AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES
In this Agreement, unless the context otherwise requires -
(a) the term " Australia " means the Commonwealth of Australia and, when used in a geographical sense, includes -
(i) the Territory of Norfolk Island;
(ii) the Territory of Christmas Island;
(iii) the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands;
(iv) the Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands;
(v) the Coral Sea Islands Territory; and
(vi) any area adjacent to the territorial limits of Australia or of the said Territories in respect of which there is for the time being in force, consistently with international law, a law of Australia or of a State or part of Australia or of a Territory aforesaid dealing with the exploitation of any of the natural resources of the sea-bed and subsoil of the continental shelf;
(b) the term " Denmark " means the Kingdom of Denmark including any area outside the territorial sea of Denmark which in accordance with international law has been or may hereafter be designated under Danish laws as an area within which Denmark may exercise sovereign rights with respect to the exploration and exploitation of the natural resources of the sea-bed or its subsoil; the term does not comprise the Faroe Islands and Greenland;
(c) the terms " Contracting State " , " one of the Contracting States " and " other Contracting State " mean Australia or Denmark, as the context requires;
(d) the term " person " includes an individual, a company and any other body of persons;
(e) the term " company " means any body corporate or any entity which is treated as a body corporate or company for tax purposes;
(f) the terms " enterprise of one of the Contracting States " and " enterprise of the other Contracting State " mean an enterprise carried on by a resident of Australia or an enterprise carried on by a resident of Denmark, as the context requires;
(g) the term " tax " means Australian tax or Danish tax, as the context requires;
(h) the term " Australian tax " means tax imposed by Australia, being tax to which this Agreement applies by virtue of Article 2;
(i) the term " Danish tax " means tax imposed by Denmark, being tax to which this Agreement applies by virtue of Article 2;
(j) the term " competent authority " means, in the case of Australia, the Commissioner of Taxation or his authorized representative, and in the case of Denmark, the Minister for Inland Revenue, Customs and Excise or his authorized representative. (2)
In this Agreement, the terms " Australian tax " and " Danish tax " do not include any penalty or interest imposed under the law of either Contracting State relating to the taxes to which this Agreement applies by virtue of Article 2. (3)
In the application of this Agreement by a Contracting State, any term not defined in this Agreement shall, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meaning which it has under the laws of that State relating to the taxes to which this Agreement applies.
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