Proceeds of Crime Act 2002
A court with * proceeds jurisdiction must order that:
(a) property must not be disposed of or otherwise dealt with by any person; or
(b) property must not be disposed of or otherwise dealt with by any person except in the manner and circumstances specified in the order;
(c) a *proceeds of crime authority applies for the order; and
(d) there are reasonable grounds to suspect that a person has committed a *serious offence; and
(e) any affidavit requirements in subsection (3) for the application have been met; and
(f) the court is satisfied that the * authorised officer who made the affidavit holds the suspicion or suspicions stated in the affidavit on reasonable grounds.
A court can refuse to make a restraining order if the Commonwealth refuses to give an undertaking: see section 21 .
The order must specify, as property that must not be disposed of or otherwise dealt with, the property specified in the application for the order, to the extent that the court is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds to suspect that that property is any one or more of the following:
(a) all or specified property of the * suspect;
(aa) all or specified * bankruptcy property of the suspect;
(b) all property of the suspect other than specified property;
(ba) all bankruptcy property of the suspect other than specified bankruptcy property;
(c) specified property of another person (whether or not that other person ' s identity is known) that is subject to the * effective control of the suspect;
(d) specified property of another person (whether or not that other person ' s identity is known) that is:
(i) in any case - * proceeds of the offence; or
(ii) if the offence to which the order relates is a * serious offence - an * instrument of the offence.
The application for the order must be supported by an affidavit of an * authorised officer stating:
(a) that the authorised officer suspects that the *suspect committed the offence; and
(b) if the application is to restrain property of a person other than the suspect but not to restrain * bankruptcy property of the suspect - that the authorised officer suspects that:
(i) the property is subject to the * effective control of the suspect; or
(ii) in any case - the property is * proceeds of the offence; or
(iii) if the offence to which the order relates is a *serious offence - the property is an * instrument of the offence.
The affidavit must include the grounds on which the * authorised officer holds those suspicions.
The reasonable grounds referred to in paragraph (1)(d) need not be based on a finding as to the commission of a particular * serious offence. Risk of property being disposed of etc. 18(5)
The court must make a * restraining order even if there is no risk of the property being disposed of or otherwise dealt with. Later acquisitions of property 18(6)
The court may specify that a * restraining order covers property that is acquired by the * suspect after the court makes the order. Otherwise, no property that is acquired after a court makes a restraining order is covered by the order.
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