision-maker, makes a decision if:


(a) the trustee, insurer, RSA provider or other decision-maker, or a person acting for the trustee, insurer, RSA provider or other decision-maker, makes, or fails to make, a decision; or


(b) the trustee, insurer, RSA provider or other decision-maker, or a person acting for the trustee, insurer, RSA provider or other decision-maker, engages in any conduct, or fails to engage in any conduct, in relation to making a decision.

SECTION 4AA   4AA   APPLICATION OF THE CRIMINAL CODE  


Chapter 2 (except Part 2.5) of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.
Note:

Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

SECTION 4A   4A   ACT APPLIES TO CERTAIN EXEMPT PUBLIC SECTOR SUPERANNUATION SCHEMES  
The regulations may provide that a specified exempt public sector superannuation scheme is taken to be a regulated superannuation fund for the purposes of this Act. The scheme must be:


(a) a superannuation fund that complies with subsections 19(2) and (3) of the Supervision Act; or


(b) a scheme established:


(i) by or under a law of the Commonwealth; or

(ii) under the authority of the Commonwealth.

SECTION 4B   MODIFIED MEANINGS OF BENEFICIARY , MEMBER ETC.  

4B(1)   [Qualifying person]  

The regulations may provide that, for the purposes of this Act or specified provisions of this Act:


(a) a person is to be treated as being a qualifying person; or


(b) a person is not to be treated as being a qualifying person.

4B(2)   [Member or beneficiary]  

Without limiting subsection (1), regulations for the purposes of that subsection may be made in relation to a person who is entitled to become, or has applied to become, a member of a superannuation fund or a beneficiary of an approved deposit fund.

4B(3)   [Act applies with modifications]  

This Act applies with such modifications (if any) as are prescribed in relation to a person who is a qualifying person because of regulations made for the purposes of this section.

4B(4)   [Interpretation]  

In this section:

modifications
(Repealed by No 46 of 2011)

qualifying person
means:


(a) a member of a superannuation fund; or


(b) a beneficiary of an approved deposit fund; or


(c) a person who has an interest in a death benefit; or


(d) the holder of an RSA.

SECTION 4C   APPLICATION OF ACT IN RELATION TO AUSTRALIAN DEFENCE FORCE COVER  

4C(1)  
This Act applies in relation to the scheme provided for by the Australian Defence Force Cover Act 2015 as if:


(a) the scheme were a regulated superannuation fund; and


(b) a covered ADF member (as defined in that Act) were a member of the fund; and


(c) subparagraph (a)(ii) of the definition of death benefit in subsection 3(2) of this Act and subparagraph (a)(ii) of the definition of disability benefit in that subsection had not been enacted; and


(d) subparagraph 36(b)(ii) had not been enacted; and


(e) in connection with a complaint relating to the scheme, paragraphs 64(b) and 65(1)(b) of this Act required the Tribunal Chairperson to give particulars of a contravention of a law, or of a refusal or failure by a party to the complaint to give effect to a determination by the Tribunal, to both the following Ministers instead of to APRA or ASIC (or both APRA and ASIC):


(i) the Minister administering the Australian Defence Force Cover Act 2015;

(ii) the Minister administering the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013.

4C(2)  
Paragraph (1)(b) does not limit section 4B.

SECTION 5   5   ACT DOES NOT APPLY TO AN EXCLUDED FUND  


This Act does not apply to a self managed superannuation fund.
Note:

For the definition of self managed superannuation fund see section 10 of the Supervision Act.

SECTION 5A   5A   SEVERABLE OPERATION OF ACT SO FAR AS COMPLAINTS CONCERNING DEATH BENEFITS ARE CONCERNED  
Without limiting its effect apart from this section, this Act also has the effect it would have if the power of the Tribunal to review a complaint under section 14 about a decision of a trustee of a regulated superannuation fund relating to the payment of a death benefit in respect of a deceased member of the fund were confined to a power to review a complaint about:


(a) a decision of a trustee if the trustee is a constitutional corporation; or


(b) a decision of a trustee if the benefit is provided under a contract of insurance with the trustee; or


(c) a decision of a trustee if the benefit is:


(i) an invalid or old age pension within the meaning of section 51(xxiii) of the Constitution; or

(ii) a lump sum representing the commutation of an entitlement to such a pension; or

(iii) a lump sum representing the money in the fund comprising an accumulation of the contributions paid for the purpose of providing such a pension together with accumulated earnings at the time of payment of the lump sum.

PART 2 - ESTABLISHMENT AND CONSTITUTION OF THE SUPERANNUATION COMPLAINTS TRIBUNAL  

SECTION 6   6   ESTABLISHMENT  
A Superannuation Complaints Tribunal is established.

SECTION 7   MEMBERSHIP  

7(1)   [Constitution]  

The Tribunal consists of a Chairperson, a Deputy Chairperson and not fewer than 7 other members.

7(2)   [Appointment]  

The Tribunal Chairperson and the Tribunal Deputy Chairperson are to be appointed by the Governor-General.

7(2A)   [Basis of appointment]  

The Tribunal Chairperson may be appointed to hold office either on a full-time basis or on a part-time basis.

7(2B)   [Basis of appointment]  

The Tribunal Deputy Chairperson may be appointed to hold office either on a full-time basis or on a part-time basis.

7(3)   [Members]  

The Tribunal members, other than the Tribunal Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson, are to be appointed by the Minister and hold office on a part-time basis.

SECTION 7A   TRIBUNAL CHAIRPERSON  

7A(1)  
The Tribunal Chairperson is the executive officer of the Tribunal and is responsible for the overall operation and administration of the Tribunal.

7A(2)  
The Tribunal Chairperson is to:


(a) monitor the operations of the Tribunal to ensure that those operations are as fair, just, economical, informal and quick as practicable; and


(b) allocate the work of the Tribunal among the Tribunal members in accordance with guidelines under subsection (3).

7A(3)  
The Tribunal Chairperson may formulate written guidelines for the allocation of the work of the Tribunal.

7A(4)  


The Tribunal Chairperson may, by writing, delegate any or all of his or her functions or powers to any Tribunal member.

7A(5)  


In performing functions and exercising powers under the delegation, the delegate must comply with any directions of the Tribunal Chairperson.

SECTION 8   ELIGIBILITY FOR APPOINTMENT  

8(1)  
(Repealed by No 144 of 1995)

8(2) 
A person who is:


(a) a trustee of a fund; or


(b) a director or employee of a constitutional corporation that is a trustee of a fund; or


(c) a director or employee of an RSA provider; or


(d) a director or employee of an insurer;

is not eligible to be appointed as Tribunal Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson.

8(3)  
A person may be appointed as a Tribunal member only if:


(a) in the case of the Tribunal Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson - the Governor-General is of the opinion; or


(b) in any other case - the Minister is of the opinion;

that the person is qualified for appointment because of his or her knowledge of, or experience in, matters of kinds in respect of which complaints may be made to the Tribunal.

8(4)  


Two of the Tribunal members, other than the Tribunal Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson, are to be appointed after the Minister has consulted the Consumer Affairs Minister about their appointment.

SECTION 9   CONSTITUTION OF TRIBUNAL  

9(1)   [Constitution for exercise of powers]  

Subject to section 10, for the purposes of the performance or exercise of its functions or powers under this Act in relation to a particular complaint, the Tribunal is to be constituted by one or more, but not more than 3, Tribunal members selected by the Tribunal Chairperson.

9(1A)   [Grounds for reconstitution]  

After the Tribunal has been constituted for the purpose of dealing with a particular complaint and before it has made a determination in respect of the complaint, the Tribunal may be reconstituted under subsection (1) if the Tribunal Chairperson considers that the reconstitution of the Tribunal is desirable:


(a) to remove any perception of bias; or


(b) to ensure the timely performance or exercise of the Tribunal's functions or powers under this Act.

9(2)   [Selection of members]  

In selecting the Tribunal member or Tribunal members to constitute the Tribunal for the purposes of a particular complaint, the Tribunal Chairperson is to take into account their qualifications, experience and suitability having regard to the nature of that complaint.

9(2A)   [Guidelines for constitution of Tribunal]  

The Tribunal Chairperson:


(a) is to formulate written guidelines setting out how the Tribunal will usually be constituted for the purposes of dealing with different classes of complaints; and


(b) is to make the guidelines available to the public.

9(2B)   [Conduct of meetings where more than one member]  

Subsections (3) to (5) apply where the Tribunal is constituted for the purposes of the performance or exercise of its functions or powers under this Act in relation to a particular complaint by more than one member.

9(3)   [Chairperson to preside]  

The Tribunal Chairperson is to preside at all meetings of the members constituting the Tribunal at which the Chairperson is present.

9(3A)   [Deputy Chairperson to preside]  

The Tribunal Deputy Chairperson is to preside at all meetings of the members constituting the Tribunal at which the Tribunal Deputy Chairperson, but not the Tribunal Chairperson, is present.

9(3B)   [Selected member to preside]  

If neither the Chairperson nor the Deputy Chairperson is present at a particular meeting, the Tribunal member selected by the Chairperson is to preside at that meeting.

9(4)   [Conduct of meeting]  

The conduct of a meeting referred to in subsection (3), (3A) or (3B) is to be determined by the person presiding in accordance with procedural rules established by the Tribunal Chairperson.

9(5)   [Majority decision]  

If the members constituting the Tribunal disagree on a determination to be made by the Tribunal, a decision of the majority is taken to be a decision of all of them.

SECTION 10   DISCLOSURE OF INTERESTS  

10(1)   [Disclosure by Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson]  

The Tribunal Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson must each give written notice to the Minister of all direct or indirect financial interests that he or she has or acquires in:


(a) a fund; or


(b) a constitutional corporation that is a trustee of a fund; or


(ba) an RSA provider; or


(bb) an insurer; or


(bc) an RSA; or


(c) any other business.

10(2)   [Replacement of Chairperson]  

If a notice given by the Tribunal Chairperson under subsection (1) discloses a direct or indirect financial interest in relation to a particular complaint, another member, who may or may not be the Tribunal Deputy Chairperson, is to replace the Tribunal Chairperson in relation to that complaint.

10(2A)   [Replacement of Deputy Chairperson]  

If a notice given by the Tribunal Deputy Chairperson under subsection (1) discloses a direct or indirect financial interest in relation to a particular complaint, another member, who may or may not be the Tribunal Chairperson, is to replace the Tribunal Deputy Chairperson in relation to that complaint.

10(3)   [Disclosure by member]  

If a Tribunal member who is selected by the Tribunal Chairperson to be one of the members constituting the Tribunal in relation to a particular matter has a direct or indirect financial interest in that matter, the member must give written notice to the Tribunal Chairperson of the fact that the Tribunal member has an interest as soon as practicable after becoming aware of the relevant facts.

10(4)   [Reconstitution of Tribunal]  

If such a notice is given by a Tribunal member, the Tribunal Chairperson must reconstitute the Tribunal and select another Tribunal member to replace the member who gave the notice.

PART 3 - OBJECTIVES AND FUNCTIONS OF THE TRIBUNAL  

SECTION 11   11   TRIBUNAL OBJECTIVES  
The Tribunal must, in carrying out its functions or exercising its powers under this Act, pursue the objectives of providing mechanisms for:


(a) the conciliation of complaints; and


(b) if a complaint cannot be resolved by conciliation - the review of the decision or conduct to which the complaint relates;

that are fair, economical, informal and quick.

SECTION 12   FUNCTIONS  

12(1)   [Tribunal's functions]  

The functions of the Tribunal are:


(a) to inquire into a complaint and to try to resolve it by conciliation; and


(b) if the complaint cannot be resolved by conciliation - to review the decision or conduct to which the complaint relates;


(c) any functions conferred on the Tribunal by or under any other Act.

12(2)   [Other functions]  

In addition to the functions conferred on the Tribunal by a law of the Commonwealth, the Tribunal may perform functions conferred on the Tribunal by a law of a State or Territory, where:


(a) the functions relate to one or more exempt public sector superannuation schemes; and


(b) the schemes are not specified in regulations made for the purposes of section 4A.

SECTION 13   TRIBUNAL TO ISSUE A MEMORANDUM EXPLAINING HOW COMPLAINTS ARE TO BE DEALT WITH  

13(1)   [Memorandum for dealing with complaints]  

The Tribunal must prepare a memorandum explaining how:


(a) complaints may be made to the Tribunal; and


(b) the Tribunal is to try to resolve complaints by conciliation; and


(c) the Tribunal is to determine complaints that cannot be so resolved.


(d) (Repealed by No 116 of 2003)

13(2)   [Available to fund members, beneficiaries etc]  

The Tribunal must arrange for the memorandum to be made reasonably available to members of regulated superannuation funds, beneficiaries of approved deposit funds, holders of RSAs and holders of annuity policies.

PART 4 - COMPLAINTS, PROCEDURAL MATTERS RELATING TO COMPLAINTS AND COMPLAINTS THETRIBUNAL CANNOT DEAL WITH  

SECTION 14AA   COMPLAINTS MAY BE MADE ABOUT DISCRETIONARY OR NON-DISCRETIONARY DECISIONS  

14AA(1)   [Complaints about any decision]  

To avoid doubt, a complaint may be made under this Part about a decision whether or not the decision involved the exercise of a discretion.

14AA(2)   [Non-discretionary decision contrary to law]  

However, a decision that did not involve the exercise of a discretion is taken to have been unfair and unreasonable if the decision was contrary to law.

SECTION 14AB   WHEN COMPLAINTS CAN NO LONGER BE MADE  

14AB(1)  
A complaint cannot be made under this Part on or after the day that is the day, under item 58 of the Treasury Laws Amendment (Putting Consumers First - Establishment of the Australian Financial Complaints Authority) Act 2018, on and after which the amendments made by Part 4 of Schedule 1 to that Act apply.

14AB(2)  
This section has effect despite any other provision of this Part.

SECTION 14   COMPLAINTS ABOUT DECISIONS OF TRUSTEES OTHER THAN DECISIONS TO ADMIT PERSONS TO LIFE POLICY FUNDS  

14(1)   [Trustee's decision]  

This section applies if the trustee of a fund has made a decision (whether before or after the commencement of this Act) in relation to:


(a) a particular member or a particular former member of a regulated superannuation fund; or


(b) a particular beneficiary or a particular former beneficiary of an approved deposit fund.

14(1A)   [Exclusion]  

This section does not apply to a decision of a trustee in respect of which a complaint can be made to the Tribunal under section 14A.

14(2)   [Grounds]  

Subject to subsection (3) and section 15, a person may make a complaint (other than an excluded complaint) to the Tribunal, that the decision is or was unfair or unreasonable.

Note:

Although a complaint is about the decision of a trustee, the Tribunal may join an insurer or other person as a party to the complaint (see subsection 18(1)). The Tribunal may then review any decision of a person joined as a party that may be relevant to the complaint.

14(3)   [Period to make complaint]  

If a person has been given a written notice by the trustee of a fund setting out:


(a) the trustee's decision in relation to the person's objection to the payment of a death benefit; and


(b) the prescribed period within which the person must complain to the Tribunal about the decision;

the person may only make a complaint under this section to the Tribunal within that period.

14(4)   [Complaint not within prescribed period]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under this section about a trustee's decision that must be made within the prescribed period referred to in subsection (3) if the complaint is not made within that period.

14(5)   [Excluded matter]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under this section to the extent that it relates to excluded subject matter.

14(6)   [Management of fund]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under this section that relates to the management of a fund as a whole.

14(6A)  


The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under this section about a decision of a trustee relating to the payment of a disability benefit because of total and permanent disability if the complaint is not made within the following period:


(a) in the case of a person who, before the making of the decision, permanently ceased particular employment because of the physical or mental condition that gave rise to the claim for disability benefit - 4 years after the making of the decision;


(b) in any other case - 6 years after the making of the decision.

14(6B)   [Person permanently ceased particular employment]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under this section about a decision of a trustee relating to the payment of a disability benefit because of total and permanent disability if:


(a) before the making of the decision, the person permanently ceased particular employment (whether before or after commencement of this subsection) because of the physical or mental condition that gave rise to the claim for disability benefit; and


(b) the claim was not lodged, or is not lodged, with the trustee, within 2 years after the person permanently ceased that employment.

14(6C)   [Original decision relating to payment of disability benefit]  

Without limiting the meaning of a decision of a trustee relating to the payment of a disability benefit in any other provision of this Act, that expression means, for the purposes of subsections (6A) and (6B), the original decision of the trustee in relation to the matter.

14(6D)   [Original decision confirmed, varied, substituted]  

For the purposes of subsection (6C), if, as a result of a complaint about the original decision of the trustee under arrangements made under section 101 of the Supervision Act, the original decision was confirmed or varied, or another decision was substituted for the original decision:


(a) the decision as so confirmed or varied, or the substituted decision, is taken to be the original decision; and


(b) the decision as so confirmed or varied, or the substituted decision, is taken to have been made at the time when the original decision was made.

14(7)   [Manner of making complaint]  

A complaint under subsection (2) is to be made by sending or delivering a written complaint to the office of the Tribunal.

Note:

See section 3 for definitions of complaint , complainant , excluded complaint and excluded subject matter .

SECTION 14A   COMPLAINTS ABOUT DECISIONS OF TRUSTEES TO ADMIT PERSONS TO LIFE POLICY FUNDS  

14A(1)   [Complainant]  

A person who has, or claims to have, an interest in a life policy fund, either as a member of the fund who is covered by a life policy maintained by the trustee or as a person claiming through such a member, may complain that the decision of the trustee to admit the member to the fund was unfair or unreasonable.

Note:

Although a complaint is about the decision of a trustee, the Tribunal may join the insurer and any other person as well, as parties to the complaint (see subsection 18(2)).

14A(2)   [Conduct of insurer]  

For the purposes of subsection (1), the conduct of an insurer, or a representative of an insurer, in relation to dealings preliminary to the admission of a person as a member of a life policy fund is relevant to determining whether the trustee's decision to admit the person as such a member was unfair or unreasonable.

14A(3)  [Manner of making complaint]  

A complaint under this section is to be made by sending or delivering a written complaint to the office of the Tribunal.

14A(4)   [Whether decision involved undue influence or misrepresentation]  

When a complaint is made under this section, the Tribunal must, in determining whether the decision of the trustee to admit a person to a life policy fund was fair and reasonable, have regard, in particular, to the question whether that decision involved:


(a) undue influence or pressure on the person; or


(b) material misrepresentation made to the person;

in relation to becoming a member of the fund.

14A(5)   [Matters which may be taken into account]  

For the purposes of subsection (4), the Tribunal may take into account:


(a) the age, physical and mental condition, educational attainments and financial means of the person admitted to the fund; and


(b) the relative bargaining positions of the trustee and the person admitted to the fund or of any person acting for either of them; and


(c) the insurance and personal superannuation needs of the person admitted to the fund and of any other person having, or claiming to have, an interest in the fund as known to, or reasonably ascertainable by, the trustee or any person acting for the trustee; and


(d) the importance of ensuring that trustees act with fairness, openness and propriety in relation to invitations to become members of life policy funds and take reasonable steps to ensure that any persons acting for them also act with fairness, openness and propriety in relation to such matters; and


(e) the objects of this Act; and


(f) any other matter that the Tribunal considers relevant.

14A(6)   [Person acting for trustee]  

For the purposes of subsection (5), a reference to a person acting for the trustee of a life policy fund includes a reference to an insurer, or a representative of an insurer, when engaged in any dealings preliminary to the admission of a person as a member of the fund.

SECTION 15   WHO MAY MAKE A COMPLAINT UNDER SECTION 14  

15(1)   [Complainants]  

A person may make a complaint under section 14 only if:


(a) in the case of a decision that relates to the payment of a death benefit:


(i) the person has an interest in the benefit; or

(ii) the person claims to be, or to be entitled to benefits through, a person referred to in subparagraph (i); or

(iii) the person is acting for a person referred to in subparagraph (i) or (ii); or


(b) in the case of a decision that does not relate to the payment of a death benefit - the person is:


(i) a member or former member of the regulated superannuation fund; or

(ii) a beneficiary or former beneficiary of the approved deposit fund; or

(iii) a person acting for a person referred to in subparagraph (i) or (ii) or for the estate of such a person.

15(2)   [Interest in a death benefit]  

A person does not have an interest in a death benefit for the purposes of paragraph (1)(a) unless:


(a) the person:


(i) has been given written notice by the trustee of the proposed payment of the benefit; and

(ii) has been given written notice by the trustee of the prescribed period within which the person may object; and

(iii) has objected to the trustee within the prescribed period; or


(b) the person has not been notified by the trustee of the proposed payment of the benefit and the failure to notify was unreasonable; or


(c) the person has been notified by the trustee of the proposed payment of the benefit but was not notified of the prescribed period to object to the payment; or


(d) the person has been notified by the trustee of the proposed payment of the benefit but was notified of a period less than the prescribed period for the purposes of subparagraph (a)(ii).

Note:

See section 10 of the Supervision Act for definitions of approved deposit fund and superannuation fund .

SECTION 15A   COMPLAINTS ABOUT CONDUCT OF INSURERS CONCERNING SALE OF ANNUITY POLICIES  

15A(1)   [Complainant]  

A person who has, or claims to have, an interest in an annuity policy may complain to the Tribunal that the conduct of the insurer, or of a representative of the insurer, in respect of the sale of the policy, was unfair or unreasonable.

15A(2)   [Manner of making complaint]  

A complaint under this section is to be made by sending or delivering a written complaint to the office of the Tribunal.

15A(3)   [Conduct of insurer]  

When a complaint is made under this section concerning the conduct of the insurer, or of a representative of the insurer, in respect of the sale of an annuity policy, the Tribunal must, in determining whether the conduct of the insurer or of a representative of the insurer was unfair or unreasonable, have regard, in particular, to the question whether that conduct involved:


(a) undue influence or pressure on the insured; or


(b) material misrepresentation made to the insured;

in relation to the sale of the policy.

15A(4)   [Matters which may be taken into account]  

For the purposes of subsection (3), the Tribunal may take into account:


(a) the age, physical and mental condition, educational attainments and financial means of the insured; and


(b) the relative bargaining positions of the insurer or the insurer's representative and of the insured or any person acting for the insured; and


(c) the insurance and personal superannuation needs of the insured or of any other person having, or claiming to have, an interest in the policy as known to, or reasonably ascertainable by, the insurer or the insurer's representative; and


(d) the importance of ensuring that insurers act with fairness, openness and propriety in relation to the sale of interests in annuity policies and take reasonable steps to ensure that their representatives also act with fairness, openness and propriety in relation to the sale of such interests; and


(e) the objects of this Act; and


(f) any other matter that the Tribunal considers relevant.

Note:

See section 3 for the definition of annuity policy .

SECTION 15B   COMPLAINTS ABOUT DECISIONS OF INSURERS UNDER ANNUITY POLICIES  

15B(1)   [Grounds for complaint]  

Subject to subsection (3) and to section 15C, a person may, at any time, complain to the Tribunal that a decision of the insurer under an annuity policy is or was unfair or unreasonable.

15B(2)   [Notice by insurer]  

If a person is given a notice by an insurer in respect of an annuity policy setting out:


(a) the insurer's decision in relation to the person's objection to the proposed payment of a death benefit under the policy; and


(b) the prescribed period within which the person must complain to the Tribunal about the decision;

the person may only complain to the Tribunal within that period.

15B(3)   [Complaint must be within prescribed period]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under this section that must be made within the prescribed period referred to in subsection (2) if the complaint is not made within that period.

15B(4)   [Decision relates to matter particular to complainant]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under this section unless the decision relates to a matter that is particular to the complainant.

15B(5)   [Manner of making complaint]  

A complaint under this section is to be made by sending or delivering a written complaint to the office of the Tribunal.

15B(6)   [Matters to which Tribunal must have regard]  

When a complaint is made under this section about a decision of an insurer under an annuity policy, the Tribunal must, in determining whether that decision is or was unfair or unreasonable, have regard, in particular:


(a) to the seriousness of any failure to discharge an obligation under the terms of the policy; and


(b) to any action taken by the insurer that is contrary to the best interests of the insured or any other person having an interest under the policy.

Note:

See section 3 for the definition of annuity policy .

SECTION 15C   WHO MAY MAKE A COMPLAINT UNDER SECTION 15B  

15C(1)   [Complainant]  

A person may make a complaint under section 15B concerning a decision of an insurer under an annuity policy only if:


(a) in the case of a decision that relates to the payment of a death benefit:


(i) the person has an interest in the benefit; or

(ii) the person claims to be, or to be entitled to benefits through, a person referred to in subparagraph (i); or

(iii) the person is acting for a person referred to in subparagraph (i) or (ii); or


(b) in the case of a decision that does not relate to the payment of a death benefit the person is:


(i) a person having an interest in the annuity policy; or

(ii) a person acting for a person referred to in subparagraph (i).

15C(2)   [Interest in a death benefit]  

A person does not have an interest in a death benefit for the purposes of paragraph (1)(a) unless:


(a) the person:


(i) has been given written notice by the insurer of the proposed payment of the benefit; and

(ii) has been given written notice by the insurer of the prescribed period within which the person may object; and

(iii) has objected to the insurer within the prescribed period; or


(b) the person has not been notified by the insurer of the proposed payment of the benefit and the failure to notify was unreasonable; or


(c) the person has been notified by the insurer of the proposed payment of the benefit but was not notified of the prescribed period to object to the payment; or


(d) the person has been notified by the insurer of the proposed payment of the benefit but was notified of a period less than the prescribed period for the purposes of subparagraph (a)(ii).

SECTION 15CA   COMPLAINTS ABOUT STATEMENTS GIVEN TO COMMISSIONER OF TAXATION BY SUPERANNUATION PROVIDER  

15CA(1)  


If a superannuation provider has given the Commissioner of Taxation a statement under:


(a) section 13 of the Superannuation Contributions Tax (Assessment and Collection) Act 1997; or


(b) section 12 of the Superannuation Contributions Tax (Members of Constitutionally Protected Superannuation Funds) Assessment and Collection Act 1997; or


(ba) subsection 133-120(2) in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953; or


(bb) subsection 133-140(1) in that Schedule; or


(c) section 390-5 in that Schedule; or


(d) section 390-20 in that Schedule;

setting out an amount or amounts in respect of a person, the person may make a complaint (other than an excluded complaint) to the Tribunal that the decision to set out the amount or amounts in the statement was unfair or unreasonable.

15CA(2)  


If a person who is given by a superannuation provider a copy of a statement given by the provider to the Commissioner under:


(a) section 13 of the Superannuation Contributions Tax (Assessment and Collection) Act 1997; or


(b) section 12 of the Superannuation Contributions Tax (Members of Constitutionally Protected Superannuation Funds) Assessment and Collection Act 1997; or


(ba) subsection 133-120(2) in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953; or


(bb) subsection 133-140(1) in that Schedule; or


(c) section 390-5 in that Schedule; or


(d) section 390-20 in that Schedule;

is also given by the provider a notice setting out the prescribed period within which the person must complain to the Tribunal about the decision, the person may only make a complaint to the Tribunal under this section within that period.

15CA(3)  
The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under this section that must be made within the prescribed period referred to in subsection (2) if the complaint is not made within that period.

15CA(4)  
The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under this section to the extent that it relates to excluded subject matter.

15CA(5)  
A complaint under this section is to be made by sending or delivering a written complaint to the office of the Tribunal.

SECTION 15D   TRIBUNAL CANNOT DEAL WITH CERTAIN COMPLAINTS  

15D(1)   [Excluded subject matter]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under section 14A, 15A or 15B to the extent that it relates to excluded subject matter.

15D(2)   [Complaints about decision to admit persons to life policy funds]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under section 14A unless the complainant, or the person through whom the complainant claims to have an interest in the life policy fund to which the complaint relates, was admitted to the fund on or after the day on which the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Legislation Amendment Act 1995 receives the Royal Assent (the Assent day ).

15D(3)   [Decisions other than to admit persons to life policy funds]  

Subsection (2) does not imply that if a person was admitted as a member of a life policy fund (however described) before the Assent day, that person, or a person claiming an interest in the fund through the first-mentioned person, cannot make a complaint under section 14, whether before, on or after that day, about the decision of the trustee to admit the first-mentioned person as a member of the fund.

15D(4)   [Complaints concerning sale of annuity policies]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under section 15A unless the interest of the complainant, or of the person through whom the complainant claims to have that interest, in the annuity policy to which the complaint relates:


(a) was acquired on or after the Assent day; or


(b) was varied on or after the Assent day whether or not it was acquired on or after that day.

15D(5)   [Complaints about decisions of insurers under annuity policies]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under section 15B unless the interest of the complainant, or of the person through whom the complainant claims to have that interest, in the annuity policy to which the complaint relates, was acquired on or after the Assent day.

Note:

See section 3 for the definition of excluded subject matter .

SECTION 15E   COMPLAINTS ABOUT CONDUCT OF RSA PROVIDERS CONCERNING OPENING OF RSAs  

15E(1)   [Holders and former holders]  

A person who is, or claims to be, the holder, or the former holder of an RSA may make a complaint (other than an excluded complaint) to the Tribunal, that the conduct of the RSA provider, or of a representative of the RSA provider, in respect of the opening of the RSA, was unfair or unreasonable.

Note:

Although a complaint is about the conduct of an RSA provider, the Tribunal may join an insurer and any other person, as parties to the complaint (see subsection 18(3A)). The Tribunal may then review any conduct of the person joined that may be relevant to the complaint.

15E(2)   [Sending of written complaint]  

A complaint under this section is to be made by sending or delivering a written complaint to the office of the Tribunal.

15E(3)   [Matters to be regarded]  

When a complaint is made under this section concerning the conduct of the RSA provider, or of a representative of the RSA provider, in respect of the opening of an RSA, the Tribunal must, in determining whether the conduct of the RSA provider or of a representative of the RSA provider was unfair or unreasonable, have regard, in particular, to the question whether that conduct involved:


(a) undue influence or pressure on the RSA holder; or


(b) material misrepresentation made to the RSA holder;

in relation to the opening of the RSA.

15E(4)   [Matters to be taken into account]  

For the purposes of subsection (3), the Tribunal may take into account:


(a) the age, physical and mental condition, educational attainments and financial means of the RSA holder; and


(b) the relative bargaining positions of the RSA provider or the RSA provider's representative and of the RSA holder or any person acting for the RSA holder; and


(c) the insurance and personal superannuation needs of the RSA holder or of any other person having, or claiming to have, an interest in the RSA as known to, or reasonably ascertainable by, the RSA provider or the RSA provider's representative; and


(d) the importance of ensuring that RSA providers act with fairness, openness and propriety in relation to the opening of RSAs and take reasonable steps to ensure that their representatives also act with fairness, openness and propriety in relation to the opening of RSAs; and


(e) the objects of this Act; and


(f) any other matter that the Tribunal considers relevant.

SECTION 15F   COMPLAINTS ABOUT DECISIONS OF RSA PROVIDERS  

15F(1)   [Unfair or unreasonable decisions]  

Subject to subsections (3) to (6) and section 15G, a person may, at any time, make a complaint (other than an excluded complaint) to the Tribunal, that a decision of an RSA provider in relation to a particular RSA holder or former RSA holder, is or was unfair or unreasonable.

Note:

Although a complaint is about a decision of an RSA provider, the Tribunal may join an insurer and any other person, as parties to the complaint (see subsection 18(3A)). The Tribunal may then review any decision of the person joined that may be relevant to the complaint.

15F(2)   [Prescribed period for complaint]  

If a person is given a notice by an RSA provider in respect of an RSA setting out:


(a) the RSA provider's decision in relation to the person's objection to the proposed payment of a death benefit under the RSA; and


(b) the prescribed period within which the person must complain to the Tribunal about the decision;

the person may only complain to the Tribunal within that period.

15F(3)   [Complaint made out of time]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under this section that must be made within the prescribed period referred to in subsection (2) if the complaint is not made within that period.

15F(4)   [Management]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under this section to the extent that it relates to the management as a whole of:


(a) an RSA provider; or


(b) an RSA provider's business; or


(c) an RSA provider's investments.

15F(5)   [Period for complaints re permanent disability]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under this section about a decision of an RSA provider relating to the payment of a disability benefit because of total and permanent disability unless the complaint is made within a period of one year after the making of the decision to which the complaint relates.

15F(6)   [Where permanent disability not dealt with]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under this section about a decision of an RSA provider relating to the payment of a disability benefit because of total and permanent disability if:


(a) before the making of the decision, the person permanently ceased particular employment because of the physical or mental condition that gave rise to the claim for disability benefit; and


(b) the claim was not lodged, or is not lodged, with the RSA provider, within one year after the person permanently ceased that employment because of that physical or mental condition.

15F(7)   [Original provider decision]  

Without limiting the meaning of a decision of an RSA provider relating to the payment of a disability benefit in any other provision of this Act, that expression means, for the purposes of subsections (5) and (6), the original decision of the RSA provider in relation to the matter.

15F(8)   [Deemed time of varied decision]  

For the purposes of subsection (7), if, as a result of a complaint about the original decision of the RSA provider under arrangements made under section 47 of the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997, the original decision was confirmed or varied, or another decision was substituted for the original decision:


(a) the decision as so confirmed or varied, or the substituted decision, is taken to be the original decision; and


(b) the decision as so confirmed or varied, or the substituted decision, is taken to have been made at the time when the original decision was made.

15F(9)   [Sending of written complaint]  

A complaint under this section is to be made by sending or delivering a written complaint to the office of the Tribunal.

15F(10)   [Unfair or unreasonable decisions]  

When a complaint is made under this section about a decision of an RSA provider under an RSA, the Tribunal must, in determining whether that decision is or was unfair or unreasonable, have regard, in particular:


(a) to the seriousness of any failure to discharge an obligation under the terms of the RSA; and


(b) to any action taken by the RSA provider that is contrary to the best interests of the RSA holder or any other person having an interest under the RSA.

SECTION 15G   WHO MAY MAKE A COMPLAINT UNDER SECTION 15F  

15G(1)   [Circumstances for complaints]  

A person may make a complaint under section 15F concerning a decision of an RSA provider in relation to an RSA only if:


(a) in the case of a decision that relates to the payment of a death benefit:


(i) the person has an interest in the benefit; or

(ii) the person claims to be, or to be entitled to benefits through, a person referred to in subparagraph (i); or

(iii) the person is acting for a person referred to in subparagraph (i) or (ii); or


(b) in the case of a decision that does not relate to the payment of a death benefit - the person is:


(i) the holder or the former holder of the RSA; or

(ii) a person acting for the holder or the former holder of the RSA, or for the estate of such a person.

15G(2)   [Interest in death benefit]  

A person does not have an interest in a death benefit for the purposes of paragraph (1)(a) unless:


(a) the person:


(i) has been given written notice by the RSA provider of the proposed payment of the benefit; and

(ii) has been given written notice by the RSA provider of the prescribed period within which the person may object; and

(iii) has objected to the RSA provider within the prescribed period; or


(b) the person has not been notified by the RSA provider of the proposed payment of the benefit and the failure to notify was unreasonable; or


(c) the person has been notified by the RSA provider of the proposed payment of the benefit but was not notified of the prescribed period to object to the payment; or


(d) the person has been notified by the RSA provider of the proposed payment of the benefit but was notified of a period less than the prescribed period for the purposes of subparagraph (a)(ii).

SECTION 15H   COMPLAINTS ABOUT CONDUCT OF INSURERS CONCERNING SALE OF INSURANCE BENEFITS  

15H(1)   [Unfair or unreasonable conduct]  

A person who is, or claims to be, the holder, or the former holder, of an RSA may complain to the Tribunal that the conduct of an insurer, or of a representative of an insurer, in respect of the sale of insurance benefits in relation to a contract of insurance where the premiums are paid from an RSA, was unfair or unreasonable.

Note:

Although a complaint is about the conduct of an insurer, the Tribunal may join the RSA provider and any other person, as parties to the complaint (see subsection 18(3B)). The Tribunal may then review any conduct of the person joined that may be relevant to the complaint.

15H(2)   [Written complaints]  

A complaint under this section is to be made by sending or delivering a written complaint to the office of the Tribunal.

15H(3)   [Matters to be regarded]  

When a complaint is made under this section concerning the conduct of the an insurer, or of a representative of an insurer, in respect of the entry into a contract of insurance in connection with an RSA, the Tribunal must, in determining whether the conduct of the insurer, or of a representative of the insurer, was unfair or unreasonable, have regard, in particular, to the question whether that conduct involved:


(a) undue influence or pressure on the RSA holder; or


(b) material misrepresentation made to the RSA holder;

in relation to entry into the contract.

15H(4)   [Matters to be taken into account]  

For the purposes of subsection (3), the Tribunal may take into account:


(a) the age, physical and mental condition, educational attainments and financial means of the RSA holder; and


(b) the relative bargaining positions of the insurer or the insurer's representative and of the RSA holder or any person acting for the RSA holder; and


(c) the insurance and personal superannuation needs of the RSA holder or of any other person having, or claiming to have, an interest in the RSA as known to, or reasonably ascertainable by, the insurer or the insurer's representative; and


(d) the importance of ensuring that insurers act with fairness, openness and propriety in relation to entering into contracts of insurance in connection with RSAs and take reasonable steps to ensure that their representatives also act with fairness, openness and propriety in relation to such conduct; and


(e) the objects of this Act; and


(f) any other matter that the Tribunal considers relevant.

SECTION 15J   COMPLAINTS ABOUT DECISIONS OF INSURERS  

15J(1)   [Unfair or unreasonable decision]  

Subject to subsections (3) to (6) and to section 15K, a person may, at any time, complain to the Tribunal that a decision of an insurer in relation to a contract of insurance where the premiums are paid from an RSA, is or was unfair or unreasonable.

Note:

Although a complaint is about a decision of an insurer, the Tribunal may join the RSA provider and any other person, as parties to the complaint (see subsection 18(3B)). The Tribunal may then review any decision of the person joined that may be relevant to the complaint.

15J(2)   [Prescribed period for complaints]  

If a person is given a notice by an insurer in respect of a contract of insurance setting out:


(a) the insurer's decision in relation to the person's objection to the proposed payment of a death benefit in relation to the contract of insurance; and


(b) the prescribed period within which the person must complain to the Tribunal about the decision;

the person may only complain to the Tribunal within that period.

15J(3)   [Complaints made out of time]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under this section that must be made within the prescribed period referred to in subsection (2) if the complaint is not made within that period.

15J(4)   [Management decision]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under this section to the extent that it relates to the management as a whole of:


(a) an insurer; or


(b) an insurer's business; or


(c) an insurer's investments.

15J(5)   [One year for permanent disability complaint]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under this section about a decision of an insurer relating to the payment of a disability benefit because of total and permanent disability unless the complaint is made within a period of one year after the making of the decision to which the complaint relates.

15J(6)   [Limits on permanent disability complaints]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under this section about a decision of an insurer relating to the payment of a disability benefit because of total and permanent disability if:


(a) before the making of the decision, the person permanently ceased particular employment because of the physical or mental condition that gave rise to the claim for disability benefit; and


(b) the claim was not lodged, or is not lodged, with the insurer, within one year after the person permanently ceased that employment because of the physical or mental condition.

15J(7)   [Original decision]  

Without limiting the meaning of a decision of an insurer relating to the payment of a disability benefit in any other provision of this Act, that expression means, for the purposes of subsections (5) and (6), the original decision of the insurer in relation to the matter.

15J(8)   [Substitute decision]  

For the purposes of subsection (7), if, as a result of a complaint about the original decision of the insurer under arrangements made for dealing with complaints, the original decision was confirmed or varied, or another decision was substituted for the original decision:


(a) the decision as so confirmed or varied, or the substituted decision, is taken to be the original decision; and


(b) the decision as so confirmed or varied, or the substituted decision, is taken to have been made at the time when the original decision was made.

15J(9)   [Making complaint in writing]  

A complaint under this section is to be made by sending or delivering a written complaint to the office of the Tribunal.

15J(10)   [Matters to be regarded]  

When a complaint is made under this section about a decision of an insurer in relation to a contract of insurance entered into in connection with an RSA, the Tribunal must, in determining whether that decision is or was unfair or unreasonable, have regard, in particular:


(a) to the seriousness of any failure to discharge an obligation under the terms of the contract of insurance; and


(b) to any action taken by the insurer that is contrary to the best interests of the RSA holder or any other person having an interest under the contract of insurance.

SECTION 15K   WHO MAY MAKE A COMPLAINT UNDER SECTION 15J  

15K(1)   [Categories of complainants]  

A person may make a complaint under section 15J concerning a decision of an insurer in relation to a contract of insurance entered into in connection with an RSA only if:


(a) in the case of a decision that relates to the payment of a death benefit:


(i) the person has an interest in the benefit; or

(ii) the person claims to be, or to be entitled to benefits through, a person referred to in subparagraph (i); or

(iii) the person is acting for a person referred to in subparagraph (i) or (ii); or


(b) in the case of a decision that does not relate to the payment of a death benefit - the person is:


(i) the holder or the former holder of the RSA; or

(ii) a person acting for the holder or the former holder of the RSA, or for the estate of such a person.

15K(2)   [Interest in death benefit]  

A person does not have an interest in a death benefit for the purposes of paragraph (1)(a) unless:


(a) the person:


(i) has been given written notice by the insurer of the proposed payment of the benefit; and

(ii) has been given written notice by the insurer of the prescribed period within which the person may object; and

(iii) has objected to the insurer within the prescribed period; or


(b) the person has not been notified by the insurer of the proposed payment of the benefit and the failure to notify was unreasonable; or


(c) the person has been notified by the insurer of the proposed payment of the benefit but was not notified of the prescribed period to object to the payment; or


(d) the person has been notified by the insurer of the proposed payment of the benefit but was notified of a period less than the prescribed period for the purposes of subparagraph (a)(ii).

SECTION 16   16   TRIBUNAL TO HELP COMPLAINANTS TO MAKE COMPLAINTS  
If the Tribunal thinks that:


(a) a complainant wishes to make a complaint; and


(b) the complainant needs help to make the complaint or to put it in writing;

the Tribunal must take reasonable steps to help the complainant.

SECTION 17   NOTIFICATION PROCEDURES ON RECEIPT OF A COMPLAINT  

17(1)   [Complaints under s 14 or 14A]  

If the complainant sends or delivers a complaint under section 14 or 14A to an office of the Tribunal, the Tribunal must:


(a) by notice in writing given to the complainant, acknowledge receipt of the complaint; and


(b) by notice in writing given to the trustee concerned:


(i) tell the trustee that a complaint has been made to the Tribunal and identify the complainant; and

(ii) give details of the complaint; and

(iii) tell the trustee of the trustee's obligations under section 24.

17(2)   [Complaints under s 15A or 15B]  

If the complainant sends or delivers a complaint under section 15A or 15B to an office of the Tribunal, the Tribunal must:


(a) by notice in writing given to the complainant, acknowledge receipt of the complaint; and


(b) by notice in writing given to the insurer concerned:


(i) tell the insurer that a complaint has been made to the Tribunal and identify the complainant; and

(ii) give details of the complaint; and

(iii) tell the insurer of the insurer's obligations under section 24.

17(2A)   [Where complaint of statements made]  

If the complainant sends or delivers a complaint under section 15CA to an office of the Tribunal, the Tribunal must:


(a) by notice in writing given to the complainant, acknowledge receipt of the complaint; and


(b) by notice in writing given to the superannuation provider concerned:


(i) tell the provider that a complaint has been made to the Tribunal and identify the complainant; and

(ii) give details of the complaint; and

(iii) tell the provider of the provider's obligations under section 24AA.

17(3)   [Conduct or decision of RSA provider]  

If the complainant sends or delivers a complaint under section 15E or 15F to an office of the Tribunal, the Tribunal must:


(a) by notice in writing given to the complainant, acknowledge receipt of the complaint; and


(b) by notice in writing given to the RSA provider concerned:


(i) tell the RSA provider that a complaint has been made to the Tribunal and identify the complainant; and

(ii) give details of the complaint; and

(iii) tell the RSA provider of the RSA provider's obligations under section 24.

17(4)   [Conduct or decision of insurer]  

If the complainant sends or delivers a complaint under section 15H or 15J to an office of the Tribunal, the Tribunal must:


(a) by notice in writing given to the complainant, acknowledge receipt of the complaint; and


(b) by notice in writing given to the insurer concerned:


(i) tell the insurer that a complaint has been made to the Tribunal and identify the complainant; and

(ii) give details of the complaint; and

(iii) tell the insurer of the insurer's obligations under section 24.

SECTION 17A   NOTIFICATION PROCEDURES RELATING TO OTHER PERSONS JOINED OR SEEKING TO BE JOINED AS PARTIES  

17A(1)   [Joinder of parties to complaint under s 14]  

If:


(a) a person has made a complaint under section 14; and


(b) the Tribunal decides, under subsection 18(1), that an insurer or other decision-maker or any other person should be joined as a party to the complaint;

the Tribunal must, by notice in writing given to the new party and to all of the existing parties to the complaint:


(c) tell them that it has so decided and of its reasons for so deciding; and


(d) tell the new party of the party's obligations under section 24.

17A(2)   [Joinder of parties to complaint under s 14A]  

If:


(a) a person has made a complaint under section 14A; and


(b) the Tribunal decides, under subsection 18(2), that an insurer or other person should be joined as a party to the complaint;

the Tribunal must, by notice in writing given to the new party and to all of the existing parties to the complaint:


(c) tell them that it has so decided and of its reasons for so deciding; and


(d) tell the new party of the party's obligations under section 24.

17A(3)   [Joinder of parties to complaint under s 15A or 15B]  

If:


(a) a person has made a complaint under section 15A 15B, 15E, 15F, 15H or 15J; and


(b) the Tribunal decides, under subsection 18(3), (3A) or (3B), that a person should be joined as a party to the complaint;

the Tribunal must, by notice in writing given to the new party and to all of the existing parties to the complaint:


(c) tell them that it has so decided and of its reasons for so deciding; and


(d) tell the new party of the party's obligations under section 24.

17A(3A)   [Notices to new parties and existing parties]  

If:


(a) a person has made a complaint under section 15CA; and


(b) the Tribunal decides, under subsection 18(3AA), that a person should be joined as a party to the complaint;

the Tribunal must, by notice in writing given to the new party and to all of the existing parties to the complaint:


(c) tell them that it has so decided and of its reasons for so deciding; and


(d) tell the new party of the party's obligations under section 24AA.

17A(4)   [Decision that applicant not be joined as party]  

If:


(a) a person has made a complaint under section 14, 14A, 15A 15B, 15CA, 15E, 15F, 15H or 15J; and


(b) a person has applied to be made a party to the complaint (whether under section 24A or otherwise); and


(c) the Tribunal decides that the person does not have a sufficient interest to be joined under paragraph 18(1)(e), (2)(d), (3)(c), (3AA)(b), (3A)(e) or (3B)(e), as the case requires, as a party to the complaint;

the Tribunal must, by notice in writing given to the applicant, tell the applicant that it has so decided and of its reasons for so deciding.

SECTION 18   PARTIES TO A COMPLAINT  

18(1)   [Parties to complaint under s 14]  

The parties to a complaint under section 14 are:


(a) the complainant; and


(b) the trustee; and


(c) if the subject matter of the complaint relates to a death benefit or a disability benefit under a contract of insurance between the trustee and an insurer and the Tribunal decides that the insurer should be a party to the complaint - the insurer; and


(d) if the subject matter of the complaint relates to a disability benefit (whether under a contract of insurance or otherwise) and the Tribunal decides that a person other than a trustee or insurer is responsible for determining either or both of the existence and the extent of the disability (whether total and permanent or otherwise) - that person; and


(e) if any other person has applied to the Tribunal to be made a party to the complaint (whether under section 24A or otherwise) and the Tribunal decides that the person should be a party to the complaint - that person.

18(2)   [Parties to complaint under s 14A]  

The parties to a complaint under section 14A concerning a decision to admit a person to a life policy fund are:


(a) the complainant; and


(b) the trustee; and


(c) if the Tribunal decides that the insurer who issued to the trustee a life policy covering the life of the person to whom the complaint relates should be a party to the complaint - the insurer; and


(d) if any other person has applied to the Tribunal to be made a party to the complaint (whether under section 24A or otherwise) and the Tribunal decides that the person should be a party to the complaint - that person.

18(3)   [Parties to complaint under s 15A or 15B]  

The parties to a complaint under section 15A or 15B are:


(a) the complainant; and


(b) the insurer; and


(c) if any other person has applied to the Tribunal to be made a party to the complaint (whether under section 24A or otherwise) and the Tribunal decides that the person should be a party to the complaint - that person.

18(3AA)   [Complaints re statement given to Commissioner of Taxation]  

The parties to a complaint under section 15CA are:


(a) the complainant; and


(b) the superannuation provider; and


(c) if any other person has applied to the Tribunal to be made a party to the complaint (whether under section 24A or otherwise) and the Tribunal decides that the person should be a party to the complaint - that person.

18(3A)   [Complaints re RSA providers]  

The parties to a complaint under section 15E or 15F are:


(a) the complainant; and


(b) the RSA provider; and


(c) if the subject matter of the complaint relates to a death benefit or a disability benefit in relation to a contract of insurance relating to an RSA, and the Tribunal decides that the insurer should be a party to the complaint - the insurer; and


(d) if the subject matter of the complaint relates to a disability benefit (whether in relation to a contract of insurance or otherwise) and the Tribunal decides that a person other than an RSA provider or insurer is responsible for determining either or both of the existence and the extent of the disability (whether total and permanent or otherwise) - that person; and


(e) if any other person has applied to the Tribunal to be made a party to the complaint (whether under section 24A or otherwise) and the Tribunal decides that the person should be a party to the complaint - that person.

18(3B)   [Complaints re insurers]  

The parties to a complaint under section 15H or 15J are:


(a) the complainant; and


(b) the insurer; and


(c) if the subject matter of the complaint relates to a death benefit or a disability benefit in relation to a contract of insurance relating to an RSA and the Tribunal decides that the RSA provider should be a party to the complaint - the RSA provider; and


(d) if the subject matter of the complaint relates to a disability benefit (whether in relation to a contract of insurance or otherwise) and the Tribunal decides that a person other than an RSA provider or insurer is responsible for determining either or both of the existence and the extent of the disability (whether total and permanent or otherwise) - that person; and


(e) if any other person has applied to the Tribunal to be made a party to the complaint (whether under section 24A or otherwise) and the Tribunal decides that the person should be a party to the complaint - that person.

18(4)   [Joinder of other parties]  

Nothing in this section implies that a person cannot be joined under this section as a party to a complaint after the Tribunal has started to deal with the complaint.

SECTION 19   TRIBUNAL NOT TO DEAL WITH COMPLAINT UNLESS THE COMPLAINANT HAS ATTEMPTED TO HAVE THE MATTER RESOLVED  

19(1)   [Complaints under s 14 or 14A]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under section 14 or 14A unless the complainant satisfies the Tribunal that:


(a) a complaint about the same subject matter was previously made to an appropriate person under arrangements for dealing with such complaints made under section 101 of the Supervision Act; and


(b) the complaint so made was not settled to the satisfaction of the complainant within 90 days or such longer period as the Tribunal allows.

19(2)   [Complaints under s 15A or 15B]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under section 15A or 15B unless the complainant satisfies the Tribunal that the complainant has made all reasonable efforts to have the complaint resolved by the insurer under the annuity policy to which the complaint relates.

19(2A)   [Where complaint relates to statement made to Commissioner of Taxation]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under section 15CA unless the complainant satisfies the Tribunal that the complainant has made all reasonable efforts to have the complaint resolved by the superannuation provider to which the complaint relates.

19(3)   [Complaints re RSA providers]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under section 15E or 15F unless the complainant satisfies the Tribunal that:


(a) a complaint about the same subject matter was previously made to an appropriate person under arrangements for dealing with such complaints made under section 47 of the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997; and


(b) the complaint so made was not settled to the satisfaction of the complainant within 90 days or such longer period as the Tribunal allows.

19(4)   [Complaints re insurers]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint under section 15H or 15J unless the complainant satisfies the Tribunal that the complainant has made all reasonable efforts to have the complaint resolved by the insurer who entered into the contract of insurance to which the complaint relates.

SECTION 20   TRIBUNAL NOT TO DEAL WITH COMPLAINT IF SUBJECT MATTER OF COMPLAINT IS SUBJECT OF COURT PROCEEDINGS  

20(1)   [Prior court proceedings]  

The Tribunal cannot deal with a complaint if a proceeding has been begun in a court about the subject matter of the complaint and the proceeding has not been finally disposed of.

20(2)   [Court proceedings begun after complaint]  

If, after a complaint has been made to the Tribunal, a proceeding is begun in a court about the subject matter of the complaint, the Tribunal cannot deal with the complaint until the proceeding is finally disposed of.

SECTION 21   21   WITHDRAWAL OF COMPLAINT  
A complainant may withdraw a complaint at any time.

SECTION 22   POWER TO TREAT A COMPLAINT AS HAVING BEEN WITHDRAWN  

22(1)   [Complainant does not intend to proceed]  

If:


(a) a complainant makes a complaint; and


(b) the Tribunal is satisfied, either after having communicated with the complainant, or having made reasonable attempts to contact the complainant and having failed to do so, that the complainant does not intend to proceed with the complaint;

the Tribunal must deal with the complaint as if it had been withdrawn by the complainant under section 21.

22(2)   [Notice of decision to withdraw]  

If the Tribunal decides to treat a complaint as withdrawn under subsection (1), the Tribunal must give notice in writing to:


(a) if the Tribunal communicated with the complainant - the complainant; and


(b) the other party, or each of the other parties, to the complaint;

of that decision and the reasons for that decision.

22(3)   [Other reasons for withdrawal]  

The Tribunal may also decide to treat a complaint as if it had been withdrawn under section 21, in the following cases:


(a) if the complaint has been made to the Tribunal and relates to a decision or conduct (other than a decision of a trustee, RSA provider, insurer or other decision maker to pay a disability benefit because of total and permanent disability) - more than 12 months have elapsed since the decision complained of was made or the conduct complained of was undertaken; or


(b) if the complaint has been made to the Tribunal - the Tribunal thinks that the complaint is trivial, vexatious, misconceived or lacking in substance;


(c) if a remedy has been sought from some other body in relation to the subject matter of the complaint - the Tribunal thinks that the subject matter of the complaint has been, or is likely to be, dealt with by that body;


(d) if the subject matter of the complaint has already been dealt with by the Tribunal or by another statutory authority - the Tribunal thinks that the subject matter of the complaint has been adequately dealt with;


(e) if the Tribunal thinks that the subject matter of the complaint could be more effectively or conveniently dealt with by another statutory authority.

22(4)   [Notice of others' reasons for withdrawal]  

If the Tribunal decides to treat a complaint as withdrawn under subsection (3), the Tribunal must give notice in writing of that decision and of the reasons for that decision:


(a) to the complainant; and


(b) to the other party, or each of the other parties, to the complaint.

SECTION 22A   TRIBUNAL MAY REFER COMPLAINT OR PART COMPLAINT TO OTHER COMPLAINT-HANDLING BODY  

22A(1)   [Referral of complaint to another body]  

If, in relation to a complaint or a part of a complaint, the Tribunal is satisfied that another body (other than a court) having power to deal with the complaint or that part of the complaint is prescribed for the purpose of this subsection:


(a) subject to section 63, the Tribunal may refer the complaint or that part of the complaint to that body; and


(b) if it does so, must inform the parties to the complaint, in writing, accordingly.

Note:

Under section 63 the consent of the complainant will normally be required before a referral takes place.

22A(2)   [Complaint deemed withdrawn]  

If the Tribunal refers a complaint or a part of a complaint made to it to another body, the complaint to the Tribunal is treated, on being so referred, as having been withdrawn or as having been withdrawn to the extent that it is so referred.

SECTION 23   RIGHT TO REPRESENTATION IN RELATION TO A COMPLAINT  

23(1)   [Representation by responsible officer of body]  

If a party to a complaint is a body corporate or unincorporate, the party may be represented by a responsible officer of the body.

23(2)   [Representation by agent]  

If:


(a) a party to a complaint is not a body corporate or unincorporate; and


(b) the Tribunal is satisfied that the party cannot adequately act on his or her own behalf because he or she has a disability;

the party may be represented by an agent.

23(3)   [Party not entitled to representation]  

If a party to a complaint is not entitled to be represented under subsection (1) or (2), the party must, unless the Tribunal allows the party to be represented by an agent because the Tribunal considers it necessary in all the circumstances, act on his or her own behalf.

23(4)   [Disability]  

In this section:

disability
, in relation to a person, has the same meaning as in the Disability Discrimination Act 1992.

SECTION 24   GIVING MATERIAL DOCUMENTS TO THE TRIBUNAL  

24(1)   [Document to be given by trustee, insurer or RSA provider]  

Subject to subsection (4), if, in relation to a complaint under section 14, 14A, 15A, 15B, 15E, 15F, 15H or 15J, a trustee, insurer or RSA provider is notified under section 17 of the making of the complaint, the trustee, insurer or RSA provider must, within 28 days after receiving the notice or such longer period as the Tribunal allows, give to the Tribunal a copy of all documents or parts of documents:


(a) that are in the possession, or under the control, of the trustee, insurer or RSA provider; and


(b) that are considered by the trustee, insurer or RSA provider to be relevant to the complaint.

24(2)   [Provision within 28 days]  

Subject to subsection (4), if, in relation to a complaint under section 14, 14A, 15E, 15F, 15H, or 15J, a relevant person (as determined under subsection (3)) is notified under section 17A that the person has been joined as a party to the complaint under section 18, the person must, within 28 days after receiving notice of the joinder, or such longer period as the Tribunal allows, give to the Tribunal a copy of all documents or parts of documents:


(a) that are in the possession, or under the control, of the person; and


(b) that are considered by the person to be relevant to the complaint.

24(3)  


The following table sets out the persons who are relevant persons for the purposes of subsection (2) in relation to particular complaints:


Relevant persons for the purposes of subsection (2)
Item Section under which complaint is made Relevant persons
1 14 insurer or other decision-maker
2 14A insurer
3 15E insurer
4 15F insurer or other decision-maker
5 15H RSA provider
6 15J RSA provider or other decision-maker

24(4)   [Summary of documents may be allowed]  

The Tribunal may, on a request being made by the trustee, an insurer, the RSA provider or another decision-maker, allow the trustee, insurer, RSA provider or other decision-maker to give a summary of all documents or relevant parts of documents referred to in subsection (1), (2) or (3), as the case requires, within the period allowed by the Tribunal for the purpose.

24(5)   [Request to give summary of documents]  

A request under subsection (4) must be made within the period allowed for giving the Tribunal copies of documents or parts of documents under subsection (1), (2) or (3) or such longer period as the Tribunal allows under that subsection.

24(6)   [Documents to be given by person joined as party]  

If:


(a) in relation to a complaint under section 14, a person other than an insurer or other decision-maker is notified under subsection 17A(1); or


(b) in relation to a complaint under section 14A, a person other than an insurer is notified under subsection 17A(2); or


(c) in relation to a complaint under section 15A, 15B, 15E, 15F, 15H or 15J, a person is notified under subsection 17A(3);

that the person has been joined as a party to the complaint, the Tribunal may, by notice in writing given to the person before, or while, the complaint is being dealt with, require the person to give to the Tribunal, within a period specified in the notice or such longer period as the Tribunal allows, copies of such documents relevant to the complaint as the Tribunal specifies in the notice.

24(7)   [Penalty for non-compliance]  

The trustee, insurer, RSA provider, other decision-maker or any other person joined as a party to the complaint, must not intentionally or recklessly refuse or fail to comply with this section.

Penalty: Imprisonment for 6 months.

SECTION 24AA   COMPLAINT AGAINST SUPERANNUATION PROVIDER: GIVING MATERIAL DOCUMENTS TO THE TRIBUNAL  

24AA(1)   [Provision within 28 days]  

Subject to subsection (2), if a superannuation provider is notified under section 17 of the making of a complaint under section 15CA, the provider must, within 28 days after receiving the notice or any longer period that the Tribunal allows, give the Tribunal a copy of all documents or parts of documents:


(a) that are in the possession, or under the control, of the provider; and


(b) that are considered by the provider to be relevant to the complaint.

24AA(2)   [Summary of documents]  

The Tribunal may, on a request being made by a superannuation provider, allow the provider to give a summary of all documents or relevant parts of documents referred to in subsection (1) within a period allowed by the Tribunal for the purpose.

24AA(3)   [Request re provision of summaries]  

A request under subsection (2) must be made within the period allowed for giving the Tribunal copies of documents or parts of documents under subsection (1) or any longer period that the Tribunal allows under that subsection.

24AA(4)   [Parties joined to complaint]  

If a person is notified under subsection 17A(3A) that the person has been joined as a party to a complaint under section 15AC, the Tribunal may, by notice in writing given to the person before, or while, the complaint is being dealt with, require the person to give the Tribunal, within a period stated in the notice or any longer period that the Tribunal allows, copies of any documents relevant to the complaint that the Tribunal specifies in the notice.

24AA(5)   [Parties joined must comply]  

The superannuation provider, or any other person joined as a party to the complaint, must not refuse or fail to comply with this section.

Penalty: Imprisonment for 6 months.

SECTION 24A   OTHER PARTIES MAY JOIN A COMPLAINT  

24A(1)   [Notice by trustee]  

If:


(a) a complaint under section 14 has been made concerning a decision of the trustee; and


(b) the decision complained of concerns the payment of a death benefit;

then, within 28 days or such longer period as the Tribunal allows after the trustee receives notice of the complaint under subsection 17(1), the trustee must give written notice in accordance with subsection (3) to all persons (other than the complainant) whom the trustee believes, after reasonable inquiry, may have an interest in the outcome of the complaint.

24A(2)   [Notice by insurer]  

If:


(a) a complaint under section 15B has been made concerning a decision of an insurer; and


(b) the decision complained of concerns the payment of a death benefit;

the insurer must, within 28 days or such longer period as the Tribunal allows after the insurer receives a notice of the complaint under subsection 17(2), give written notice in accordance with subsection (3) to all persons (other than the complainant) whom the insurer believes, after reasonable inquiry, may have an interest in the outcome of the complaint.

24A(2A)   [Provider decision re death benefits]  

If:


(a) a complaint under section 15F has been made concerning a decision of an RSA provider; and


(b) the decision concerns the payment of a death benefit;

the RSA provider must, within 28 days, or such longer period as the Tribunal allows, after the RSA provider receives a notice of the complaint under subsection 17(3), give written notice in accordance with subsection (3) to all persons (other than the complainant) whom the RSA provider believes, after reasonable inquiry, may have an interest in the outcome of the complaint.

24A(2B)   [Insurer decision re death benefits]  

If:


(a) a complaint under section 15J has been made concerning a decision of an insurer; and


(b) the decision concerns the payment of a death benefit;

the insurer must, within 28 days, or such longer period as the Tribunal allows, after the insurer receives a notice of the complaint under subsection 17(4), give written notice in accordance with subsection (3) to all persons (other than the complainant) whom the insurer believes, after reasonable inquiry, may have an interest in the outcome of the complaint.

24A(3)   [Details in notice]  

A notice under subsection (1), (2), (2A) or (2B) must inform each of the persons to whom the notice relates:


(a) that a complaint has been received by the Tribunal; and


(b) of the details of the complaint; and


(c) that to become a party to the complaint, the person must, within 28 days of the giving of the notice, or within such further period as the Tribunal allows, apply to the Tribunal to be made a party to the complaint.

24A(4)   [Trustee, insurer or RSA provider to inform Tribunal of persons to whom notice given]  

If a trustee, insurer or RSA provider is required under subsection (1), (2), (2A) or (2B), as the case requires, to give a person notice relating to a complaint, the trustee, insurer or RSA provider must, at the same time as that notice is given, by notice in writing inform the Tribunal of:


(a) the names of the person to whom it has given the notice; and


(b) the period within which, unless the Tribunal allows a further period, an application by the person to be joined as a party to the complaint must be made; and


(c) either:


(i) if the trustee, insurer or RSA provider has the address and telephone number at which the person can be contacted - that address and telephone number; or

(ii) if the trustee, insurer or RSA provider does not have those details but has other details that would enable the Tribunal to contact the person - those other details.

24A(5)   [Effect of failure to apply to join as party]  

If:


(a) a person has been informed that to become a party to a complaint the person must apply to the Tribunal within a particular period; and


(b) the person does not so apply within that period;

the person may not, unless the Tribunal otherwise decides, be joined as a party to the original complaint.

24A(6)   [Joinder by other persons]  

A person, other than a person given a notice under this section, who considers that he or she is affected by:


(a) a decision that is the subject of a complaint under section 14, 14A, 15B, 15CA, 15F, or 15J; or


(b) conduct that is the subject of a complaint under section 15A, 15E or 15H;

may, at any time before, or during, the period while the complaint is being dealt with, make a request in writing, to the Tribunal, to be joined under section 18 as a party to the complaint.

24A(7)   [Intentional or reckless non-compliance]  

A person must not intentionally or recklessly fail to comply with subsection (1), (2), (2A) or (2B).

Penalty: 50 penalty units.

SECTION 25   POWER TO OBTAIN INFORMATION AND DOCUMENTS  

25(1)   [Production of original documents]  

The Tribunal may, by written notice signed by the Tribunal Chairperson and given to a person who has produced copies of documents or summaries of documents under section 24 or 24AA, require the person at such place, and within such period or on such date and at such time, as are stated in the notice to produce to the Tribunal the original documents from which the copies or summaries referred to in section 24 or 24AA were made.

25(2)   [Additional documents and information]  

If the Tribunal has reason to believe that the person whose decision or conduct, or whose representative's conduct, was complained of is capable of giving information or producing additional documents relevant to a complaint made under this Act, the Tribunal may, by written notice to the person signed by the Tribunal Chairperson, require the person at such place, and within such period or on such date and at such time, as are stated in the notice:


(a) to give the Tribunal, by writing signed by the person, or, if the person is a constitutional corporation, by an officer of the constitutional corporation, any such information; or


(b) to produce to the Tribunal such documents or copies of such documents as are stated in the notice.

25(3)   [Persons other than trustee]  

If the Tribunal has reason to believe that a person (other than the person whose decision or conduct, or whose representative's conduct, was complained of) is capable of giving information or producing documents relevant to a complaint made under this Act, the Tribunal may, by written notice to the person signed by the Tribunal Chairperson, require the person, at such place, and within such period or on such date and at such time, as are stated in the notice:


(a) to give to the Tribunal, by writing signed by the person or, in the case of a body corporate, by an officer of the body corporate, any such information; or


(b) to produce to the Tribunal such documents or copies of such documents as are stated in the notice.

25(4)   [Inspection of documents]  

If documents (whether originals or copies) are so produced the Tribunal:


(a) may take possession of, and may make copies of, or take extracts from, the documents; and


(b) may keep the documents for as long as is necessary for the purpose of dealing with the complaint; and


(c) while it is keeping the documents the Tribunal must permit a person who would be entitled to inspect any one or more of them if they were not in the possession of the Tribunal to inspect at all reasonable times such of the documents as that person would be so entitled to inspect.

25(5)   [Penalty for refusal to comply]  

A person must not refuse to comply with a requirement made by the Tribunal under subsection (1), (2) or (3).

Penalty: 30 penalty units.

25(6)   [Penalty for failing to comply]  

A person must not fail to comply with a requirement made by the Tribunal under subsection (1), (2) or (3).

Penalty: 30 penalty units.

25(7)   [Strict liability offence]  

Subsection (6) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:

For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

25(8)   [Reasonable excuse]  

Subsections (5) and (6) do not apply to the extent that the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:

A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (8), see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

SECTION 26   OPERATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A DECISION THAT IS SUBJECT TO A COMPLAINT  

26(1)   [Effect of s 14 complaint on decision]  

Subject to this section, making a complaint under section 14 to the Tribunal concerning a decision of a trustee does not affect the operation of the decision, or, if an insurer or other decision-maker is joined as a party to the complaint, of a decision of the insurer or other decision-maker, or prevent the taking of action to implement any such decision.

26(1A)   [Effect of s 15B complaint on decision]  

Subject to this section, making a complaint under section 15B to the Tribunal concerning a decision of an insurer under an annuity policy does not affect the operation of the decision of the insurer or prevent the taking of action to implement any such decision.

26(1AA)   [Commissioner of Taxation able to act]  

Subject to this section, making a complaint under section 15CA about a decision of a superannuation provider to set out an amount in a statement given to the Commissioner of Taxation does not prevent the Commissioner from taking any action on the basis of the amount set out in the statement.

26(1B)   [Decisions of RSA providers]  

Subject to this section, making a complaint under section 15F to the Tribunal concerning a decision of an RSA provider in relation to an RSA does not affect the operation of the decision of the RSA provider or, if an insurer or other decision-maker is joined as a party to the complaint, of a decision of the insurer or other decision-maker, or prevent the taking of action to implement any such decision.

26(1C)   [Decisions of insurers]  

Subject to this section, making a complaint under section 15J to the Tribunal concerning a decision of an insurer in relation to a contract of insurance entered in connection with an RSA does not affect the operation of the decision of the insurer or, if an RSA provider or other decision-maker is joined as a party to the complaint, of a decision of the RSA provider or other decision-maker, or prevent the taking of action to implement any such decision.

26(2)   [Order staying or affecting decision subject of s 14 complaint]  

The Tribunal may, on a request being made by a person making a complaint under section 14, if the Tribunal thinks that it is desirable to do so after taking into account the interest of any persons who may be affected by the request, make such order or orders staying or otherwise affecting the operation or implementation of the whole or part of the decision of the trustee concerned, or, if appropriate, of an insurer or other decision-maker whose decision is relevant to the subject matter of the complaint.

26(2A)   [Order staying or affecting decision of insurer]  

The Tribunal may, on a request being made by a person making a complaint under section 15B concerning a decision of an insurer under an annuity policy, if it thinks it is desirable to do so after taking into account the interests of any persons who may be affected by the request, make such order or orders staying or otherwise affecting the operation or implementation of the whole or part of a decision of the insurer.

26(2AA)   [Tribunal may order Commissioner not to act]  

The Tribunal may, on a request being made by a person making a complaint under section 15CA about a decision of a superannuation provider to set out an amount, in a statement given to the Commissioner of Taxation, as an amount of surchargeable contributions, if it thinks it is desirable to do so after taking into account the interests of any person who may be affected by the request, make an order preventing the Commissioner from taking any action on the basis of the amount set out in the statement.

26(2B)   [Stay of RSA provider decision]  

The Tribunal may, on a request being made by a person making a complaint under section 15F concerning a decision of an RSA provider in relation to an RSA, if it thinks it is desirable to do so after taking into account the interests of any persons who may be affected by the request, make an order or orders staying or otherwise affecting the operation or implementation of the whole or part of a decision of the RSA provider or, if appropriate, of an insurer or other decision-maker whose decision is relevant to the subject matter of the complaint.

26(2C)   [Stay of insurer decision]  

The Tribunal may, on a request being made by a person making a complaint under section 15J concerning a decision of an insurer in relation to a contract of insurance entered in connection with an RSA, if it thinks it is desirable to do so after taking into account the interests of any persons who may be affected by the request, make an order or orders staying or otherwise affecting the operation or implementation of the whole or part of a decision of the insurer, or if appropriate, of an RSA provider or other decision-maker whose decision is relevant to the subject matter of the complaint.

26(3)   [Variation or revocation of order]  

If an order is in force under subsection (2), (2A), (2AA), (2B) or (2C) (including an order that has previously been varied on one or more occasions under this subsection), the Tribunal may, on a request being made by a party to the complaint make an order varying or revoking the first-mentioned order.

26(4)   [Requirements for making order]  

The Tribunal must not:


(a) make an order under subsection (2), (2A), (2AA), (2B) or (2C) unless the relevant decision-maker has been given a reasonable opportunity to make a submission to the Tribunal in relation to the matter;or


(b) make an order varying or revoking an order in force under subsection (2), (2A), (2AA), (2B) or (2C) (including an order that has previously been varied on one or more occasions under subsection (3)) unless:


(i) the complainant; and

(ii) the decision-maker concerned; and

(iii) if the order under subsection (2), (2A), (2AA), (2B) or (2C) has previously been varied by an order or orders under subsection (3) - the person or persons who requested the making of the last-mentioned order or orders;
have been given a reasonable opportunity to make submissions to the Tribunal in relation to the matter.

26(5)   [Effect of order]  

An order that is in force under subsection (2), (2A), (2AA), (2B) or (2C) (including an order that has previously been varied on one or more occasions under subsection (3)):


(a) is subject to such conditions as are specified in the order; and


(b) has effect until:


(i) if a period for the operation of the order is specified in the order - the end of that period or, if the complaint is determined by the Tribunal before the end of that period, the determination of the Tribunal in relation to the complaint comes into operation; or

(ii) if no period is so specified - the determination of the Tribunal in relation to the complaint comes into operation.

PART 5 - CONCILIATION OF COMPLAINTS  

SECTION 27   27   INQUIRIES BY TRIBUNAL  
If:


(a) a complaint has been made to the Tribunal; and


(b) the complaint has not been withdrawn; and


(c) the Tribunal is satisfied that the Tribunal can deal with the complaint under this Act;

the Tribunal must inquire into the complaint and try to settle it by conciliation.

SECTION 28   TRIBUNAL MAY REQUIRE ATTENDANCE AT CONCILIATION CONFERENCES  

28(1)   [Purpose]  

The purpose of this section is to help the Tribunal to settle a complaint in accordance with section 27.

28(2)   [Notice in writing]  

The Tribunal may, if it thinks it desirable to do so after considering any documents given to it, by notice in writing given to:


(a) each party to the complaint; and


(b) any other person:


(i) who, in the Tribunal's opinion, is likely to be able to provide information relevant to the settlement of the complaint; or

(ii) whose presence at the conference would, in the Tribunal's opinion, be likely to be conducive to settling the complaint;

require the party or other person to attend a conciliation conference.

28(3)   [Notice particulars]  

The notice must also fix the date, time and place for the conference.

28(4)   [Non-attendance]  

If the complainant fails to attend the conference, the Tribunal may deal with the complaint as if it had been withdrawn by the complainant under section 21.

28(5)   [Offence]  

A person, other than the complainant, commits an offence if he or she does not attend a conference when required to do so under this section.

Penalty: 30 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months.

28(6)   [Interpreter]  

If a party attending a conference is not proficient in English, the Tribunal may recommend that communication with the party at the conference proceed through an interpreter.

28(7)   [Guidelines]  

The Tribunal is to formulate in writing, and make available to the public in any way that it thinks appropriate, guidelines indicating the kinds of circumstances in which it would ordinarily require persons to attend a conciliation conference.

SECTION 29   29   CONFERENCES MAY BE CONDUCTED BY TELEPHONE OR OTHER MEANS OF COMMUNICATION  
The Tribunal may determine that a conciliation conference is to be conducted by:


(a) telephone; or


(b) closed-circuit television; or


(c) any other means of communication.

SECTION 30   STATEMENTS AT CONFERENCE TO BE PRIVILEGED  

30(1)   [Review meeting]  

At a review meeting in relation to the complaint, unless the parties otherwise agree, evidence must not be given and statements must not be made about any word spoken or act done at a conciliation conference if the word or act related to a question to be determined by the Tribunal.

30(2)  


(Repealed by No 116 of 2003)

SECTION 31   TRIBUNAL TO IMPLEMENT SETTLEMENTS  

31(1)   [Complaint deemed withdrawn]  

If:


(a) a conciliation conference is held; and


(b) at or after the conference, the parties agree as to the terms of a settlement of the complaint that would be acceptable to the parties; and


(c) the terms of the agreement are put in writing signed by or for the parties and lodged with the Tribunal;

the Tribunal must treat the complaint as withdrawn under section 21.

31(2)   [Settlement details to Regulator]  

The Tribunal may give details of a settlement to the Regulator that it thinks may require investigation by the Regulator.

PART 6 - REVIEW OF DECISIONS OR CONDUCT COMPLAINED OF  

Division 1 - Preliminary procedures  

SECTION 32   ARRANGEMENTS FOR REVIEW MEETINGS  

32(1)   [Chairperson to fix review meeting]  

If the Tribunal has tried to settle a complaint by conciliation under Part 5 but has not been successful, the Tribunal must fix the date, time and place for a review meeting.

32(2)   [Written submissions]  

The Tribunal must write to the parties inviting written submissions by the date specified in the notice.

32(3)   [Date of meeting]  

The date specified for the meeting must be such as to allow a reasonable period for the parties to make written submissions.

Division 2 - How the Tribunal informs itself about the decision or conduct under review  

SECTION 33   33   SUBMISSIONS TO TRIBUNAL  
A party to the review meeting may make written submissions to the Tribunal for the purposes of the review meeting.

SECTION 34   TRIBUNAL MEETINGS  

34(1)   [Oral submissions not allowed]  

Subject to subsection (2), the Tribunal must conduct a review meeting without oral submissions from the parties.

34(2)   [Where oral submissions allowed]  

The Tribunal may, if it thinks necessary, make an order allowing the parties to make oral submissions to the Tribunal at the review meeting.

34(3)   [Time and place for oral submissions]  

If the Tribunal makes an order under subsection (2), the Tribunal must give the parties written notice of the date, time and place fixed for making the oral submissions.

34(4)   [Party does not intend to make oral submissions]  

If a party or the party's representative has advised the Tribunal that the party does not intend to make oral submissions in accordance with an order made under subsection (2), the Tribunal may conduct the review meeting without oral submissions from the party.

34(5)   [Non-attendance by party]  

If a party or the party's representative does not attend the review meeting at the time fixed for the meeting, the Tribunal may conduct the review meeting without oral submissions from the party or the party's representative.

34(6)   [Use of interpreter]  

If a party attending the review meeting is not proficient in English, the Tribunal may direct the use of an interpreter.

SECTION 35   35   TRIBUNAL MAY ALLOW TELEPHONE AND OTHER SUBMISSIONS  
The Tribunal may determine that oral submissions to the Tribunal by a party or the party's representative may be made by:


(a) telephone; or


(b) closed-circuit television; or


(c) any other means of communication.

Division 3 - The review meeting  

SECTION 36   36   MEETING PROCEDURE  
The Tribunal, in reviewing a decision or conduct:


(a) is not bound by technicalities, legal forms or rules of evidence; and


(b) is to act as speedily as proper consideration of the review allows, having regard to:


(i) the objectives laid down by section 11; and

(ii) if the complaint relates to a fund - the interests of all the members of the fund; and


(c) may inform itself of any matter relevant to the review in any way it thinks appropriate.

SECTION 37   TRIBUNAL POWERS - COMPLAINTS UNDER SECTION 14  

37(1)   [Tribunal's powers when reviewing decision of trustee]  

For the purpose of reviewing a decision of the trustee of a fund that is the subject of a complaint under section 14:


(a) the Tribunal has all the powers, obligations and discretions that are conferred on the trustee; and


(b) subject to subsection (6), must make a determination in accordance with subsection (3).

37(2)   [Tribunal's powers when reviewing decision of insurer or decision-maker]  

If an insurer or other decision-maker has been joined as a party to a complaint under section 14:


(a) the Tribunal must, when reviewing the trustee's decision, also review any decision of the insurer or other decision-maker that is relevant to the complaint; and


(b) for that purpose, has all the powers, obligations and discretions that are conferred on the insurer or other decision-maker; and


(c) subject to subsection (6), must make a determination in accordance with subsection (3).

37(3)   [Tribunal's determination]  

On reviewing the decision of a trustee, insurer or other decision-maker that is the subject of, or relevant to, a complaint under section 14, the Tribunal must make a determination in writing:


(a) affirming the decision; or


(b) remitting the matter to which the decision relates to the trustee, insurer or other decision-maker for reconsideration in accordance with the directions of the Tribunal; or


(c) varying the decision; or


(d) setting aside the decision and substituting a decision for the decision so set aside.

37(4)   [Extent of Tribunal's determination]  

The Tribunal may only exercise its determination-making power under subsection (3) for the purpose of placing the complainant as nearly as practicable in such a position that the unfairness, unreasonableness, or both, that the Tribunal has determined to exist in relation to the trustee's decision that is the subject of the complaint no longer exists.

37(5)   [Determination must not be contrary to law governing rules or contract]  

The Tribunal must not do anything under subsection (3) that would be contrary to law, to the governing rules of the fund concerned and, if a contract of insurance between an insurer and trustee is involved, to the terms of the contract.

37(6)   [Decision to be affirmed if fair and reasonable]  

The Tribunal must affirm a decision referred to under subsection (3) if it is satisfied that the decision, in its operation in relation to:


(a) the complainant; and


(b) so far as concerns a complaint regarding the payment of a death benefit - any person (other than the complainant, a trustee, insurer or decision-maker) who:


(i) has become a party to the complaint; and

(ii) has an interest in the death benefit or claims to be, or to be entitled to benefits through, a person having an interest in the death benefit;

was fair and reasonable in the circumstances.

SECTION 37A   TRIBUNAL POWERS - COMPLAINTS UNDER SECTION 14A  

37A(1)   [Tribunal's powers when reviewing decision of trustee]  

For the purpose of reviewing the decision of a trustee that is the subject of a complaint under section 14A:


(a) the Tribunal has all the powers, obligations and discretions that are conferred on the trustee; and


(b) subject to subsection (7), must make a determination in relation to the trustee's decision in accordance with subsection (2).

37A(2)   [Tribunal's determination]  

On reviewing the decision of the trustee that is the subject of a complaint under section 14A, the Tribunal must make a determination in writing:


(a) affirming the decision; or


(b) remitting the matter to which the decision relates to the trustee for reconsideration in accordance with the Tribunal's directions; or


(c) varying the decision; or


(d) setting aside the decision and substituting a decision for the decision so set aside.

37A(3)   [Tribunal's determination concerning life policy]  

If an insurer has been joined as a party to a complaint under section 14A, the determination of the Tribunal must also, so far as concerns the life policy covering the person to whom the complaint relates, either:


(a) do all or any of the following:


(i) set aside the whole or a part of the policy in its application to the complainant;

(ii) vary the terms of the policy in their application to the complainant;

(iii) require any party to the policy to repay all money or particular money received under the policy, together with interest worked out in the manner prescribed in the regulations; or


(b) declare that, in all the circumstances of the case, action of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) is not appropriate.

37A(4)   [Other remedies relating to determination concerning life policy]  

On reviewing a decision of the trustee that is the subject of a complaint under section 14A, the Tribunal may do all or any of the following:


(a) cancel the complainant's membership of the fund to which the complaint relates or of any sub-plan of the fund;


(b) vary the governing rules of the fund in their application to the complainant;


(c) require one or both of the complainant and the trustee to repay all or any money received in relation to the fund together with interest worked out in the manner prescribed in the regulations.

37A(5)   [Extent of determination]  

The Tribunal may only exercise its powers in subsections (2), (3) and (4) for the purpose of placing the complainant as nearly as practicable in such a position that the unfairness, unreasonableness, or both, that the Tribunal has determined to exist in relation to the trustee's decision that is the subject of the complaint under section 14A no longer exists.

37A(6)   [Determination must not be contrary to law or governing rules]  

The Tribunal must not do anything under subsection (2) that would be contrary to law or, subject to paragraph (4)(b), to the governing rules of the fund.

37A(7)   [Decision to be affirmed if fair and reasonable]  

The Tribunal must:


(a) affirm a decision mentioned in subsection (2); and


(b) if an insurer has been joined as a party to the complaint relating to the decision - make a declaration under paragraph (3)(b);

if it is satisfied that the decision, in its operation in relation to the complainant, was fair and reasonable in all the circumstances.

SECTION 37B   TRIBUNAL POWERS - COMPLAINTS UNDER SECTION 15A  

37B(1)   [Tribunal's powers when reviewing conduct of insurer]  

For the purpose of reviewing the conduct of an insurer, or of a representative of an insurer, that is the subject of a complaint under section 15A concerning the sale of an annuity policy:


(a) the Tribunal has all the powers, obligations and discretions that are conferred on the insurer; and


(b) subject to subsection (4), must make a determination in accordance with subsection (2).

37B(2)   [Tribunal's determination]  

On reviewing the conduct of an insurer, or of a representative of an insurer that is the subject of a complaint under section 15A, the Tribunal must make a determination in writing, so far as concerns the annuity policy to which the complaint relates, either:


(a) doing all or any of the following:


(i) setting aside the whole or a part of the policy in its application to the complainant;

(ii) varying the terms of the policy in their application to the complainant;

(iii) requiring any party to the policy to repay all money or particular money received under the policy together with interest worked out in a manner prescribed in the regulations; or


(b) declaring that, in all the circumstances of the case, action of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) is not appropriate.

37B(3)   [Extent of determination]  

The Tribunal may only exercise its determination-making power under subsection (2) for the purpose of placing the complainant as nearly as practicable in such a position that the unfairness, unreasonableness, or both, that the Tribunal has determined to exist in relation to the conduct of the insurer, or of a representative of the insurer that is the subject of the complaint no longer exists.

37B(4)   [No determination if insurer's conduct fair and reasonable]  

The Tribunal must not make a determination under subsection (2) to take action of a kind referred to in paragraph (2)(a) inrespect of a complaint under section 15A concerning the conduct of an insurer or of a representative of an insurer, if the Tribunal is of the view that the conduct of the insurer, or of the insurer's representative, was fair and reasonable in all the circumstances.

SECTION 37C   TRIBUNAL POWERS - COMPLAINTS UNDER SECTION 15B  

37C(1)   [Tribunal's powers when reviewing decision of insurer]  

For the purpose of reviewing the decision of an insurer under an annuity policy where that decision is the subject of a complaint under section 15B:


(a) the Tribunal has all of the powers, obligations and discretions that are conferred on the insurer; and


(b) subject to subsection (5), must make a determination in accordance with subsection (2).

37C(2)   [Tribunal's determination]  

On reviewing a decision of an insurer under an annuity policy that is subject to a complaint under section 15B, the Tribunal must make a determination in writing:


(a) affirming the decision; or


(b) remitting the matter to which the decision relates to the insurer for reconsideration in accordance with the directions of the Tribunal; or


(c) varying the decision; or


(d) setting aside the decision and substituting a decision for the decision so set aside.

37C(3)   [Extent of determination]  

The Tribunal may only exercise its determination-making power under subsection (2) for the purpose of placing the complainant as nearly as practicable in such a position that the unfairness, unreasonableness, or both, that the Tribunal has determined to exist in relation to the conduct of the insurer, or of a representative of the insurer, that is the subject of the complaint no longer exists.

37C(4)   [Determination must not be contrary to law or provisions of policy]  

The Tribunal must not do anything under subsection (2) that would be contrary to law or to the provisions of the annuity policy.

37C(5)   [Decisions to be affirmed if fair and reasonable]  

The Tribunal must affirm a decision referred to in subsection (2) if it is satisfied that the decision, in its operation in relation to:


(a) the complainant; and


(b) so far as concerns a complaint regarding the payment of a death benefit - any person (other than the complainant, insurer or a trustee) who:


(i) has become a party to the complaint; and

(ii) has an interest in the death benefit or claims to be, or to be entitled to benefits through, a person having an interest in the death benefit;

was fair and reasonable in all the circumstances.

SECTION 37CA   TRIBUNAL POWERS: COMPLAINT UNDER SECTION 15CA  

37CA(1)   [Complaints re statements made to Commissioner of Taxation]  

For the purpose of reviewing a decision of a superannuation provider that is the subject of a complaint under section 15CA:


(a) the Tribunal has all the powers, obligations and discretions that are conferred on the superannuation provider; and


(b) subject to subsection (4), must make a determination in accordance with subsection (2).

37CA(2)   [Content of written determination]  

On reviewing the decision, the Tribunal must make a determination in writing:


(a) affirming the decision; or


(b) remitting the matter to which the decision relates to the superannuation provider for reconsideration in accordance with the Tribunal's directions; or


(c) varying the decision; or


(d) setting aside the decision and substituting a decision for the decision so set aside.

37CA(3)   [Restitution]  

The Tribunal may only exercise its determination-making power under subsection (2) for the purpose of placing the complainant as nearly as practicable in such a position that the unfairness, unreasonableness, or both, that the Tribunal has determined to exist in relation to the superannuation provider's decision to which the complaint relates no longer exists.

37CA(4)   [Tribunal bound by law]  

The Tribunal must not do anything under subsection (2) that would be contrary to law.

37CA(5)   [Affirmation of fair and reasonable decision]  

The Tribunal must affirm a decision referred to in subsection (2) if it is satisfied that the decision, in its operation in relation to the complainant, was fair and reasonable in all the circumstances.

SECTION 37D   TRIBUNAL POWERS - COMPLAINTS UNDER SECTION 15E  

37D(1)   [Reviews of RSA provider conduct]  

For the purpose of reviewing the conduct of an RSA provider, or of a representative of an RSA provider, that is the subject of a complaint under section 15E concerning the opening of an RSA:


(a) the Tribunal has all the powers, obligations and discretions that are conferred on the RSA provider; and


(b) subject to subsection (4), must make a determination in accordance with subsection (3).

37D(2)   [Where insurer joined]  

If an insurer has been joined as a party to a complaint under section 15E:


(a) the Tribunal must, when reviewing the RSA provider's conduct, also review any conduct of the insurer that is relevant to the complaint; and


(b) for that purpose, has all the powers, obligations and discretions that are conferred on the insurer; and


(c) must make a determination in accordance with subsection (5).

37D(3)   [Contents of written determination]  

On reviewing the conduct of an RSA provider, or a representative of an RSA provider, that is the subject of a complaint under section 15E, the Tribunal must make a determination in writing, so far as concerns the RSA to which the complaint relates, either:


(a) doing all or any of the following:


(i) setting aside the whole or a part of the terms and conditions of the RSA in their application to the complainant;

(ii) varying the terms and conditions of the RSA in their application to the complainant;

(iii) requiring any party to the RSA to repay all money or particular money received under the RSA;

(iv) requiring any party to the RSA to pay any additional interest, worked out in a manner prescribed in the regulations; or


(b) declaring that, in all the circumstances of the case, action of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) is not appropriate.

37D(4)   [Fair and reasonable conduct]  

The Tribunal must not make a determination under subsection (3) to take action of a kind referred to in paragraph (3)(a) in respect of a complaint under section 15E concerning the conduct of an RSA provider, or of a representative of an RSA provider, if the Tribunal is of the view that the conduct of the RSA provider, or of the representative, was fair and reasonable in all the circumstances.

37D(5)   [Determination re contract of insurance]  

On reviewing the conduct of an insurer, or a representative of an insurer, that has been joined as a party to a complaint under section 15E, the Tribunal must make a determination in writing, so far as concerns the contract of insurance to which the complaint relates, either:


(a) doing all or any of the following:


(i) setting aside the whole or a part of the terms and conditions of the contract of insurance in their application to the complainant;

(ii) varying the terms and conditions of the contract of insurance in their application to the complainant;

(iii) requiring any party to the contract of insurance to repay all money or particular money received under the contract;

(iv) requiring any party to the contract of insurance to pay any additional interest, worked out in a manner prescribed in the regulations; or


(b) declaring that, in all the circumstances of the case, action of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) is not appropriate.

37D(6)   [Restitution]  

The Tribunal may only exercise its determination-making power under paragraph (3)(a) or (5)(a) for the purpose of placing the complainant as nearly as practicable in such a position that the unfairness, unreasonableness or both, that the Tribunal has determined to exist in relation to the conduct that is the subject of the complaint, no longer exists.

SECTION 37E   TRIBUNAL POWERS - COMPLAINTS UNDER SECTION 15F  

37E(1)   [Complaints re RSA provider decision]  

For the purpose of reviewing the decision of an RSA provider in relation to an RSA where that decision is the subject of a complaint under section 15F:


(a) the Tribunal has all of the powers, obligations and discretions that are conferred on the RSA provider; and


(b) subject to subsection (6), must make a determination in accordance with subsection (3).

37E(2)   [Where insurer joined]  

If an insurer or other person has been joined as a party to a complaint under section 15F:


(a) the Tribunal must, when reviewing the RSA provider's decision, also review any decision of the insurer or other person that is relevant to the complaint; and


(b) for that purpose, has all the powers, obligations and discretions that are conferred on the insurer or other person; and


(c) subject to subsection (6), must make a determination in accordance with subsection (3).

37E(3)   [Contents of written determination]  

On reviewing a decision of an RSA provider, insurer or other person that is the subject of, or relevant to, a complaint under section 15F, the Tribunal must make a determination in writing:


(a) affirming the decision; or


(b) remitting the matter to which the decision relates to the RSA provider, insurer or other person for reconsideration in accordance with the directions of the Tribunal; or


(c) varying the decision; or


(d) setting aside the decision and substituting a decision for the decision so set aside.

37E(4)   [Restitution]  

The Tribunal may only exercise its determination-making power under subsection (3) for the purpose of placing the complainant as nearly as practicable in such a position that the unfairness, unreasonableness or both, that the Tribunal has determined to exist in relation to the RSA provider's decision that is the subject of the complaint, no longer exists.

37E(5)   [Tribunal bound by law and contract]  

The Tribunal must not do anything under subsection (3) that would be contrary to law or to the terms and conditions of the RSA or the contract of insurance.

37E(6)   [Fair and reasonable decisions]  

The Tribunal must affirm a decision referred to in subsection (3) if it satisfied that the decision, in its operation in relation to:


(a) the complainant; and


(b) so far as concerns a complaint regarding a payment of a death benefit - any person (other than the complainant or RSA provider) who:


(i) has become party to the complaint; and

(ii) has an interest in the death benefit or claims to be entitled to benefits through a person having an interest in the death benefit;

was fair and reasonable in all the circumstances.

SECTION 37F   TRIBUNAL POWERS - COMPLAINTS UNDER SECTION 15H  

37F(1)   [Complaints re conduct of insurers]  

For the purpose of reviewing the conduct of an insurer, or of a representative of an insurer, that is the subject of a complaint under section 15H concerning the entry into a contract of insurance in connection with an RSA:


(a) the Tribunal has all the powers, obligations and discretions that are conferred on the insurer; and


(b) subject to subsection (4), must make a determination in accordance with subsection (3).

37F(2)   [Where RSA provider joined]  

If an RSA provider has been joined as a party to a complaint under section 15H:


(a) the Tribunal must, when reviewing the insurer's conduct, also review any conduct of the RSA provider that is relevant to the complaint; and


(b) for that purpose, has all the powers, obligations and discretions that are conferred on the RSA provider; and


(c) must make a determination in accordance with subsection (5).

37F(3)   [Contents of written determination]  

On reviewing the conduct of an insurer, or a representative of an insurer, that is the subject of a complaint under section 15H, the Tribunal must make a determination in writing, so far as concerns the contract of insurance to which the complaint relates, either:


(a) doing all or any of the following:


(i) setting aside the whole or a part of the terms and conditions of the contract of insurance in their application to the complainant;

(ii) varying the terms and conditions of the contract of insurance in their application to the complainant;

(iii) requiring any party to the contract of insurance to repay all money or particular money received under the contract;

(iv) requiring any party to the contract of insurance to pay any additional interest, worked out in a manner prescribed in the regulations; or


(b) declaring that, in all the circumstances of the case, action of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) is not appropriate.

37F(4)   [Fair and reasonable conduct]  

The Tribunal must not make a determination under subsection (3) to take action of a kind referred to in paragraph (3)(a) in respect of a complaint under section 15H concerning the conduct of an insurer, or of a representative of an insurer, if the Tribunal is of the view that the conduct of the insurer, or of the representative, was fair and reasonable in all the circumstances.

37F(5)   [Written determination re RSA provider]  

On reviewing the conduct of an RSA provider, or a representative of an RSA provider, that is joined as a party to a complaint under section 15H, the Tribunal must make a determination in writing, so far as concerns the RSA to which the complaint relates, either:


(a) doing all or any of the following:


(i) setting aside the whole or a part of the terms and conditions of the RSA in their application to the complainant;

(ii) varying the terms and conditions of the RSA in their application to the complainant;

(iii) requiring any party to the RSA to repay all money or particular money received under the RSA;

(iv) requiring any party to the RSA to pay any additional interest, worked out in a manner prescribed in the regulations; or


(b) declaring that, in all the circumstances of the case, action of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) is not appropriate.

37F(6)   [Limit of Tribunal powers]  

The Tribunal may only exercise its determination-making power under paragraph (3)(a) or (5)(a) for the purpose of placing the complainant as nearly as practicable in such a position that the unfairness, unreasonableness or both, that the Tribunal has determined to exist in relation to the conduct that is the subject of the complaint, no longer exists.

SECTION 37G   TRIBUNAL POWERS - COMPLAINTS UNDER SECTION 15J  

37G(1)   [Complaints about insurer decisions]  

For the purpose of reviewing the decision of an insurer in relation to a contract of insurance entered in connection with an RSA where that decision is the subject of a complaint under section 15J:


(a) the Tribunal has all of the powers, obligations and discretions that are conferred on the insurer; and


(b) subject to subsection (6), must make a determination in accordance with subsection (3).

37G(2)   [Where RSA provider joined]  

If an RSA provider or another person has been joined as a party to a complaint under section 15J:


(a) the Tribunal must, when reviewing the insurer's decision, also review any decision of the RSA provider or other person that is relevant to the complaint; and


(b) for that purpose, has all the powers, obligations and discretions that are conferred on the RSA provider or other person; and


(c) subject to subsection (6), must make a determination in accordance with subsection (3).

37G(3)   [Determination to be made]  

On reviewing a decision of an insurer, RSA provider or other person that is the subject of, or relevant to, a complaint under section 15J, the Tribunal must make a determination in writing:


(a) affirming the decision; or


(b) remitting the matter to which the decision relates to the insurer, RSA provider or other person for reconsideration in accordance with the directions of the Tribunal; or


(c) varying the decision; or


(d) setting aside the decision and substituting a decision for the decision so set aside.

37G(4)   [Restitution]  

The Tribunal may only exercise its determination-making power under subsection (3) for the purpose of placing the complainant as nearly as practicable in such a position that the unfairness, unreasonableness or both, that the Tribunal has determined to exist in relation to the insurer's decision that is the subject of the complaint, no longer exists.

37G(5)   [Tribunal bound by law and contract]  

The Tribunal must not do anything under subsection (3) that would be contrary to law or to the terms and conditions of the contract of insurance or the RSA.

37G(6)   [Fair and reasonable decision]  

The Tribunal must affirm a decision referred to in subsection (3) if it is satisfied that the decision, in its operation in relation to:


(a) the complainant; and


(b) so far as concerns a complaint regarding a payment of a death benefit - any person (other than the complainant or insurer) who:


(i) has become party to the complaint; and

(ii) has an interest in the death benefit or claims to be entitled to benefits through a person having an interest in the death benefit;

was fair and reasonable in all the circumstances.

SECTION 38   MEETING TO BE PRIVATE  

38(1)   [Conduct of meeting]  

A review meeting of the Tribunal is to be in private.

38(2)   [Persons present]  

The Tribunal may give directions as to the persons who may be present at any review meeting.

38(3)   [Directions against disclosure]  

The Tribunal may give directions prohibiting or restricting the disclosure of documents or information relating to a review meeting.

38(4)   [Privacy considerations]  

In giving directions, the Tribunal must have regard to the wishes of the parties in relation to the complaint and the need to protect their privacy.

38(5)   [Directions]  

Directions may be made in writing or orally.

38(6)   [Non-compliance with directions]  

A person must not refuse or fail to comply with a direction of the Tribunal.

Penalty: 30 penalty units.

SECTION 39   REFERENCE OF QUESTIONS OF LAW TO FEDERAL COURT  

39(1)   [Reference by Tribunal or on party's request]  

The Tribunal may, on its own initiative or on the request of a party, refer a question of law arising in relation to a complaint to the Federal Court for decision.

39(2)   [Jurisdiction]  

The Federal Court has jurisdiction to hear and determine a question of law referred to it under this section.

39(3)   [Tribunal's actions]  

If a question of law in relation to a complaint has been so referred to the Federal Court, the Tribunal must not:


(a) make a determination to which the question is relevant while the reference is pending; or


(b) do anything that is inconsistent with the opinion of the Federal Court on the question.

SECTION 40   40   TRIBUNAL TO GIVE REASONS  
The Tribunal must give written reasons for its determination.

SECTION 41   OPERATION OF DETERMINATION  

41(1)   [Operation on making of determination]  

Subject to subsection (2), a determination of the Tribunal comes into operation immediately upon the making of the determination.

41(2)   [Operation on specified date]  

The Tribunal may specify in a determination that the determination is not to come into operation until a later date specified in the determination and, if a later date is so specified, the determination comes into operation on that date.

41(3)   [Deemed decision of trustee, insurer, RSA provider or decision-maker]  

A decision of a trustee, insurer, RSA provider or other decision-maker as varied by the Tribunal, or a decision made by the Tribunal in substitution for a decision of a trustee, insurer, RSA provider or other decision-maker:


(a) is, for all purposes (other than the making of a complaint about the decision) taken to be a decision of a trustee, insurer, RSA provider or other decision-maker concerned; and


(b) on the coming into operation of the determination by the Tribunal, unless the Tribunal otherwise orders, has effect, and is taken to have had effect, on and from the day on which the original decision has or had effect.

Division 4 - Other procedural matters  

SECTION 42   42   ADJOURNMENT OF REVIEW MEETINGS  
The Tribunal may adjourn a review meeting from time to time.

SECTION 43   43   EVIDENCE OF DETERMINATION  
Without prejudice to any other method available by law for the proof of determinations of the Tribunal, a document purporting to be a copy of such a determination, and purporting to be certified by the Tribunal Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson to be a true copy of the determination, is, in any proceeding, prima facie evidence of the determination.

Division 5 - Notification of determination and appeal rights  

SECTION 44   NOTIFICATION OF DETERMINATION  

44(1)   [Copy of determination to each party]  

If the Tribunal determines a review, the Tribunal must cause a copy of its determination and of the reasons for the determination, to be given to each party to the complaint.

44(2)   [Trustee's notice]  

If the determination was made as a result of a section 14 complaint, the Tribunal may direct the trustee to inform:


(a) if the Tribunal's determination was in relation to a particular member or a particular former member of a superannuation fund - all or any of the other members or all or any of the former members of the superannuation fund; or


(b) if the Tribunal's determination was in relation to a particular beneficiary or a particular former beneficiary of an approved deposit fund - all or any of the other beneficiaries or all or any of the former beneficiaries of the approved deposit fund;

of the Tribunal's determination.

44(2A)   [Complaints re decisions or conduct of RSA provider]  

If the determination was made as a result of a section 15E or 15F complaint, the Tribunal may direct the RSA provider to inform, if the Tribunal's determination was in relation to a particular holder of an RSA - all or any of the other holders of RSAs provided by the RSA provider of the Tribunal's determination.

44(2B)   [Complaints re insurer conduct or decision]  

If the determination was made as a result of a section 15H or 15J complaint, the Tribunal may direct the insurer to inform, if the Tribunal's determination was in relation to a particular holder of an RSA - all or any of the other parties to contracts of insurance entered into with the insurer in connection with the provision of RSAs of the Tribunal's determination.

44(3)   [Non-compliance with directions]  

A trustee, RSA provider or insurer must not intentionally or recklessly refuse or fail to comply with a direction of the Tribunal.

Penalty: 30 penalty units.

SECTION 45   45   NOTIFICATION OF APPEAL RIGHTS  
If the Tribunal determines a review, the Tribunal must give each party a written notice that includes a statement to the effect that, if the party is dissatisfied with the decision of the Tribunal on a question of law, the party may appeal to the Federal Court under section 46.

PART 7 - APPEALS  

SECTION 46   APPEALS TO FEDERAL COURT OF AUSTRALIA FROM DETERMINATIONS OF THE TRIBUNAL  

46(1)   [Appeal on question of law]  

A party may appeal to the Federal Court, on a question of law, from the determination of the Tribunal.

46(2)   [Period for appeal]  

An appeal by a person under subsection (1) is to be instituted:


(a) not later than the 28th day after the day on which acopy of the determination of the Tribunal is given to the person or within such further period as the Federal Court (whether before or after the end of that day) allows; and


(b) in accordance with rules of court made under the Federal Court of Australia Act 1976.

46(3)   [Hearing and determination]  

The Federal Court is to hear and determine the appeal and may make such order as it thinks appropriate.

46(4)   [Court orders]  

Without limiting by implication the generality of subsection (3), the orders that may be made by the Federal Court on an appeal include an order affirming or setting aside the determination of the Tribunal and an order remitting the matter to be determined again by the Tribunal in accordance with the directions of the Court.

46(5)   [Award of costs]  

The Federal Court must not make an order awarding costs against a complainant if the complainant does not defend an appeal instituted by another party to the complaint.

SECTION 47   OPERATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A DETERMINATION THAT IS SUBJECT TO APPEAL  

47(1)   [Effect of appeal on determination]  

Subject to this section, the institution of an appeal to the Federal Court from a determination of the Tribunal does not affect the operation of the determination or prevent the taking of action to implement the determination.

47(2)   [Order staying or affecting determination of s 14 complaint]  

If:


(a) an appeal is brought to the Federal Court from a determination of the Tribunal; and


(b) the Tribunal's determination was made as a result of a complaint under section 14;

the Court or a Judge of the Court may make such order or orders staying or otherwise affecting the operation or implementation of either or both of the following:


(c) the determination of the Tribunal or a part of that determination;


(d) the whole or part of the trustee's decision that is complained of or of a decision of an insurer or other decision-maker who is a party to the complaint;

as the Court thinks appropriate to secure the effectiveness of the hearing and determination of the appeal.

47(2A)   [Order staying or affecting determination of s 14A or 15A complaint]  

If:


(a) an appeal is brought to the Federal Court from a determination of the Tribunal; and


(b) the Tribunal's determination was made as a result of a complaint under section 14A, 15A, 15E or 15H;

the Court or a Judge of the Court may make such order or orders staying or otherwise affecting the operation or implementation of the determination as the Court or Judge thinks appropriate to secure the effectiveness of the hearing and determination of the appeal.

47(2B)   [Order staying or affecting determination of s 15B complaint]  

If:


(a) an appeal is brought to the Federal Court from a determination of the Tribunal; and


(b) the Tribunal's determination was made as a result of a complaint under section 15B, 15F or 15J;

the Court or a Judge of the Court may make such order or orders staying or otherwise affecting the operation or implementation of either or both of the following:


(c) the determination of the Tribunal or a part of that determination;


(d) the whole or part of the insurer's or RSA provider's decision that is complained of;

as the Court thinks appropriate to secure the effectiveness of the hearing and determination of the appeal.

47(2C)   [Commissioner of Taxation may be bound]  

If:


(a) an appeal is brought to the Federal Court from a determination of the Tribunal; and


(b) the Tribunal's determination was made as a result of a complaint under section 15CA;

the Court or a Judge of the Court may make such order or orders preventing the Commissioner of Taxation from taking any action on the basis of an amount:


(c) set out in the statement referred to in that section as affected by the Tribunal's determination; or


(d) set out in the statement referred to in that section under the decision that is complained of;

as the Court thinks appropriate to secure the effectiveness of the hearing and determination of the appeal.

47(3)   [Variation or revocation of order]  

If an order is in force under subsection (2), (2A), (2B) or (2C) (including an order that has previously been varied on one or more occasions under this subsection), the Court or a Judge of the Court may make an order varying or revoking the first-mentioned order.

47(4)   [Effect of order]  

An order in force under subsection (2), (2A), (2B) or (2C) (including an order that has previously been varied on one or more occasions under subsection (3)):


(a) is subject to such conditions as are specified in the order; and


(b) has effect until:


(i) if a period for the operation of the order is specified in the order - the end of that period or, if a decision is given on the appeal before the end of that period, the giving of the decision; or

(ii) if no period is so specified - the giving of a decision on the appeal.

SECTION 48   48   SENDING OF DOCUMENTS TO, AND DISCLOSURE OF DOCUMENTS BY, THE FEDERAL COURT  
If an appeal is instituted in the Federal Court:


(a) the Tribunal must send to the Court all documents that were before the Tribunal in connection with the consideration of the matter to which the appeal relates; and


(b) at the conclusion of the proceeding before the Court in relation to the appeal, the Court must return the documents to the Tribunal.

PART 7A - ARBITRATION  

SECTION 48A   48A   COMPLAINTS TO WHICH PART APPLIES  
(Repealed by No 116 of 2003)

SECTION 48B   48B   NOTICE TO PARTIES TO A COMPLAINT  
(Repealed by No 116 of 2003)

SECTION 48C   48C   HOW ARBITRATION IS TO BE CONDUCTED  
(Repealed by No 116 of 2003)

SECTION 48D   48D   EVIDENCE OF AWARD MADE IN AN ARBITRATION  
(Repealed by No 116 of 2003)

SECTION 48E   48E   NOTIFICATION OF POSSIBLE APPEAL RIGHTS  
(Repealed by No 116 of 2003)

SECTION 48F   48F   SUNSET CLAUSE  
(Repealed by No 116 of 2003)

PART 8 - ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS  

Division 1 - Administrative provisions relating to Tribunal Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson  

SECTION 49   TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF APPOINTMENT  

49(1)   [Term of office]  

The Tribunal Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson hold office, subject to this Division, for such periods, not exceeding 5 years, as are specified in their respective instruments of appointment.

49(2)   [Conditions of appointment]  

The Tribunal Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson hold office on such terms and conditions (if any) in respect of matters not provided for by this Division as are determined by the Governor-General.

SECTION 50   REMUNERATION AND ALLOWANCES  

50(1)   [Determination by Remuneration Tribunal]  

Subject to the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973, the Tribunal Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson are respectively to be paid:


(a) such remuneration as is determined by the Remuneration Tribunal; and


(b) such allowances as are prescribed.

50(2)   [Prescribed remuneration]  

If there is no determination in force, the Tribunal Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson are respectively to be paid such remuneration as is prescribed.

SECTION 51   LEAVE OF ABSENCE  

51(1)   [Recreation leave]  

The Tribunal Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson have respectively such recreation leave entitlements as are determined by the Remuneration Tribunal.

51(2)   [Other leave entitlements]  

The Minister may grant the Tribunal Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson leave of absence, other than recreation leave, on such terms and conditions as to remuneration or otherwise as the Minister determines.

SECTION 52   52   RESIGNATION  
The Tribunal Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson may resign from office by delivering to the Governor-General a signed notice of resignation.

SECTION 53   TERMINATION OF APPOINTMENT  

53(1)   [Misbehaviour or incapacity]  

The Governor-General may terminate the appointment of the Tribunal Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson for misbehaviour or physical or mental incapacity.

53(2)   [Bankruptcy, absence, outside employment, non-disclosure]  

The Governor-General must terminate the appointment of the Tribunal Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson if that person:


(a) becomes bankrupt, applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors, compounds with creditors or makes an assignment of remuneration for their benefit; or


(b) is absent from duty, except on leave of absence, for 14 consecutive days or for 28 days in any 12 months; or


(c) becomes:


(i) a director or employee of a constitutional corporation of akind referred to in paragraph 8(2)(b); or

(ii) a trustee of a fund; or

(iii) a director or employee of an RSA provider; or

(iv) a director or employee of an insurer; or


(d) engages in paid employment outside the duties of the office without the approval of the Minister; or


(e) contravenes subsection 10(1) without reasonable excuse.

SECTION 54   ACTING TRIBUNAL CHAIRPERSON OR DEPUTY CHAIRPERSON  

54(1)   [Vacancy or absence of Chairperson]  

The Minister may appoint a person who is eligible to be appointed as Tribunal Chairperson to act as Tribunal Chairperson:


(a) during a vacancy in the office of Tribunal Chairperson (whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office); or


(b) during any period, or during all periods, when the Tribunal Chairperson is absent from duty or from Australia or is, for any other reason, unable to perform the duties of the office of Tribunal Chairperson.

Note:

For rules that apply to acting appointments, see section 33A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

54(1A)   [Vacancy or absence of Deputy Chairperson]  

The Minister may appoint a person who is eligible to be appointed as Tribunal Deputy Chairperson to act as Tribunal Deputy Chairperson:


(a) during a vacancy in the office of Tribunal Deputy Chairperson (whether or not an appointment has previously been made to the office); or


(b) during any period or during all periods when the Tribunal Deputy Chairperson is absent from duty or from Australia or is, for any other reason, unable to perform the duties of the office of Tribunal Deputy Chairperson.

Note:

For rules that apply to acting appointments, see section 33A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

54(2)   [Disclosure of interest by Chairperson]  

The Minister may appoint a person who is eligible to be appointed as Tribunal Chairperson to act as Tribunal Chairperson in relation to a particular complaint where the Tribunal Chairperson has given a notice under subsection 10(1).

Note:

For rules that apply to acting appointments, see section 33A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

54(2A)   [Disclosure of interest by Deputy Chairperson]  

The Minister may appoint a person who is eligible to be appointed as Tribunal Deputy Chairperson to act as Tribunal Deputy Chairperson in relation to a particular complaint if the Tribunal Deputy Chairperson has given a notice under subsection 10(1).

Note:

For rules that apply to acting appointments, see section 33A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

54(3)  
(Repealed by No 46 of 2011)

Division 2 - Administrative provisions relating to other Tribunal members  

SECTION 55   TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF APPOINTMENT  

55(1)   [Term of office]  

A Tribunal member, other than the Tribunal Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson, holds office, subject to this Division, for such period, not exceeding 5 years, as is specified in the instrument of appointment.

55(2)   [Conditions of appointment]  

A Tribunal member, other than the Tribunal Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson, holds office on such terms and conditions (if any) in respect of matters not provided for by this Division as are determined by the Minister.

SECTION 56   REMUNERATION AND ALLOWANCES  

56(1)   [Determination by Remuneration Tribunal]  

Each Tribunal member, other than the Tribunal Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson, who together with either or both of those persons, constitutes the Tribunal in relation to a complaint, is to be paid, in respect of performing functions in respect of that complaint, such fees and allowances as are determined by the Remuneration Tribunal.

56(2)   [Prescribed fees and allowances]  

If no determination is in force, the Tribunal members are to be paid such fees and allowances as are prescribed.

56(3)   [Remuneration Tribunal Act]  

This section has effect subject to the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973.

SECTION 57   57   RESIGNATION  
A Tribunal member, other than the Tribunal Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson, may resign from office by delivering to the Minister a signed notice of resignation.

SECTION 58   TERMINATION OF APPOINTMENT  

58(1)   [Misbehaviour or incapacity]  

The Minister may terminate the appointment of a Tribunal member, other than the Tribunal Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson, for misbehaviour or physical or mental incapacity.

58(2)   [Bankruptcy]  

The Minister must terminate the appointment of a Tribunal member, other than the Tribunal Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson, if the member:


(a) becomes bankrupt, applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors, compounds with creditors or makes an assignment of remuneration for their benefit; or


(b) contravenes subsection 10(3) without reasonable excuse.

PART 9 - MISCELLANEOUS  

SECTION 59   CERTAIN POWERS OF THE TRIBUNAL TO BE EXERCISED BY TRIBUNAL CHAIRPERSON OR STAFF MEMBER  

59(1)  


Despite subsection 9(1), the powers of the Tribunal under paragraphs 12(1)(a) and 18(1)(c), (d) or (e), (2)(c) or (d) and (3)(c), (3A)(c), (3A)(d), (3A)(e), (3B)(c), (3B)(d) or (3B)(e), section 17A, subsections 23(2) and (3), 25(1), (2) and (3) and 31(1) and sections 13, 16, 17, 19, 22, 22A, 24, 24AA, 24A, 27, 28, 29 and 32 are to be exercised on behalf of the Tribunal by the Tribunal Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson or by a member of the staff of the Tribunal who is made available to the Tribunal under section 62 and is authorised by the Tribunal Chairperson to exercise the powers concerned.

59(2)  


Despite subsection 9(1):


(a) the powers of the Tribunal under subsections 26(2), (2A), (2AA), (2B), (2C), (3) and (4) and 31(2) and paragraph 48(a) are to be exercised on behalf of the Tribunal by the Tribunal Chairperson; and


(b) the powers of the Tribunal under subsections 34(2), (3) and (6), 38(2) and (3) and 44(1) and sections 22A, 35 and 45 are to be exercised on behalf of the Tribunal by the Tribunal Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson.


(c) (Repealed by No 116 of 2003)

SECTION 60   LEGAL PROFESSIONAL PRIVILEGE  

60(1)   [Application of section]  

This section applies if:


(a) under section 25, a person requires a lawyer:


(i) to give information; or

(ii) to produce a document; and


(b) giving the information would involve disclosing, or the document contains, as the case may be, a privileged communication made by, on behalf of or to the lawyer in his or her capacity as a lawyer.

60(2)   [Lawyer entitled to refuse]  

The lawyer is entitled to refuse to comply with the requirement unless:


(a) if the person to whom, or by or on behalf of whom, the communication was made is a body corporate that is under administration or is being wound up - the administrator or liquidator of the body; or


(b) otherwise - the person to whom, or by or on behalf of whom, the communication was made;

consents to the lawyer complying with the requirement.

60(3)   [Notice]  

If the lawyer so refuses, he or she must, as soon as practicable, give to the Tribunal a written notice setting out:


(a) if the lawyer knows the name and address of the person to whom, or by or on behalf of whom, the communication was made - that name and address; and


(b) if subparagraph (1)(a)(i) applies and the communication was made in writing - sufficient particulars to identify the document containing the communication; and


(c) if subparagraph (1)(a)(ii) applies - sufficient particulars to identify the document, or the part of the document, containing the communication.

60(4)   [Non-compliance]  

A person must not intentionally or recklessly refuse or fail to comply with subsection (3).

Penalty: 30 penalty units.

SECTION 61   61   LIABILITY FOR DAMAGES  


Neither a Tribunal member nor a member of the staff of ASIC who is made available to the Tribunal under section 62 is liable to an action or other proceeding for damages for or in relation to an act done or omitted to be done in good faith in the performance or purported performance of any function, or in the exercise or purported exercise of any power, conferred by this Act.

SECTION 62   STAFF AND FACILITIES  

62(1)  
(Repealed by No 13 of 2018)

62  


ASIC must make available to the Tribunal such staff and facilities as are necessary or desirable to enable the Tribunal to perform its functions.

SECTION 63   SECRECY  

63(1)  
This section applies to a person who is or has been:


(a) a Tribunal member; or


(b) a member of the staff of ASIC who is made available to the Tribunal under section 62.

63(2)  


Subject to subsections (2C) and (3), and to sections 64, 64A and 65, the person must not directly or indirectly:


(a) make a record of, or disclose to any person or court, any information acquired by the first-mentioned person in connection with a complaint made to the Tribunal under this Act or the review under this Act of a decision or conduct in respect of which such a complaint was made; or


(b) produce to any person or court a document so acquired.

Penalty: 10 penalty units.

63(2A)  


Subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.
Note:

For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

63(2B)  


Subsection (2) does not apply to the extent that the person makes the record of the information, discloses the information, or produces the document for the purposes of this Act.
Note:

A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (2B), see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

63(2C)  


Subsection (2) does not prohibit the Tribunal, or a member of ASIC's staff made available under section 62, from disclosing information or producing a document to the AFCA if the disclosure is for the purposes of the AFCA performing its functions or exercising its powers under Part 7.10A of the Corporations Act 2001.

63(3)  
Subsection (2) does not prohibit the Tribunal from disclosing information or producing a document:


(a) to ASIC; or


(aa) to APRA if requested by APRA to do so; or


(b) to a particular party to the complaint if the person who provided the information or document to the Tribunal consents in writing to the disclosure or production.

63(3A)  
Subsection (2) does not prohibit the Tribunal, or a member of the ASIC's staff made available under section 62, from disclosing, subject to subsection (3B):


(a) a complaint or a part of a complaint; or


(b) any information or material relating to that complaint or part of a complaint;

to a complaint-handling body to which the Tribunal has decided to refer the complaint, or that part of the complaint, under subsection 22A(1).

63(3B)  


A member of the Tribunal, or a member of ASIC's staff made available under section 62, must not disclose to a complaint-handling body (other than the AFCA):


(a) a complaint or part of a complaint; or


(b) information or material relating to a complaint or part of a complaint;

that reveals personal information relating to an individual unless the individual has consented in writing to the disclosure.

Penalty: Imprisonment for 2 years.

63(4)  
Subsection (2) does not prevent the Tribunal from disclosing information in a way that does not enable the identification of the parties to a complaint.

63(5)  


In this section:

AFCA
has the same meaning as in Chapter 7 of the Corporations Act 2001.

court
includes any tribunal, authority or person having power to require the production of documents or the answering of questions.

produce
includes permit access to, and production has a corresponding meaning.

SECTION 64   64   REFERENCE BY TRIBUNAL CHAIRPERSON OF CONTRAVENTIONS OF THE LAW OR OF THE GOVERNING RULES OF A FUND TO APRA OR ASIC OR BOTH  


If, in connection with a complaint made to the Tribunal under this Act, a Tribunal member becomes aware that a contravention of any law or of the governing rules of a fund may have occurred, the Tribunal member:


(a) if he or she is not the Tribunal Chairperson - must give particulars of the contravention to the Tribunal Chairperson; or


(b) if he or she is the Tribunal Chairperson:


(i) in the case of a contravention of a law that is administered by APRA - must give particulars of the contravention to APRA and, if he or she thinks it appropriate to do so, may also give particulars of the contravention to ASIC; or

(ii) in any other case - must give particulars of the contravention to ASIC and, if he or she thinks it appropriate to do so, may also give particulars of the contravention to APRA.

SECTION 64A   64A   REFERENCE BY TRIBUNAL CHAIRPERSON OF BREACHES OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS TO APRA OR ASIC OR BOTH  


If, in connection with a complaint made to the Tribunal under this Act, a Tribunal member becomes aware of a breach in the terms and conditions relating to an annuity policy, a life policy or an RSA, the Tribunal member:


(a) if he or she is not the Tribunal Chairperson - must give particulars of the breach to the Tribunal Chairperson; or


(b) if he or she is the Tribunal Chairperson - must do one of the following:


(i) give particulars of the breach to APRA;

(ii) give particulars of the breach to ASIC;

(iii) give particulars of the breach to both APRA and ASIC;
as he or she thinks appropriate.

SECTION 65   FAILURE OF A PARTY TO A COMPLAINT TO COMPLY WITH A DETERMINATION OR DIRECTION BY THE TRIBUNAL  

65(1)   [Tribunal member to give particulars of failure]  

If a Tribunal member becomes aware that a party to a complaint has refused or failed to give effect to a determination made by the Tribunal, he or she must, as soon as practicable:


(a) if he or she is a Tribunal member other than the Tribunal Chairperson - give particulars of the refusal or failure to the Tribunal Chairperson; or


(b) if he or she is the Tribunal Chairperson - do one of the following:


(i) give particulars of the refusal or failure to APRA;

(ii) give particulars of the refusal or failure to ASIC;

(iii) give particulars of the refusal or failure to both APRA and ASIC;
as he or she thinks appropriate.

65(2)   [Reconsideration by party]  

If the Tribunal remits a matter to a party to a complaint for reconsideration in accordance with the directions of the Tribunal, the party must reconsider the matter in accordance with those directions as soon as practicable.

SECTION 66   CONDUCT BY DIRECTORS, EMPLOYEES AND AGENTS  

66(1)  


If, in proceedings for an offence against this Act, it is necessary to establish the state of mind of a body corporate in relation to particular conduct, it is sufficient to show:


(a) that the conduct was engaged in by a director, employee or agent of the body corporate within the scope of his or her actual or apparent authority; and


(b) that the director, employee or agent had the state of mind.

66(2)  


Any conduct engaged in on behalf of a body corporate by a director, employee or agent of the body corporate within the scope of his or her actual or apparent authority is taken, for the purposes of a prosecution for an offence against this Act, to have been engaged in also by the body corporate unless the body corporate establishes that it took reasonable precautions and exercised due diligence to avoid the conduct.

66(3)  
If, in proceedings for an offence against this Act, it is necessary to establish the state of mind of an individual in relation to particular conduct, it is sufficient to show:


(a) that the conduct was engaged in by an employee or agent of the individual within the scope of his or her actual or apparent authority; and


(b) that the employee or agent had the state of mind.

66(4)  


Any conduct engaged in on behalf of an individual by an employee or agent of the individual within the scope of his or her actual or apparent authority is taken, for the purposes of a prosecution for an offence against this Act, to have been engaged in also by the individual unless the individual establishes that he or she took reasonable precautions and exercised due diligence to avoid the conduct.

66(5)  
A reference in subsection (1) or (3) to the state of mind of a person includes a reference to:


(a) the knowledge, intention, opinion, belief or purpose of the person; and


(b) the person's reasons for the intention, opinion, belief or purpose.

66(6)  
A reference in this section to a director of a body corporate includes a reference to a constituent member of, or to a member of a board or other group of persons administering or managing the affairs of, a body corporate incorporated for a public purpose by a law of the Commonwealth, of a State or of a Territory.

66(7)  
A reference in this section to engaging in conduct includes a reference to failing or refusing to engage in conduct.

66(8)  


A reference in this section to an offence against this Act includes a reference to an offence created by section 6 of the Crimes Act 1914, or section 11.1, 11.2, 11.2A, 11.4 or 11.5 of the Criminal Code, being an offence that relates to this Act.

SECTION 67   ANNUAL REPORT  

67(1)   [Report to Minister]  

The Tribunal Chairperson must, on behalf of the Tribunal, within 3 months after each year ending on 30 June, give to the Minister a report on the working of this Act during that year.

67(2)   [Report to be laid before Parliament]  

The Minister must cause a copy of the report to be laid before each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after the Minister receives the report.

SECTION 68   68   REGULATIONS  
The Governor-General may make regulations prescribing matters:


(a) required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed; or


(b) necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act.