Swiss Convention  



ARTICLE 3   General definitions  

For the purposes of this Convention, unless the context otherwise requires:

a) the term " Australia " , when used in a geographical sense, excludes all external territories other than:

(i) the Territory of Norfolk Island;

(ii) the Territory of Christmas Island;

(iii) the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands;

(iv) the Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands;

(v) the Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands; and

(vi) the Coral Sea Islands Territory,
and includes any area adjacent to the territorial limits of Australia (including the Territories specified in this subparagraph) in respect of which there is for the time being in force, consistently with international law, a law of Australia dealing with the exploration for or exploitation of any of the natural resources of the exclusive economic zone or the seabed and subsoil of the continental shelf;

b) the term

means the Swiss Confederation;

c) the term

includes an individual, a company, a trust and any other body of persons;

d) the term

means any body corporate or any entity which is treated as a company or body corporate for tax purposes;

e) the terms

"enterprise of a Contracting State"
and"enterprise of the other Contracting State"
mean respectively an enterprise carried on by a resident of a Contracting State and an enterprise carried on by a resident of the other Contracting State;

f) the term

"international traffic"
means any transport by a ship or aircraft operated by an enterprise of a Contracting State, except when the ship or aircraft is operated solely between places in the other Contracting State;

g) the term

"competent authority"

(i) in the case of Australia, the Commissioner of Taxation or an authorised representative of the Commissioner;

(ii) in the case of Switzerland, the Head of the Federal Department of Finance or his or her authorised representative;

h) the term

, in relation to a Contracting State, means:

(i) any individual possessing the nationality or citizenship of that Contracting State;

(ii) any legal person, company, partnership or association deriving its status as such from the laws in force in that Contracting State;

i) the term

"pension scheme"
means any plan, scheme, fund, foundation, trust or other arrangement established in a Contracting State or, in the case of Australia, that is an Australian superannuation fund for the purposes of Australian tax, which is:

(i) regulated by that State; and

(ii) operated principally to administer or provide pension or retirement benefits or to earn income for the benefit of one or more such schemes.

j) the term

means Australian tax or Swiss tax as the context requires, but does not include any penalty or interest imposed under the law of either Contracting State relating to its tax;

k) the term

"recognised stock exchange"

(i) the Australian Securities Exchange and any other Australian stock exchange recognised as such under Australian law;

(ii) the SIX Swiss Exchange and any other Swiss stock exchange recognised as such under Swiss law;

(iii) the London Stock Exchange, the Irish Stock Exchange and the stock exchanges of Amsterdam, Brussels, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hong Kong, Johannesburg, Lisbon, Luxembourg, Madrid, Mexico, Milan, New York, Paris, Sao Paulo, Seoul, Singapore, Stockholm, Toronto and Vienna, and the NASDAQ System; and

(iv) any other stock exchange agreed upon by the competent authorities.

As regards the application of the Convention at any time by a Contracting State, any term not defined therein shall, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meaning that it has at that time under the law of that State for the purposes of the taxes to which the Convention applies, any meaning under the applicable tax laws of that State prevailing over a meaning given to the term under other laws of that State.


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