Income Tax Assessment Act 1997
A company is covered by this section if subsection (3) or (5) applies to the company. 116-35(2)
A unit trust is covered by this section if subsection (4) or (5) applies to the trust. Concentrated ownership 116-35(3)
This subsection applies to a company if an individual owns, or up to 20 individuals own between them, directly or indirectly (through one or more interposed entities) and for their own benefit, *shares in the company:
(a) carrying *fixed entitlements to at least 75% of the company ' s income or at least 75% of the company ' s capital; or
(b) carrying at least 75% of the voting power in the company. 116-35(4)
This subsection applies to a trust if an individual owns, or up to 20 individuals own between them, directly or indirectly (through one or more interposed entities) and for their own benefit, units in the trust:
(a) carrying *fixed entitlements to at least 75% of the trust ' s income or at least 75% of the trust ' s capital; or
(b) if unit holders of the trust have a right to vote in respect of activities of the trust - carrying at least 75% of the voting power in the trust. Possible variation of rights 116-35(5)
This subsection applies to a company or trust if, because of:
(a) any provision in the entity ' s constituent document, or in any contract, agreement or instrument:
(i) authorising the variation or abrogation of rights attaching to any of the *shares or units in the entity; or
(ii) relating to the conversion, cancellation, extinguishment or redemption of any of those shares or units; or
(b) any contract, *arrangement, option or instrument under which a person has power to acquire any of those shares or units; or
(c) any power, authority or discretion in a person in relation to the rights attaching to any of those shares or units;
it is reasonable to conclude that the rights attaching to any of those shares or units are capable of being varied or abrogated in such a way (even if they are not in fact varied or abrogated in that way) that, directly or indirectly, subsection (3) or (4) would apply to the entity.Single individual 116-35(6)
For the purposes of subsections (3) and (4) , all of the following are taken to be a single individual:
(a) an individual, whether or not the individual holds *shares or units in the entity concerned;
(b) the individual ' s *associates;
(c) for any shares or units in respect of which other individuals are nominees of the individual or of the individual ' s associates - those other individuals.
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