AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES
As amended by the Malaysian Protocol (No 1), the Malaysian Exchange of Letters,
the Malaysian Protocol (No 2) and the Malaysian Protocol (No 3)
In this Agreement, unless the context otherwise requires -
(a) the term " Australia " , when used in a geographical sense, excludes all external territories other than:
(i) the Territory of Norfolk Island;
(ii) the Territory of Christmas Island;
(iii) the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands;
(iv) the Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands;
(v) the Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands; and
and includes any area adjacent to the territorial limits of Australia (including the Territories specified in this subparagraph) in respect of which there is for the time being in force, consistently with international law, a law of Australia dealing with the exploitation of any of the natural resources of the seabed and subsoil of the continental shelf;
(vi) the Coral Sea Islands Territory,
(b) the term " Malaysia " means the territories of the Federation of Malaysia, the territorial waters of Malaysia and the sea-bed and subsoil of the territorial waters, and includes any area extending beyond the limits of the territorial waters of Malaysia, and the sea-bed and subsoil of any such area, which has been or may hereafter be designated under the laws of Malaysia and in accordance with international law as an area over which Malaysia has sovereign rights for the purposes of exploring and exploiting the natural resources, whether living or non-living;
(c) the terms " Contracting State " , " one of the Contracting States " and " other Contracting State " mean Australia or Malaysia, as the context requires;
(d) the term " person " includes an individual, a company and such unincorporated bodies of persons as are treated as persons under the taxation laws of the respective Contracting States;
(e) the term " company " means any body corporate or any entity which is treated as a company for tax purposes;
(f) the terms " enterprise of one of the Contracting States " and " enterprise of the other Contracting State " mean respectively an enterprise carried on by a resident of one of the Contracting States and an enterprise carried on by a resident of the other Contracting State;
(g) the term " tax " means Australian tax or Malaysian tax, as the context requires;
(h) the term " Australian tax " means tax imposed by Australia, being tax to which this Agreement applies by virtue of Article 2;
(i) the term " Malaysian tax " means tax imposed by Malaysia, being tax to which this Agreement applies by virtue of Article 2;
(j) the term " competent authority " means, in the case of Australia, the Commissioner of Taxation or his authorized representative, and in the case of Malaysia, the Minister of Finance or his authorized representative. 2.
In this Agreement, the terms " Australian tax " and " Malaysian tax " do not include any penalty or interest imposed under the taxation laws of either Contracting State. 3.
In the application of this Agreement by a Contracting State, any term not otherwise defined shall, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meaning which it has under the taxation laws of that Contracting State from time to time in force.
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